(2015 • 湖北卷)The team are working hard to ________ the problem so that they can find the best solution.
A. face B. prevent
C. raise D. analyze
(2016 • 浙江卷改编)The study suggests that the cultures we ________(grow) in influence the basic processes by which we see world around us.
Things to Do in London
For things to see and do, visitors to London have endless options. Whether you’re visiting for several days or just wanting a taste of this great city, here’s how to make the most of your time.
The London’s Eye
The London’s Eye is a 135-metre-high observation wheel. Opened in 2000, it immediately became one of the city’s most recognisable landmarks（地标）. Thirty-two capsules, each holding up to 25 people, take a gentle half-hour round trip. On a clear day, the Eye affords a unique 40-kilometre view, which sweeps over the capital in all directions.
Location: South Bank of the River Thames
The British Museum
The British Museum was established in 1753 to house the collections of the physician Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753), who also helped create the Chelsea Physic Garden. Sloane’s collections have been added to by gifts and purchases from all over the world. Robert Smirke designed the main part of the building, but the architectural highlight（亮点）is Norman Foster’s Great Court, with the world-famous Reading Room at its centre.
Location: Great Russel Street
Houses of Parliament（国会）
For over 500 years the Palace of Westminster has been the seat of the two Houses of Parliament. The building was designed by architect Sir Charles Barry. Westminster Hall is the only surviving part of the original Palace of Westminster, dating back to 1097.
The national Gallery
In 1824 the British government was persuaded to buy 38 major paintings, and these became the start of a national collection. Today, it has a collection of some 2,300 Western European paintings. The mian gallery building was designed by William Wilkins and finally opened in 1838.
Location: Trafalgar Square
1.We know from the text that Sir Hans Sloane .
A. designed the Chelsea Physic Garden
B. loved to read in the British Museum’s Great Court
C. contributed to the foundation of the British Museum
D. bought many collections after the British Museum opened
2.If you want to enjoy an overall view of London, you may go to .
A. South Bank of the River Thames
B. Great Russell Street
C. Trafalgar Square
3.Which of the following has the longest history?
A. The London Eye.
B. The British Museum.
C. The National Gallery.
D. Houses of parliament.
While I was teaching in China, I became interested in acupuncture（针灸）. It was after returning from China and witnessing how successful it had been that I reached the decision to become an acupuncturist myself. I was lucky to discover that the town where I lived had a famous college of traditional acupuncture.
Alternative medicine such as acupuncture is particularly important for me because I firmly believe that it works on the level of body, mind and spirit. This is very different from Western medicine which is supposed to work only on the body. When a person is ill, it is believed that there’s something in their life that is putting their energy levels out of balance. What alternative therapies（疗法）try do to is kelp to gradually push that energy back into balance. The result is that any disease present might naturally disappear as it cannot survive when energies are balanced.
I’ve treated a wide range of people for various conditions, for example people suffering from stress and anxiety. To acquire a qualification in acupuncture, I took a course that lasted three years. I had to go to the college about one weekend in three. I also had a large amount of homework and practical work to do, which I did two or three evenings a week. This involved locating pints on different people. As you can imagine, this isn’t straightforward as people are of different sizes and have differently shaped bodies.
In the future I hope to set up an alternative health clinic which will involve myself as an acupuncturist but perhaps other people as well. I’d like to work with people who provide treatments such as rubbing（按摩）and pressing people’s feet in a special way to help them relax and feel well. I’d like to set it up somewhere in the countryside, where people could feel free from the stress of life.
1.The author decides to learn acupuncture .
A. when he was teaching in China
B. when he was studying in college
C. after he came back to his mother country
D. after he discovered an acupuncture school
2.What does the author think of acupuncture?
A. It prevents disease.
B. It treats people as a whole.
C. It has an immediate effect.
D. It helps improve people’s lives.
3.The acupuncture course the author took was .
A. time-consuming and challenging
B. learner-centered and effective
C. difficult but interesting
D. painful but helpful
4.What do the underlined words “other people” in the last paragraph refer to?
A. Other acupuncturists.
B. Other alternative therapists.
C. Other doctors who use Western medicine.
D. Other people who want to escape fro stress.
All American dollar bills（纸币）weigh the same, they’re the same size, and they’re made of the same material. “There are no physical marks for those with vision（视力）loss, who need an effective means of knowing how much it is, a $1 or a $100?” explains Vencer Cotton, director of technology and training at the Columbia Lighthouse for the Bind in Washington D.C.
NOW there is something that comes pretty close. Meet the iBill, a piece of plastic about the size of a large cigarette lighter. Equipped with one AAA battery, a couple of buttons and a speaker, the iBill is designed to be simple. A narrow opening allows for a U..S. Bill to be placed inside and upon scanning, it will say the amount the bill is worth. However, even though the iBill can do that job for you, it doesn’t mean it’ll tell you if a bill is real or even how much you have.
