During my PE class I met a girl, who was in a grade younger than me. She was always 1 on the playground and I wondered why she had 2 to talk to. I was kind of a quiet girl myself, too, but I still had a few 3 . Over the whole year I would say "Hi" to her 4 sometimes she came to me and we 5 whatever sports we liked most.

Whenever she came over I made it my 6 to make her laugh. I paid most of my 7 to her and not to my other friends because I saw them playing together 8 over there. Then, the 9 day of school year came around, I walked with her on the playground. I asked her why she was so quiet. She told me her father left her 10 and her. Her mother was always crying at home. 11 this, I said nothing for a while. Then what I could do was __12__ her to forget unhappiness and believe tomorrow is 13 . One day I told her I was leaving for high school. Hearing this she asked me not to 14 her. She told me that she had no other friends and I was her only one. Then, she told me that she would 15 me if I was in the high school. I 16 that I would go back to see her twice a week. Hearing my promise, her face 17 with smiles.

People lose friends all the time but wise people know how to 18 the friendship. So don’t ruin the 19 as time passed by. Remember that you are 20 to have a good friend.

1. A. happy B. sad C. shy D. quiet

2.A. somebody B. nobody C. anybody D. everybody

3. A. classmates B. schoolmates C. friends D. parents

4. A. and B. but C. so D. then

5. A. played B. watched C. talked D. studied

6.A. rule B. goal C. dream D. way

7.A. strength B. decision C. attention D. time

8. A. equally B. happily C. suddenly D. regularly

9.A. usual B. middle C. first D. last

10.A. mother B. brother C. sister D. family

11..A. Fixing B. Hearing C. Seeing D. Understanding

12. A. order B. force C. advice D. allow

13.A. newer B. greater C. sooner D. better

14.A. forget B. stop C. ask D. mind

15. A. help B. miss C. greet D. invite

16.A. realized B. guessed C. promised D. hoped

17. A. turned away B. gave off C. started out D. lit up

18.A. change B. see C. appreciate D. treasure

19. A. success B. question C. friendship D. agreement

20.A. lucky B. important C. right D. free












Cicero wrote that, "There is nothing more fatal to friendship than the greed of gain." Although a popular sentiment, it’s a deeply mistaken one.

Think about the friends you have. Try to make yourself aware of what you enjoy about those friends — that is, how they make your life better than it would otherwise be without them. You’ll probably come up with something like this: "Jack makes me laugh; I love his sense of humor." Or "Sue is really dedicated to her work, and well-organized. I really admire that. It inspires me to do the same." Or "Bill was really there for me when my mother died. I really like how supportive he can be."

You get the idea? And there’s no sin in this fact! The notion of "getting something out" of friends has been given a bad name, for two reasons. One reason is that the phrase is commonly associated with material gain, as in business, rather than psychological gain.

It is true, of course, that the gain you obtain from a friendship is not the same as the gain you obtain from, say, getting a paycheck at your job; or selling your stock for a million dollars. If you engaged in the excuse that you enjoyed a "friend" for his personal qualities, when in fact you want to know him only for contacts or for money, then you would be guilty of a fraud. But it’s fraud and excuse which are wrong; not getting something out of a relationship which is wrong.

The other reason people don’t like to associate friendship with self-interest is the widely held, though false, belief that self-interest is wrong. Yet it isn’t. The burden of proof should be on people who claim that self-interest is wrong to prove their point; yet nobody can. It’s something which is just assumed. It’s taken as an obvious truth, like "the sky is blue". Yet, unlike "the sky is blue" (for which there is overwhelming evidence), there is no evidence at all to support the notion that gaining something from a friendship is wrong. As I just illustrated, it’s a premise(假定) which is completely not consistent with simple observation of everyday life.

Try to imagine being friends with someone whom you don’t like: someone who is humorless; someone who is lazy and inefficient, and a liar; someone who shrugs and walks away when you mention your mother just passed away. Should we tolerate such qualities in others in the name of selflessness? If you answered "yes", most would be ready to put you into a mental hospital for insanity; or, at a minimum, refer you to a psychotherapist for "self-esteem issues". Yet, in the abstract, many of us persist in claiming (along with Cicero) that "greed" and gain are completely at odds with friendship. In truth, we all gain from friendship. If we didn’t, there would be no point in having friends in the first place.

1.Which of the following can best summarize the main idea of the passage?

A. A faithful friend is hard to find.

B. Without a friend, the world is a wilderness.

C. A hedge between keeps friendship green.

D. Friendship is selfish.

2.By the examples in Paragraph 2, the writer tries to convince us that .

A. friends will surely come to our help when we are in trouble

B. we like our friends because we get something out of them

C. we cannot have too many friends

D. without friends our life will be difficult

3.The underlined word "sin" in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by " ".

A. fault B. sense C. reason D. good

4.What makes people think getting something out of friends is wrong is that .

A. it has something to do with psychological gain

B. it is just an excuse

C. it contradicts simple observation of everyday life

D. it is linked to self-interest








我与Paul Newman之间的深厚友情




(2017·新课标全国卷II,B)I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn’t want me for the film — it wanted somebody as well known as Paul — he stood up for me. I don’t know how many people would have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers.

The friendship that grew out of the experience of making that film and The Sting four years later had its root in the fact that although there was an age difference, we both came from a tradition of theater and live TV. We were respectful of craft(技艺)and focused on digging into the characters we were going to play. Both of us had the qualities and virtues that are typical of American actors: humorous, aggressive, and making fun of each other— but always with an underlying affection. Those were also at the core(核心)of our relationship off the screen.

