A rainforest is an area covered by tall trees with the total high rainfall spreading quite equally through the year and the temperature rarely dipping below 16 ℃. Rainforests have a great effect on the world environment because they can take in heat from the sun and adjust the climate. Without the forest cover, these areas would reflect more heat into the atmosphere, warming the rest of the world. Losing the rainforests may also influence wind and rainfall patterns, potentially causing certain natural disasters all over the world.

In the past hundred years, humans have begun destroying rainforests in search of three major resources(资源): land for crops, wood for paper and other products, land for raising farm animals. This action affects the environment as a whole. For example, a lot of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) in the air comes from burning the rainforests. People obviously have a need for the resources we gain from cutting trees but we will suffer much more than we will benefit.

There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, when people cut down trees, generally they can only use the land for a year or two. Secondly, cutting large sections of rainforests may provide a good supply of wood right now, but in the long run it actually reduces the world’s wood supply.

Rainforests are often called the world’s drug store. More than 25% of the medicines we use today come from plants in rainforests. However, fewer than l% of rainforest plants have been examined for their medical value. It is extremely likely that our best chance to cure diseases lies somewhere in the world’s shrinking rainforests.

1.Rainforests can help to adjust the climate because they .

A. reflect more heat into the atmosphere

B. reduce the effect of heat from the sun on the earth

C. bring about high rainfall throughout the world

D. rarely cause the temperature to drop lower than 16 ℃

2.What does the word “this” underlined in the third paragraph refer to?

A. Humans have begun destroying rainforests.

B. People have a strong desire for resources.

C. We will lose much more than we can gain.

D. Much carbon dioxide comes from burning rainforests.

3.What might be the best title for the text?

A. Rainforests and the Environment

B. How to Save Rainforests

C. How to Protect Nature

D. Rainforests and Medical Development

Here is some general information about Edison Elementary School. For more information, you can visit our website which is printed on the cover.


Please contact the office at 480.472.5282 if your child is going to be absent.

Renaissance Reading:

The Accelerated Reader (AR) Program is a computerized reading enrichment program that combines great children’s literature with computer skills. As an individualized reading program, it is designed to motivate students to read more and to read good literature. Students of different abilities can use this program. It is not a competitive program but one that improves any student’s reading ability.

Here is how it works. Students select books in their reading range from our Accelerated Reader Selection and read it at their own pace. Once the student has completed the book, he/she is ready to take an AR quiz. Each quiz consists of 5, 10, or 20 multiple choice comprehensive questions about the book.

After taking the quiz, the computer shows the student how many questions he/she answered correctly, shows the correct answers for missed questions, and praises the students’ efforts with an on-screen personalized message. Passing the quiz assures the teacher and the parent that the child actually read and understood the book. Each student tests independently—reading the quiz questions himself/herself.

The computer keeps track of reading points, books, and average test scores, as well as other data. A student may test on a book only once and should, therefore, have thoroughly read and understood the contents before taking the quiz. Each student is responsible for reading the screen to be sure the quiz, by title and author, is the correct one he/she wishes to take.

Students are recognized for their accomplishments with praise from the teachers and special recognition at the classroom level when individual and/or classroom goals are met.

P. T. 0.

We have an active Parent -Teacher Organization. They have monthly meetings, check the calendar for the meeting times and places.

1.The passage may be selected from .

A. a magazine B. a newspaper

C. a website D. a novel

2.The passage is written for .

A. general readers B. parents

C. teachers D. primary students

3.Which of the following is TRUE about how Renaissance Reading works?

A. Students select books based on the instruction of the computer.

B. Students take the quiz without others’ arrangements.

C. The result of the quiz will be kept by teachers.

D. The summary of the book to be selected is shown on the screen.

4.It can be inferred from the passage that .

A. students will be punished if they don’t pass the quiz

B. students only have one chance to test on a book

C. students won’t be praised if they reach their goals

D. parents meet the teachers once in a term

Self-employed private physicians who charge a fee for each patient visit are the foundation of medical practice in the United States. Most physicians have a contract relationship with one or more hospitals in the community. They send their patients to this hospital, which usually charges patients according to the number of days they stay and the facilities (operating room, tests, medicines that they use). Some hospitals belong to a city, a state or, in the case of veteran’s hospitals, a federal government agency. Others are operated by religious orders (教会) or other non-profit groups.