Created by Orbit Research, it will be the first money reader distributed by the U.S.Bureau of engraving and Printing (BEP). THE BUREAU WILL SOON BE SHIPPING iBills, free of charge, across the country. “It is my No. 1 choice,” Cotton says of the iBill, especially when it comes to sorting money as fast as possible.”
There are actually a bunch of apps（应用程序）that can do what the iBill ca, made convenient by the iPhone’s voiceover functions. In particular, EyeNote was also developed by the U.S. BEP to help distinguish bills. Another app, called LookTel, offers recognition for a large number of countries’ bills and VisionHunt distinguishes different kinds of bills and offers many tools to the blind. “But a lot of blind people can’t afford an iPhone,” says Shawn Callaway, president of the National Federation of the Blind of Washington D.C.
1.The iBill was invented to .
A. pay for things at certain shops
B. help children sort out their money
C. help the blind recognize their money
D. tell whether a dollar bill is real or not
2.What can we learn about the iBill?
A. It is unbreakable.
B. It can’t calculate.
C. It can light a cigarette.
D. It costs a lot of money.
3.Compared with other apps, the iBill .
A. is much easier for poor people to accept
B. offers more useful functions to the blind
C. is the only one developed by the U.S. BEP
D. can tell the differences between many foreign bills
4.What is the purpose of this text?
A. To encourage people to help the blind.
B. To talk about American dollar bills.
C. To ask people to buy the iBill.
D. To introduce a hi-tech tool.
Most parents and teachers want children to be happy. To that end, parents find themselves doing things for kids to make them happy, like buying gifts, taking them for ice cream, playing games together, or helping with homework.
Teachers are constantly doing things for children, too, like bringing treats to class, planning fun trips, and supporting students in other immeasurable ways.
Do acts of kindness toward children make us happier parents and teachers? Of course they do.
Unfortunately, we don’t make children happy by simply enabling them to be receivers of kindness. We increase their feelings of happiness and well-being by teaching them to be givers of kindness.
The truth is that children are born to be altruistic. But somewhere between birth and 4th grade, they are socialized to think more about themselves than others.
How do we change this and improve children’s well-being?
A recent study, Kindness Counts, conducted by researchers from the University of British Columbia and the University of California, broke new ground by showing the benefits gained by teens when they were taught happiness-increasing skills.
For a month, several hundred 9-11-year-olds performed and recorded three acts of kindness each week for anyone they wished. Another several hundred kept track of three pleasant places they visited during the week.
Not surprisingly, the results were consistent with adult studies. When kids performed acts of kindness or took notice of the pleasant places they visited during the week, they significantly increased feelings of happiness and satisfaction.
But hose who performed acts of kindness received an additional benefit. Measuring how well children were liked or accepted by their peers（同伴）, the study showed those who performed acts of kindness gained an average of 1.5 friends during the four-week period ---- good support for the idea that “nice guys finish first.”
1.What do most parents and teachers do to make children happy?
A. Do good deeds for them.
B. Take them to see funny things.
C. Teach them the secret of happiness.
D. Develop their happiness-increasing skills.
2.The underlined word “altruistic” in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to “ ”.
A. optimistic B. energetic
C. curious D. generous
3.What can be concluded from the study?
A. Children can change their attitude easily.
B. Happy people are likely to do good deeds.
C. Acts of kindness are the key to happiness.
D. Visits to places lead to much more happiness.
4.What does the underlined part “additional benefit” in the last paragraph refer to?
A. Winning support from teachers.
B. Broadening their social circle.
C. Showing respect for others.
D. Getting higher test scores.
Often during a conversation I’ll get the question. “Where have you traveled?” I’m always a little hesitant to answer because travel is typically viewed as going somewhere abroad and my travels haven’t exactly consisted of going abroad. 1. Travel is experienced when you ...
1. Step out of your comfort zone.
Have you ever heard of the saying “Life begins at the end of your comfort zone.”? The same goes for travel. You cannot travel unless you get planning! But the act of stepping out of your comfort zone doesn’t just stop once you’ve finished planning. 2. You have to let yourself be involved in whatever experience may come your way to really experience the beauty of travel.
2. Open your mind.
Wherever your destination may be, you need to arrive with an open mind. You’re going to be experiencing new sights, cultures, foods, maybe even languages. 3. Be open to trying new things, be open to understanding and be open to accepting. More importantly, open your mind to learning. You will learn so much more than you’ve ever dreamed of learning in a classroom.
Through experience, travel can really help you reflect on who you are as a person, what sights your heart responds to and what cultures have powerful influences on you. You begin to realize through the different experiences you find just how capable you really are. Traveling is not about the journey to the destination; it’s about the journey you take into yourself. 5.
