Computer hackers have now got their hands on mobile phones. A phone virus program can ______ your phone do things you have no control over, computer security experts ______.

It might ______ the White House or the police, or forward your personal address book to a marketing company. Or it could simply eat into the phone's operating software, turning it ______ and erasing your personal information.

Similar viruses have already made mobile phone owners ______ in Japan and Europe.

Mr.Hypponen, chief technical officer of a computer security company in Finland, said a virus “can get your ______ and send them elsewhere. And it can record your ______. ”

Mobiles are now able to surf the net, send emails and ______ software. So they are an easy ______ for the same hackers who have sent viruses to computers over the past decade.

“It's technically ______ now,” said Stephen Trilling, director of research at anti?virus ______ maker Symantec Corp based in the US.

“If the phone is connected to the ______ , it can be used to transmit threats and ______ targets just as any computer can. ”

In Japan, if you opened a certain email message ______ your mobile phone, it would cause the phone to repeatedly ______ the national emergency (紧急)number.

So phone operators had to ______ emergency calls until the ______ was removed.

In Europe, the mobiles' short message service, ______ SMS, has been used to send codes that could damage phones.

Mobile users can ______ viruses, of course, by sticking to their traditional phones ______ web links, some experts said.

1.A. get B. force C. make D. damage

2.A. speak B. talk C. tell D. say

3.A. lead B. cause C. control D. call

4.A. off B. out C. down D. on

5.A. interested B. angry C. excited D. terrified

6.A. messages B. passages C. news D. information

7.A. voice B. passwords C. music D. address

8.A. make B. destroy C. download D. develop

9.A. job B. task C. mission D. target

10.A. possible B. impossible C. useful D. valuable

11.A. hardware B. software C. computer D. equipment

12.A. computer B. television C. Internet D. radio

13.A. strike B. visit C. inquire D. attack

14.A. in B. by C. on D. with

15.A. send B. dial C. count D. press

16.A. cancel B. forbid C. stop D. prevent

17.A. bug B. mistake C. fault D. email

18.A. and B. not C. or D. but

19.A. stop B. avoid C. kill D. find

20.A. beyond B. with C. over D. without

Having a website is not enough today.In fact, for a website to be indexed by Google, it may take about a month. Even after this, it's not likely that it will appear on such engine rankings when a search is made. This is because there are millions of web pages that can be accessed at any given moment. Thus, they need to advertise website is more important than having a website.

Online advertising methods are very different from traditional ones. One of the methods to advertise website companies is use of banner ads. Companies use flash ads or banner ads placed in strategic locations around the web. However, the most common way of advertising today is the use of link?building. Usually, Google and Yahoo will index web pages based on their popularity. Therefore, advertising website campaigns should be targeted towards ensuring your website has relevant links that are both outbound and inbound. Inbound links link back to you while outbound links come from your website to other relevant sites.

Usually, link?building in any of your advertising website campaigns will have some measure of success. If you link to other relevant websites, they will more likely be willing to link back to you. Paid links can help if you have some extra cash to spare. Pay?per?click campaigns also go a long way in advertising website campaigns. Search engines like Google and Yahoo provide pay?per?click services based on the keyword used. Thus, ensure that you do careful research on keyword relevance before starting a pay?per?click campaign.

Good web design also plays an important role in not only attracting new clients but also maintaining them. Take time to design the website, your links, icons and look of the website. This will go a long way in your advertising website campaign. Traffic generation takes time and effort, but it is time and effort well spent.

1.It is hard for a website to be indexed by Google and Yahoo mainly because it ________.

A. doesn't work properly

B. doesn't pay for the link to it

C. doesn't have the proper keywords

D. doesn't stand out among others

2.What can we learn about link?building according to the text?

A. It mainly refers to those inbound links.

B. Pay?per?click services are only provided by Google and Yahoo.

C. General keywords play an important role in the process.

D. Paid links are not advised to use by those new websites.

3.Before starting a pay?per?click campaign, people should ________.

A. find the relevant keywords correctly

B. design their web pages creatively

C. find proper search engine like Google

D. pay Google and Yahoo in advance

4.The text is for those who want to ________.

A. design their websites better

B. develop their websites eagerly

C. advertise on Google and Yahoo

D. win advertising website campaigns

Whenever anyone measures educational success, East Asian countries are always top scorers. But in a recent league table, a European country, Finland, was top of the class. South Korea was still in second place, though. Britain was at number 6.

