I was travelling between two cities in India overnight by bus.I was____to this place.I took an electric tricycle(三轮车),telling the driver to____me at a bus stop from where I could get a direct bus to my final destination.I had very little____so I let him know that he could drop me at the____point.

The driver tried communicating with me on the way,trying to judge my____.He was also trying to____an ATM for me.He wanted to drop me at home,so he could____more money.However,finally he realized I was____out of cash and he’d better drop me at the____stop.

This destination was not too far away but realizing that I was new,he had____me extra money,which I had____, not being aware.

At this bus stop,while dropping me off,this driver was feeling awkward about the____I might face by taking a local bus.I had two bags of luggage with me which I would need to____on the bus and then from a bus stop to home.

The driver didn’t drop me off and____.He went around finding another electric tricycle for me and____I take a full tricycle for Rs.60 if I could afford it,or else____the tricycle with other passengers,paying Rs.30.I chose the latter. He____that sharing might not be comfortable.I could see he was doing all this because he was feeling____about taking extra money from me.

I smiled at his good____,which made him feel wrong at cheating me,though it was a very small amount.I felt good about the existing____standards in the city.

1.A. loyal B. sensitive C. new D. important

2.A. cheat B. drop C. help D. visit

3.A. cash B. time C. patience D. luggage

4.A. cleanest B. busiest C. safest D. closest

5.A. personality B. situation C. profession D. birth

6.A. find B. book C. rob D. get

7.A. save B. steal C. lose D. make

8.A. gradually B. usually C. actually D. fortunately

9.A. taxi B. bus C. train D. bicycle

10.A. charged B. offered C. lent D. paid

11.A. written down B. objected to C. agreed to D. turned down

12.A. dilemma B. distance C. destination D. opportunity

13.A. store B. hide C. pack D. carry

14.A. return B. leave C. stay D. wait

15.A. begged B. commanded C. suggested D. urged

16.A. refuse B. buy C. avoid D. share

17.A. hoped B. doubted C. insisted D. examined

18.A. happy B. bad C. grateful D. desperate

19.A. body B. habit C. appearance D. heart

20.A. moral B. national C. scientific D. political

The Nobel Prize Winners in Literature

Rabindranath Tagore (1913)

Prize motivation:“because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse (诗歌), by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West”

William Faulkner (1949)

Prize motivation: “for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel”

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1953)

Prize motivation: “for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory(演讲) in defending exalted human values.”

Ernest Miller Hemingway (1954)

Prize motivation: “for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style.”

John Steinbeck (1962)

Prize motivation: “for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humor and keen social perception.”

Claude Simon (1985)

Prize motivation: “who in his novel combines the poet’s and the painter’s creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition.”

Mo Yan (2012)

Prize motivation: “who with hallucinatory(幻觉般的) realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary.”

Bob Dylan (2016)

Prize motivation: “for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition.”

1.Which writer won Nobel Prize for his poetry?

A. William Faulkner. B. Bob Dylan.

C. Rabindranath Tagore. D. Claude Simon.

2.Which writer won Noble Prize mostly for his specific work?

A. Ernest Hemingway. B. John Steinbeck.

C. William Faulkner. D. Winston Churchill.

3.Whose works will you turn to if you are interested in a song-writing Nobel Prize winner?

A. Mo Yan’s. B. Bob Dylan’s.

C. Claude Simon’s. D. Rabindranath Tagore’s.

4.Who described real life experiences in his historic works?

A. John Steinbeck. B. Mo Yan.

C. Ernest Hemingway. D. Winston Churchill.

To my Charley on his wedding day:

I know you think these notes are silly. I have watched you wear a long face over the years when I give them to you. But understand that sometimes I want to tell you something and I want to get it just right. Putting it down on paper helps me do that. I wish I had been a better writer, I wish I had gone to college. If I had, I think I would have studied English and maybe my vocabulary would have improved. So many times I feel I am using the same words over and over. Like a woman wearing the same dress every day. So boring!

What I want to say to you, Charley, is you are marrying a wonderful girl. I think of Catherine in many ways like I think of Roberta. Like a daughter. She is sweet and patient. You should be the same with her, Charley.

Here is what you are going to find out about marriage: you have to work at it together* And have to love three things. You have to love

1) Each other.

2) Your children (when you have some).

3) Your marriage.

What I mean by that last one is, there may be times that you fight, and sometimes you Catherine won’t even like each other. But those are the times you have to love your marriage like a third party. Look at your wedding photos. Look at any memories you’ve made. And if believe in those memories, they will pull you back together.

I’m very proud of you today, Charley. I am putting this in your tuxedo pocket because I know how you lose things.

I love you every day!

Mom

1.Why did the mother write the letter to Charley?

A. To congratulate her son. B. To give him some advice.

C. To show her pity. D. To talk things through.

2.What kind of feeling is mainly revealed in the letter?

A. Regret. B. Pride.

C. Care. D. Complaint.

3.What is implied about Charley in the letter?

A. He is forgetful. B. He is patient.

C. He is boring. D. He is worried.

My daughter went to see The Wild One recently and she commented that Marlon Brando was wearing jeans so long ago. Of course he helped set the trend, so that got me thinking about the link between films and trends in fashion. Fashion and films have gone hand in hand for long. The Wild One is a good example: it appeared in 1954, starring Brando. Dressed in a black leather motorcycle jacket, leather cap and jeans, he created a look which is still considered “cool” today. Everyone from Madonna to middle-aged men is seen wearing the classic leather motorcycle jacket.