We shared the brief that if you’re fortunate enough to have success, you should put something back— he with his Newman’s Own food and his Hole in the Wall camps for kids who are seriously ill, and me with Sundance and the institute and the festival. Paul and I didn’t see each other all that regularly, but sharing that brought us together. We supported each other financially and by showing up at events.

I last saw him a few months ago. He’d been in and out of the hospital. He and I both knew what the deal was, and we didn’t talk about it. Ours was a relationship that didn’t need a lot of words.

1.Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to the author at first?

A. Paul Newman wanted it.

B. The studio powers didn’t like his agent.

C. He wasn’t famous enough.

D. The director recommended someone else.

2.Why did Paul and the author have a lasting friendship?

A. They were of the same age.

B. They worked in the same theater.

C. They were both good actors.

D. They had similar characteristics.

3.What does the underlined word "that" in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Their belief.

B. Their care for children.

C. Their success.

D. Their support for each other.

4.What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A. To show his love of films.

B. To remember a friend.

C. To introduce a new movie.

D. To share his acting experience.













In1973, I was teaching elementary school. Each day, 27 kids 41 "The Thinking Laboratory." That was the __42__ students voted for after deciding that "Room 104" was too 43 .

Freddy was an average 44 ,but not an average person. He had the rare balance of fun and compassion(同情). He would 45 the loudest over fun and be the saddest over anyone’ 46 .

Before the school year 47 , I gave the kids a special 48 , T-shirts with the words "Verbs Are Your __49__" on them. I had advised the kids that while verbs(动词)may seem dull, most of the 50 things they do throughout their lives will be verbs.

Through the years, I’d run into former students who would provide 51 on old classmates. I learned that Freddy did several jobs after his 52 from high school and remained the same 53 person I met forty years before. Once, while working overnight at a store, he let a homeless man 54 in his truck. Another time, he __55__ a friend money to buy a house.

Just last year, I was 56 a workshop when someone knocked at the classroom door. A woman __57__ the interruption and handed me an envelope. I stopped teaching and 58 it up. Inside were the "Verbs" shirt and a __58__ from Freddy’s mother. "Freddy passed away on Thanksgiving. He wanted you to have this."

I told the story to the class. As sad as it was, I couldn’t help smiling. Although Freddy was taken from us, we all 60 something from Freddy.

1.A. built B. entered C. decorated D. ran

2. A. name B. rule C. brand D. plan

3.A. small B. dark C. strange D. dull

4. A. scholar B. student C. citizen D. worker

5.A. speak B. sing C. question D. laugh

6.A. misfortune B. disbelief C. dishonesty D. mistake

7.A. changed B. approached C. returned D. ended

8. A. lesson B. gift C. report D. message

9.A. Friends B. Awards C. Masters D. Tasks

10.A. simple B. unique C. fun D. clever

11.A. assessments B. comments C. instructions D. updates

12.A. graduation B. retirement C. separation D. resignation

13. A. daring B. modest C. caring D. smart

14.A. wait B. sleep C. study D. live

15.A. paid B. charged C. lent D. owed

16. A. observing B. preparing C. designing D. conducting

17.A. regretted B. avoided C. excused D. ignored

18.A. opened B. packed C. gave D. held

19. A. picture B. bill C. note D. diary

20.A. chose B. took C. expected D. borrowed


阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C和D) 中,选出最佳选项。

“Who can ever have imagined that someone like me would make it this far?” asked Chad Wood last week during his high school graduation speech as the best student. Chad offered 1 to his fellow classmates to never give up—and the words 2 much more to himself. That’s because Chad is deaf, and he told the story of the serious troubles he 3 to graduate first in his class at Harrison High school in Kennesaw, Georgia.

Chad didn’t start to 4 until he was 5, according to his mother, Pam Wood. Although her son was 5 a disadvantage, she was determined not to treat him 6 .“I’ve expected him to do everything every other kid does, and I saw no 7 why he couldn’t,” she told ABC News. “And if he 8 the first time, we just tried again.”

Chad, 17, worked hard throughout school, 9 no special treatment but sitting at the front of the class and using a special audio system so he could hear the teacher. All his hard work 10 . He received full school fare to Vanderbilt University. “Deafness had taught me a lesson to never 11 ,” he said in the speech. “Not when the experts tell you it cannot be done. Not when you have 12 so far behind that escaping seems the only way 13 . Not when achieving your dreams seems an entire 14 .”

Chad spoke for about four minutes, after which he received a standing applause from the class and 15 messages from family, friends and strangers. “They’ve been sending me messages on Facebook, email; they’ve been talking to me in person telling me how it had a 16 on their lives and how they’re really 17 by it,” Chad told ABC News. “It feels 18 . Seeing that my words 19 have a power on someone and that they want to work harder 20 my words makes me feel wonderful.”

1.A. warning B. description C. advice D. information

2.A. analysed B. meant C. recognized D. persuaded

3.A. needed B. faced C. consisted D. foresaw

4.A. cry B. write C. smell D. hear

5.A. at B. for C. under D. by

6.A. deadly B. kindly C. differently D. similarly

7.A. harm B. reason C. trouble D. conclusion

8.A. failed B. organized C. succeed D. blamed

9.A. receive B. receiving C. to receive D. received

10.A. set off B. dropped off C. took off D. paid off

11.A. give in B. give up C. give out D. give away

12.A. waited B. walked C. fallen D. gone

13.A. up B. off C. in D. out

14.A. impossibility B. success C. victory D. possibility

15.A. scientific B. negative C. supportive D. cautious

16.A. reward B. power C. source D. detail

17.A. defeated B. exposed C. educated D. puzzled

18.A. unwilling B. amazing C. shocking D. embarrassing

19.A. actually B. suddenly C. strangely D. extremely

20. A. apart from B. according to C. instead of D. because of

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