In Korea the school day is long?typically 7 or 8 hours, followed by hours of private tutoring in the evenings. All_this_hothousing leaves Korean students so tired, they sometimes fall asleep in class next day. Worries about the effects of late night cramming (填鸭式) led the government to force cramming schools to close by 10 pm.Finnish children spend the least time in class in the developed world, often finishing just after lunch, with about one hour of homework a day. Private tuition is uncommon. The British and American school day is quite long in comparison, around 6 hours, and secondary school pupils do 2 or 3 hours of self?study a night.

The Korean education system, like many in Asia, is intensely competitive, with students even competing to get into the best cramming schools, to help them get ahead. Finnish education is far less cut?throat. Classes are all mixed ability, and there are no league tables. British schools again occupy the middle ground, with quite high levels of competition for places at university, and schools and universities battling to come top of league tables for everything from exam results to student satisfaction. Korea and Finland both do well, yet their education systems are so different.

However, there are some similarities in Korea and Finland. In those countries, teachers have high status in society, and education is very highly valued. Those attitudes can't change quickly. But it can be done. They might be the star pupils now, but until the 1970s, Finland's educational system was poor. Their thoroughly different approach to schooling has taken them to the top in just a generation.

1.The students spend the least time in school in ________.

A. the UK B. Finland

C. the USA D. Korea

2.The underlined phrase “all this hothousing” in Paragraph 2 probably refers to ________.

A. private evening tutoring

B. self?study at home

C. long?hour study

D. school study

3.From Paragraph 3, we can know that ________.

A. Finnish students are less stressed in study

B. there're also many cramming schools in Britain

C. students in Korea are the most competitive in Asia

D. British schools are less competitive than universities

4.According to the author, the key to improving education is ________.

A. the attitude

B. the schooling time

C. star pupils

D. new teaching approach

The problem with students using Google is not that the search leader is unable to offer useful educational content. It's that finding that content using simple search terms is a difficult art to master. But some educational companies and organizations aim to make it easier to find useful educational content among the Web. They are forming a working group to come up with more detailed criteria(标准)that could eventually be added into the search lines for Google, Bing, and Yahoo !

The project was encouraged by a joint move by those major search engines to help users do more effective Web?searches. The idea behind the new education corporation is to determine a common “framework” for narrowing search results for education content—by subject area,or source type,or content type, or any number of possible criteria. The goal is also to persuade publishers of educational content to use a matching set of tags(分类)to help the search engines sort out their content more easily.

Search engines are used by college students, but they were not designed for them. This has been a subject of much handwringing (绝望) among professors, who worry that students are not finding the most reliable content on the Internet even if more and more content providers of good fame—textbook publishers, scholars, universities and many others—have been putting useful academic resources on the open Web.

Michael Johnson, a member who will be serving on a working group devoted to developing the framework over the next six months or so, said “The project is aimed at benefiting the publishers of educational content as much as students. ”

1.What may annoy students using Google to help them?

A. They can't search useful educational content at home.

B. Google doesn't provide valuable educational content.

C. It's hard to find educational content in simple and effective ways.

D. There are so many students searching the same using Google now.

2.To improve Web searches for students the working group will ________.

A. demand the major search engines offer more content

B. train more students to surf safely on the Internet

C. ask students to use more kinds of search engines

D. link better standards to the major search engines

3.What may publishers of educational content help in the joint move?

A. They should produce less educational content with better quality.

B. They can set standard tags to match with searched contents.

C. They may develop better searching software.

D. They will provide more educational content.

4.From the third paragraph we can see ________.

A. not all content providers of good fame offer reliable content

B. textbook publishers shouldn't put resources on the open Web

C. college professors don't believe in content on the Internet

D. college students don't know how to use search engines

In no other time in history information, good and bad, has been spread as fast as today. Media just pushes out violence and cruelty and of course it will affect the minds of people watching. Internet has damaged the idea that love is something special and school social workers are busy teaching teenage boys how to behave in a relationship and girls to say no to things they do not want to do.

Quite a lot of studies have been made into the way children are affected by watching TV and other media such games with a high content of violence. In a young age children cannot differentiate themselves and their fantasies from the real world. By playing games that mixes reality with fantasy children learn about themselves and the world. In their games they also act out things they might be considering, their wishes and things they have been through. If a child is let to watch a lot of violence, not surprisingly, the child is very likely to play violent games. Acting out what they have been through is a normal way of trying out new concepts and form ideas about how to interact with other people. Also, up to certain age most children adore adults how ever good or bad they are. Children look upon these adults as role models and copy their behavior.

So what happens then if a child watches adults harm and kill each other in a movie or in a game? What adults do is usually OK to do, so what happens on the screen must be OK even if it looks strange and makes the child feel uneasy. Children become insecure and anxious.