Another strong influence on fashion trends was Breakfast at Tiffany’s, starring Audrey Hepburn. She made famous the simple black dress that looks perfect at either a cocktail party or just standing around an expensive department store like Tiffany’s with a pastry and coffee in your hand, as Audrey Hepburn does in the film. She looks so elegant, wearing simple but beautiful dresses, big dark glasses and a string of pearls around her neck. Audrey Hepburn still influences women’s fashion with her “Tiffany’s look”.

In more modem times, the film star Uma Thurman created a major fashion trend when she appeared in the film Pulp Fiction, made in 1994. Her style was very simple. Her black trousers, crisp white shirt and hair style was copied by women in the world.

Influencing fashion trends can often be about timing. The movie Memoirs of a Geisha came just in time to start a trend in Japanese fashion. It starred the Chinese actress Zhang Ziyi, who wore beautiful silk kimonos (和服), and it won an Oscar for Costume Design. Many travel companies picked up on the trend and ran “geisha trips” to Japan. The film has also led to a regained interest in kimonos. It is now quite common to see young Japanese women wearing kimonos not just on traditional occasions, but at various social events. The fashion is also beginning to spread to Western countries.

1.What is the best title of the passage?

A. Films and fashion. B. Stars’ fashion.

C. Influential films. D. Film cultures.

2.Who will people associate Madonna wearing the leather motorcycle jacket with?

A. Zhang Ziyi. B. Audrey Hepburn.

C. Uma Thurman. D. Marlon Brando.

3.What is implied in the film Breakfast at Tiffany’s according to the passage?

A. One can be active by wearing black.

B. One can be elegant by dressing simply.

C. One can be famous by looking perfect.

D. One can be stylish by eating at Tiffany’s.

4.What does the film Memoirs of a Geisha lead to?

A. The popularity of the Chinese actress.

B. The worldwide reading of Geisha stories.

C. The recovery of interest in kimonos.

D. The “geisha trips” to social events.

I was born on the 17th of November 1828, in the village of Nam Ping, which is about four miles southwest of Macao, and is located on Pedro Island lying west of Macao, from which it is separated by a channel of half a mile wide.

As early as 1834, an English lady, Mrs. Gutzlaff, wife of a missionary to China, came to Macao. Supported by the Ladies’ Association in London for the promotion of female education in India and the East, she immediately took up the work of starting a girls’ school for Chinese girls, which was soon followed by the opening of a boys’ school.

Mrs. Gutzlaff’s comprador (买办)happened to come from my village and was actually my father’s friend and neighbor. It was through him that my parents heard about Mrs. Gutzlaff’s school and it was doubtlessly through his influence and means that my father got me admitted into the school, It has always been a mystery to me why my parents should put me into a foreign school, instead of a traditional Confucian school, where my big brother was placed. Most certainly such a step would have been more suitable for Chinese public opinion, taste, and the wants of the country, than to allow me to attend an English school. Moreover, a Chinese belief is the only avenue in China that leads to political promotion, influence, power and wealth. I can only guess that as foreign communication with China was just beginning to grow, my parents hoped that it might be worthwhile to put one of their sons to learning English. In this way he might become an interpreter and have a more advantageous position to enter the business and diplomatic world. I am wondering if that influenced my parents to put me into Mrs. Gutzlaff’s school. As to what other sequences it has eventually brought about in my later life, they were entirely left in the hands of God.

1.How was the author admitted to Mrs. Gutzlaff’s school?

A. Through his father’s request.

B. Through his father’s friend’s help.

C. Through his own efforts at exams.

D. Through Mrs. Gutzlaff’s influence.

2.Why did the author’s parents put him into an English school?

A. It met with Chinese public opinion.

B. An English school was more influential.

C. He could become a successful interpreter.

D. Foreign trade with China was developing fast.

3.What did the author think of his parents’ decision to put him into an English school?

A. It was skeptical. B. It was wonderful.

C. It was thoughtful. D. It was mysterious.

4.What does the underlined word “sequences” in the last sentence probably mean?

A. Results. B. Orders.

C. Series. D. Progress.

Chopsticks

1. When chopsticks were invented?

In fact, before the invention of chopsticks, Chinese ancestors actually used hands to eat, but how did they eat soup and porridge? 1. Chinese started to use chopsticks about 3,000 years ago in Shang Dynasty.

2. Who invented chopsticks?

The records of using chopsticks have been found in many written books but lack physical evidence. However many stories are about the invention of chopsticks. One says that Jiang Ziya, an ancient wise man, created chopsticks. 2. But there is no exact history record about the invention. We can only say that smart ancient Chinese invented chopsticks.

3. How to use Chinese chopsticks?

Using two slim sticks to pick up food is actually not difficult. You can do it if you practice it for some time, even if you are a foreigner. The key to managing chopsticks is keeping one chopstick in position while moving the other to pick up food. 3.

4. Chopsticks Manners.

Chopsticks are usually held in the right hand, and left-handed chopstick use is considered as improper in China. Playing with chopsticks is thought to be impolite. 4.

5. The philosophy of Chinese chopsticks.

Chinese philosopher Confucius advised people to use chopsticks instead of knives because the metal knives remind people of cold weapons, which mean killing and violence.

6. A chopsticks-themed museum can be found in Shanghai.

If you are truly interested in chopsticks, you can pay a visit to the Shanghai Chopsticks Museum. The museum gathered more than 1,200 pairs of chopsticks from China, Korea, Japan and Thailand. 5.

A. Chopsticks were introduced to many other neighbor countries due to its lightness and convenience.

B. It is considered to be polite and thoughtful to pick up food for the elderly and children.

C. Bamboo chopsticks are most frequently used in Chinese daily life.

D. The oldest one was from the Tang Dynasty.

E. There also go around some other stories.

F. Remember to practice with patience.

G. They had to use sticks to eat them.

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