A. Discover yourself.
B. Experience something new.
C. It continues throughout your travels.
D. Travel can be experienced in the next city, state or country.
E. You become equipped with a new pair of eyes and a more accurate sense of self.
F. What I want to share with you is that travel is not experienced by your destination.
G. You can’t learn to see the beauty within them unless you view them with an open mind.
When I was growing up my dad would often give me small tasks to finish to help out around the house. Some were easy but the three I remember the most were the three ______ of all. The first was helping to weed the four
____ we had. It was ______ work. I would rather ride my bike than crawl in the dirt on my hands and knees
____ the thousands of weeds in our gardens. The second was piling firewood for ______. It was tough work and I got more than my share of pieces. I would rather walk in the woods than piling it in rows. The third was _______water from a mountain spring to our house ______ our well water had too much iron in it to ______.
Over the years, though, I learned to see the ______ in all the things my dad had made me do. Having fresh vegetables for dinner was a delight. ______ a cold glass of iced tea made from the mountain spring water was a pure ______. Standing by the wood stove on a snowy December day was a wonderful way to ______. I saw as well that all this work my dad had given me had ______ made me a better, stronger and more caring man. Most of all, I ______ that when I did my work with a(n) ______ heart, it didn’t feel like work at all.
Over the years I have learned something else too. When we do the work for our Heavenly Father with a _______spirit, it doesn’t feel like work, either. It feels like that every act of ______, word of encouragement, and gift of love we share will only make our lives ______, make our hearts happier, and bring our souls closer to Heaven.
I am so ______ to both my dad and my Father in Heaven. They showed me the ______ of work and more importantly they showed me the pricelessness of love.
1.A. simplest B. most suitable C. most awesome D. toughest
2.A. basements B. armchairs C. gardens D. streets
3.A. awful B. elegant C. bound D. noisy
4.A. operating B. scanning C. pushing D. pulling
5.A. staff B. holiday C. winter D. accommodation
6.A. distributing B. dragging C. carrying D. conducting
7.A. because B. unless C. otherwise D. but
8.A. boil B. obtain C. undertake D. drink
9.A. regulations B. attention C. rewards D. superiors
10.A. Seizing B. Enjoying C. Performing D. Reforming
11.A. desire B. challenge C. significance D. pleasure
12.A. dry up B. warm up C. stay up D. keep up
13.A. merely B. immediately C. gradually D. temporarily
14.A. remembered B. recommended C. regretted D. realized
15.A. ambitious B. happy C. brae D. modest
16.A. loving B. competing C. outgoing D. punishing
17.A. witness B. curiosity C. kindness D. sympathy
18.A. richer B. better C. worse D. poorer
19.A. kind B. lucky C. grateful D. vivid
20.A. key B. way C. aim D. value
Extremely handsome and athletic, Will looked and dressed like a fashion model. Everything seemed to be easy to him. With his charm, 1. (intelligent), and talents, his business was lively and success was a way of life. So when 2. (face) with a lawsuit（诉讼）one day, Will assumed 3. the case would work out as 4. (easy) as everything in his life and he didn’t worry about it. But it didn’t and the suit finally led to the breakup of his company. He tried for months afterward to get 5. job, but no one would hire him.
Will had to learn that his talents were wonderful but were damaged by an attitude of arrogance（傲慢）. He looked down on people6.didn’t have his gifts,7. (treat) them with impatience and annoyance. He felt superior to them and judged them as worthless or stupid. Will made sense of his situation and elected 8.(learn) the lesson of modesty and at last he turned9. (he) circumstances around.
Have pride in who you are and what you 10. (accomplish) so far. However, if you find yourself having secret of arrogance, remind yourself of the lesson of modesty before the universe does it for you.
1.This kind of forest exists ____________（无处；到处都无）else in the world.
2.He has been _____________（轻打；轻敲）his fingers on the table for some time, which indicates that something is bothering him.
3.If someone __________________（妥协；折衷）with you, it means he has decided to give up something he originally wanted.
4.We were within a few miles of home when the accident _____________（发生；出现）.
5.______________________（不管；不顾）of where we are and what we are doing, we want access to our data.
6.When she heard the news, the cup in her hand ______________（滑行；滑倒）down onto the floor.
7.They also focus on deeper, more important qualities that are ___________________（有益的；受益的）to society.
8.He often asked me the question whether this law needed to be ________________（改革；革新）.
9.What’s more, a great many workers have _________________（罢工）for a pay increase of 6%.
10.In some places, women may not walk down a public street at night without being _______________（陪伴；伴奏）by a man.
11.Without _______________________（捐赠）blood most of illnesses would have probably been cureless.
12.Many of these tools have been specially _______________（使适应；改编）for use by disabled people.
13.The course teaches you the theory but there’s no ___________________________（代替者；代用品）for practical experience.
14.Everyone should be ________________（意识到的；知道的）of these factors and how they affect the most important ares of their social life.
15.He is getting married again, after two ____________（离婚）, so he obviously hasn’t profited by his experiences.