1.Why are children easily affected by TV programs and games?

A. Because they easily ignore the directions from their teachers and parents

B. Because they can't tell reality from fantasy and like to act things out.

C. Because TV programs and games are more attractive than their lessons.

D. Because they cannot find their role models from the real world.

2.From the passage we can learn that ________.

A. most people are deeply pessimistic about their future

B. young children get in touch with much content of violence

C. educators fail to teach what is right and what is wrong

D. films on TV are too difficult for children to understand

3.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A. The Impact of Media on Children

B. Violence and Cruelty in Games

C. Our Worrying Future

D. Take Control of Children

How to Study Smarter, Not Harder

Here are some of our favorite tips that will help any student study smarter, not harder:

Recite As You Study

Reciting?saying things out loud—should first take place as you read through each paragraph or section.Test yourself.This will help you to understand as well as learn faster because it is more active than reading or listening.It will also help you to notice your mistakes and the topics you have trouble understanding.

Study the Middle

The best time to review is soon after you've learned something.You are more likely to remember the material at the beginning and the end of the lesson, so make sure you focus on the middle when you review.

Take Fuller Notes

Notes should be in your own words, brief and clear.They should be tidy and easy to read.Writing notes will help you better than just underlining as you read, since it forces you to re?write ideas in your own words.

Sleep on it

Study before going to bed, unless you are very tired.It's easier to remember material you've just learned after sleeping than after an equal period of daytime activity, because your brain continues to think even after you've fallen asleep.

Combing Memory and Understanding

There are two ways to remember:by memorizing and by understanding.Multiplication tables, telephone numbers, and math formulas are better learned by rote(死记硬背)while ideas are best learned by understanding.

The more ways you have to think about an idea, the more meaning it will have:the more meaningful the learning, the better you can remember it.Pay attention to similarities in ideas and concepts and then try to understand how they fit in with thing you already know.Never be satisfied with anything less than a completely clear understanding of what you are reading.If you are not able to follow the thought, go back to the place where you first got confused and try again.

Titles:Tips on a smarter way

Right things to be done



◆Help you study in an3. way

◆Make you aware of your mistakes and problems



◆brief and clear

◆tidy and easy to read


You can benefit a lot more than5. when you read.

Sleep on it

Studying before going to bed brings about better 6. for material you've just learned.

7. of memory and understanding

◆Considering an idea in as many different8. as possible.

9. similar ideas and concepts

◆Going back to what first cause your 10. and start again

James Bender, in his book How to Talk Well tells the story of a farmer who grew award?winning corn.Each year he won a blue ribbon.One year a newspaper reporter interviewed him and learned something interesting about how he grew it.

The reporter discovered that the farmer shared his seed corn with his neighbors.“How can you afford to share your best seed corn with your neighbors when they are entering corn in competition with yours each year?” The reporter asked.“Why,” said the farmer, “didn't you know? The wind picks up pollen(花粉) from the ripening corn and carries it from field to field.If my neighbors grow bad corn, cross?pollination(异花受粉) will slowly reduce the quality of my corn.If I am to grow good corn, I must help my neighbors grow good corn.”

He is very much aware of the connectedness of life.His corn cannot improve unless his neighbors' corn also improves.The lesson for each of us is this: If we are to grow good corn, we must help our neighbors grow good corn.
























It was dangerously cold. A few drivers slipping and sliding off the road and back on again had cut deep ruts(车辙)in the mud. And the ruts became frozen solid. The drum of our truck’s aging engine worried us.

Trees and bushes heavy with snow bent to form an icy tunnel. We inched along the scary route as Howard grasped the steering wheel(方向盘)tightly, trying to keep the truck in the ruts. We were now riding through a nightmare with no going back. I kept praying the truck would not quit.

However, the engine’s coughing grew worse. We came to a bumping stop. Hot tears ran down my face. We noticed a small house off in the distance. “I will go for help.” Howard’s words ruined my common sense and panic took over. We would take the children — we would walk to that house together!

But the snow was deep, and our two children, asleep in the cab, were too heavy to carry. My husband convinced me to let him go alone. If no one was home or they didn’t answer the door, he would come back and we’d try to hike out to a main road. For now, it was safer in the truck. I wish I could say I have faith, but when he walked away, I was mad at the world.

It seemed as if hours had passed before I heard a familiar voice and a kind laugh of another man as they approached in the snow. The older fellow invited us to go up to the house where his wife was waiting. Two wide-awake kids moved across the seat, ready for adventure. Their voices and laughter carried in the cold night air. When we finally got close, a cheerful woman opened the door. Warm air and the smell of hot buttered popcorn and chocolate drew us in.