Some medical doctors are on salary. Salaried physicians may work as hospital staff members, or residents, who are often still in training. They may teach in medical schools, be hired by corporations to care for their workers or work for the federal government’s Public Health Service.

Physicians are among the best paid professionals in the United States. In the 1980s, it was not uncommon for medical doctors to earn incomes of more than $ 100,000 a year. Specialists, particularly surgeons, might earn several times that amount. Physicians list many reasons why they deserve to be so well rewarded for their work. One reason is the long and expensive preparation required to become a physician in the United States. Most would-be physicians first attend college for four years, which can cost nearly $ 20,000 a year at one of the best private institutions. Prospective physicians then attend medical school for four years. Tuition alone can exceed $ 10,000 a year. By the time they have obtained their medical degrees, many young physicians are deeply in debt. They still face three to five years of residency (实习阶段) in a hospital, the first year as an apprentice physician. The hours are long and the pay is relatively low.

Setting up a medical practice is expensive, too. Sometimes several physicians will decide to establish a group practice, so they can share the expense of maintaining an office and buying equipment. These physicians also take care of each other’s patients in emergencies.

Physicians work long hours and must accept a great deal of responsibility. Many medical procedures, even quite routine ones, involve risk. It is understandable that physicians want to be well rewarded for making decisions which can mean the difference between life and death.

1.According to the passage, it is very unlikely that an American hospital is owned by .

A. a church B. a city

C. a corporation D. a state

2.According to the passage, how long does it take for a would-be physician to become an independent physician in the USA?

A. About twelve years. B. Eight years.

C. Ten years. D. About seven year.

3.Sometimes several physicians set up a group medical practice mainly because .

A. there are so many patients that it is difficult for one physician to take care all of them

B. they can take turns to work long hours

C. no one wants to assume too much responsibility

D. facilities may be too much of a burden for one physician to shoulder

4.which of the following statements could fully express the author’s view towards physicians, payment in the USA?

A. It is reasonable for physicians to have a large income because their work is very dangerous.

B. For their expensive education and their responsibility, they deserve a handsome pay.

C. Physicians should be better paid because they work long hours under bad conditions.

D. Physicians have great responsibility, so it is understandable that they should be well rewarded.

Good manners play an important part in keeping peace and goodwill (友好) in a community. A man with good manners doesn’t hurt other’s feelings, and therefore he’s on good terms with everyone .In this way he helped to keep peace in society.

But a man with bad manners has no respect for others He uses words carelessly and behaves rudely towards others and causes a lot of unpleasantness. In the end, he himself will suffer most. Everyone will avoid him and he will be forced to live a lonely life.

To live well in society, money alone is not enough. We should also have good manners, for it’s human nature to seek friendship; and friendship cannot be bought with money. Friendship has to be earned through our own attitude towards others. If we are kind to others, they will be kind to us, and kindness is essential to good manners .Bad manners drive away friends as well as our own family members.

A man with god manners has many friends. He commands the respect of all those who come into contact with him. He doesn’t talk ill about others. Even when he’s provoked, he tries his best not to offend others. He has sympathy for the weak and the disabled.

There are, however, many people who behave so well outside their homes that they are respected and admired by everyone. But in their own homes they are worse than the devil. Such people cannot be said to have good manners. It doesn’t take long for others to discover this.

If one’s manners are good, one behaves well everywhere, even when one is away from the critical eyes of others. It is therefore essential to have good manners.

1.The greatest benefit that people with good manners bring to society is .

A. peace B. joy

C. respect D. friendship

2.The underlined word “provoked” in Paragraph 4 can be replaced by “ ”.

A. got tired B. proved friendly

C. made angry D. left alone

3.People with good manners do the following EXCEPT that .