Relieved, my prayers were heard!

1.What made the author worried after Howard left the truck?

A. Her being locked in the truck.

B. Howard’s failure to get the help.

C. Children’s fear in the freezing night.

D. The truck’s sudden move in the frozen mud.

2.What can we learn about the older couple from Paragraph 5?

A. They were willing to offer help.

B. They loved making friends with children.

C. They enjoyed cooking in cold winter nights.

D. They came across the Howards on the way home.

3.What would be the best title of the passage?

A. A Scary Night B. Man’s Prayer

C. A Truck Accident D. God’s Answer

This day marks the rising of a new food startup, the first company to be financed entirely by the crowd, and of it every business thus relies on thousands of customers to grow. Lisa, 25, its main founder and CEO, believes it will be a path that will become increasingly popular, and ultimately will produce more thriving(繁荣的)businesses from the scratch.

“In the food industry, no venture capital (VC, 风险投资) will even look at you until you’ve hit a million in sales. As a fresh hand in business, unless you’re independently wealthy, you will likely need to raise some money before then,” Lisa complained. So few businesses approached VC firms at the beginning. It was no exception with her. Thus, she turned to a new financing tool at hand, crowdfunding, to raise money from the crowd who’d like to take a bet on her company.

But for a company, it didn’t make sense to seek investments when all they had was an idea and a few months of consumer testing data. The food market is extremely competitive. No investor would put money behind a totally unproven new super food product founded by a bunch of twenty-somethings. “But we had a story. And crowds love stories.” Lisa said delightedly. So she put together an online crowdfunding campaign, explaining how she began working with this amazingly nutritious plant in the Peace Corps and then started selling it in the U.S. to support the poor in the West Africa.

On the online platform where they were to raise the money, a friend convinced them to change their goal from $20,000 to $50,000. Lisa stayed up all night worrying they wouldn’t hit it. But they reached $24,000 in 24 hours and ended their funding with $53,000. Seeing the number, Lisa said, “Thank you! To my crowd and for your belief!”

1.Why couldn’t Lisa get investments in a traditional way?

A. She lacked confidence in business.

B. Her food company was in poor condition.

C. VC demanded too much in choosing partners.

D. Consumers were not satisfied with her new products.

2.According to the passage, crowdfunding ________.

A. ensures the investors a good return

B. aims to help badly managed companies

C. attracts more people to become investors

D. helps startups deal with money shortages

3.The underlined word “twenty-somethings” refers to ________.

A. twenty impractical ideas B. young people over twenty

C. twenty inexperienced partners D. a company with twenty branches

4.Which of the following best explains Lisa’s success?

A. Great minds think alike. B. Honesty is the best policy.

C. Many hands make light work. D. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

Rapid advances in a new technology will soon transform science fiction into reality — meaning people will have driverless cars, small robots at their command and the ability to experience being in another place without leaving home, predicted Google executive chairman Eric Schmidt at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, the planet’s largest cell phone trade show.

Introduction of books available online, Internet translation of languages and voice recognition for computers all happened much faster than anyone could foresee and that technological research into even more previously unheard of advances is progressing at a fast speed.

“People who predict that holograms(全息图)and self-driving cars will become reality soon are absolutely right,” Schmidt told thousands of attendees. Research under way will lead to situations where people can put themselves at events like a rock concert so that they can see, hear and even feel the event. And turn down the volume, if it’s too loud.

One attendee said she was scared that the possibility could be dehumanizing, but Schmidt replied by holding up his cell phone into the air. “It has an off button and it is here on the right,” Schmidt said. “My point is that it is all about your control. If you don’t like my version of a rock concert, I’m not forcing you to go.” In the future, small robots could be used so busy people can send them to events for video and voice transmissions when their presence isn’t required, Schmidt said.

Technology in the near future will redefine the relationship among people in the world. “With technology comes power and with power comes choice, and smarter resourceful citizens are going to demand a better deal for their new life,” Schmidt said.

1.From the passage, the new technology _________.

A. largely depends on science fiction

B. will eventually replace humans’ presence

C. amazingly improves people’s social skills

D. can unexpectedly bring new various choices

2.Why did Schmidt give the example in Paragraph 4?

A. To list advantages of the new cell phone.

B. To advise a wider use of the new cell phone.

C. To remove people’s worry of the new technology.

D. To compare the benefits of using the new technology.

3.What’s the writer’s attitude toward rapid advances in technology?

A. Objective. B. Negative. C. Uncared. D. Contradictory.

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