A. they behave well even when they are alone or away from the public eyes.

B. they try their best not to talk ill about others only in public.

C. they are kind towards others and bring a lot of joy to them.

D. they respect the weak and are sympathetic towards the disabled.

4.We can infer from the text that for people only behaving well outside their homes, .

A. they will still be respected by people outside.

B. it is difficult to say whether they have good manners or not.

C. they can keep friends but will drive away family members.

D. they only pretend to be friendly

Stress is a normal part of life and usually comes from everyday occurrences. 1.

? Try physical activity

When you are nervous, angry or upset, try releasing the pressure through exercise or physical activity. 2.

? 3.

You should make every effort to eat well and get enough rest. If you easily get angry and can’t sleep well enough, or if you’re not eating properly, it will be more likely that you will fall into stressful situations. If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should consult a doctor.

? Make time for yourself

Schedule time for both work and entertainment. Don’t forget, play can be just as important to your overall well-being as work. 4.. Go window-shopping or work on a hobby. Allow yourself at least a half hour each day to do something you enjoy.

? Make a list of things to do

Stress can result from disorganization and a feeling that “there’s so much to do, and not enough time”. Trying to take care of everything at once can be too much for you and as a result, you may not achieve anything. 5.. Set out to do the most important task first.

A. If you feel stress is hard to control, seek professional help.

B. Take care of yourself

C. Running, walking, playing tennis, and working in your garden are just some of the activities you might try.

D. You need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun

E. Instead, make a list of everything you have to do, and then do one thing at a time.

F. Here are some ways you can deal with everyday sources of stress

G. Competing with others, whether in accomplishments, appearance, or possessions, is an avoidable source of stress

My son Tom taught me a beautiful lesson today. He is three years old and it is amazing watching him grow up.

He called out to me today saying, “Papa, sit”. That usually means ______ everything and going next to him and sitting down to play with him. I did that, as he can be ______ and will not stop calling out until I ______. He was playing with beads (珠子), pushing a string through them, which is a great exercise to help ______ fine motor skills. Then, after he finished playing with the beads, it was time to put them back in the box that they are stored in. I saw him ______ pick up each bead, look at it ______ it were made of chocolate and then placed it into its box.

With over a hundred beads to go, I was getting ______. “What a long time it will take! Why cannot he ______ ten beads in one go and drop them in?” said my anxious mind. I noticed that he did this with as much ______ as he had while we were playing. I didn’t see any ______ between his play and his putting away the toy. Obviously he enjoyed both.

Then it suddenly ______ me that this boy was enjoying the whole ______. The journey was his goal. For him the ______ was in the game and after the game, not just in the fun part. What a great perspective: to live each moment as it is the ______ moment; to do each task as it is the most awesome task. Nothing else ______.

Looking at how ______ my son was putting beads into the box ______ me that the process was the goal. The joy of pilgrimage (朝圣) is not in getting there but in every ______ of the journey.

This is what living in the NOW is all ______. Tom, my son, was showing me that it was about thoroughly enjoying every moment with ______ love and peace.

1.A. wasting B. leaving C. taking D. preparing

2.A. stubborn B. careful C. helpful D. humorous

3.A. fell down B. turned round C. burst out D. gave in

4.A. highlight B. develop C. process D. identify

5.A. gratefully B. eagerly C. carefully D. quickly

6.A. as if B. even though C. in case D. in that

7.A. fascinated B. satisfied C. impatient D. energetic

8.A. package B. grab C. deliver D. replace

9.A. confidence B. strength C. inspiration D. involvement

10.A. sense B. difference C. need D. value

11.A. excited B. helped C. struck D. encouraged

12.A. process B. morning C. experiment D. design

13.A. victory B. challenge C. difficulty D. pleasure

14.A. urgent B. exciting C. perfect D. dangerous

15.A. matters B. happens C. disappears D. works

16.A. successfully B. peacefully C. responsibly D. systematically

17.A. guaranteed B. warned C. promised D. taught

18.A. plan B. destination C. step D. detail

19.A. for B. with C. about D. from

20.A. complete B. available C. additional D. precious

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