I’m sure you know the song “Happy Birthday”. But do you know who wrote the song and for whom it was written?

The retired professor, Archibald A. Hill in Lucasville, USA could tell us the story. Ninety-seven years ago, two of Mr. Archibald Hill’s aunts, Miss Patty Hill and Miss Mildred Hill were asked to write some songs for a book called “Song Storied for the Sunday Morning”. Miss Patty Hill and Miss Mildred Hill were both kindergarten teachers then. They loved children very much and wrote many beautiful songs for the book. One of them was the famous “Good Morning to You.” The song said, “Good morning to you, good morning to you, dear children, good morning to all.” This song was very popular at that time among kindergarten children. But not many grown-ups knew it. A few years later little Archibald was born. As his aunt, Miss Patty Hill sang the song “Happy Birthday” to the melody(曲调)of “Good Morning to you” to her little nephew(侄子). She sang the song like this: Happy birthday to you! Happy birthday to you! Happy birthday, dear Archie! Happy birthday to you!

Miss Patty Hill and her sister had never expected that this song would become so popular, but it really did. People all over the world like the song because of its simplicity in tune(曲调简单)and friendliness in words.

1.Archibald A.Hill was __________.

A. English B. Russian

C. American D. Australian

2.Professor Archibald A. Hill was Miss Mildred Hill’s __________.

A. son B. student

C. brother D. nephew

3.The song “Happy Birthday” has a history of __________ years.

A. 97 B. about 90

C. more than 90 D. less than 90

4.Why did Miss Hiss wrote songs?

A. Because they are musicians.

B. Because they love children.

C. Because they were asked to write for a book.

D. Because their nephew asked them to do so.

Hip hop or rap (说唱 ) music as it is also called, started on the street and in the clubs of the New York City in the 1970s . But today many countries have their own kind of hip hop music . This kind of music comes from reggae, disco and funk music . Rapping means speaking to the rhythm of the music, and it is an important part of the music . People rap to express how they feel about their lives and problems.

Rapping in class.

Would you like to rap in class? Well actually, hip pop music is played in more than 10,000 schools in the USA .Why ? There is a new school program called “Flocabulary ”in which teachers use texts and hip hop CDs to help teach different school subjects . The words of the songs are just what students are studying . This makes learning easy and fun . Students and teachers are excited about the positive results it has had on exam marks. One teacher said, “ I’ve used hip hop songs in class, and I have never seen my students so crazy about history ! You can't imagine how well they imagine how well they remember what I teach ! We even try to write our own songs . ”

Whose idea was Flocabulary?

Blake Harrison, a high school student, was the first person to come up with the idea of Flocabulary . The word “ Flocabulary ” comes from the word “ flow ” and “ vocabulary ” . “ Flow ” is a rap word for “ style ”,or the way a rapper says the words of a song . “ Vocabulary ” means the words you have to learn in a language . How did he get the idea ? Well, he realized he could remember the words of a hip hop song very easily . So, why not make lessons into songs? Today together with Alex Rappaport, a song writer, Blake produces hip hop songs for maths, science and literature (文学 ). They are now used in schools with great success.

1.Rap music started ________ in New York city .

A. in the 1970s B. In a high school

C. in the 19 th century . D. In a music class .

2.From the passage, we can learn “Flocabulary ” is a program to ________.

A. Write rap music B. Sing a song by talking

C. Remember the words of a song D. help teach some school subjects

3.The underlined word “positive” in paragraph 2 most probably means ________.

A. bad B. good

C. final D. direct

4.Blake Harrison has produced hip hop songs for school subject EXCEPT ________.

A. maths B. science

C. history D. literature

I began to grow up that winter night when my parents and I were returning from my aunt’s house, and my mother said that we might soon be leaving for America. We were on the bus then. I was crying, and some people on the bus were turning around to look at me. I remember that I could not bear the thought of never hearing again the radio program for school children to which I listened every morning.

I do not remember myself crying for this reason again. In fact, I think I cried very little when I was saying goodbye to my friends and relatives. When we were leaving I thought about all the places I was going to see—the strange and magical places I had known only from books and pictures. The country I was leaving and never to come back was hardly in my head then.

The four years that followed taught me the importance of optimism(乐观), but the idea did not come to me at once. For the first two years in New York I was really lost—having to study in three schools as a result of family moves. I did not quite know what I was or what I should be. Mother remarried, and things became even more complex for me. Some time passed before my stepfather and I got used to each other. I was often sad, and saw no end to “the hard times.”

My responsibilities in the family increased a lot since I knew English better than everyone else at home. I wrote letters, filled out forms, translated at interviews with Immigration officers(移民局官员), took my grandparents to the doctor and translated there, and even discussed telephone bills with company representatives.

From my experiences I have learned one important rule: Almost all common troubles go away at last! Something good is certain to happen in the end when you do not give up, and just wait a little! I believe that my life will turn out all right, even though it will not be that easy.

1.How did the author get to know America?

A. From radio programs B. From books and pictures

C. From her mother D. From her relatives

2.Upon leaving for America the author felt __________.

A. excited B. confused

C. worried D. amazed

3.For the first two years in New York, the author __________.

A. often lost her way

B. did not think about her future

C. studied in three different schools

D. got on well with her stepfather

4.What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 4?

A. She worked as a translator.

B. She attended a lot of job interviews.

C. She paid telephone bills for her family.

D. She helped her family with her English.

Mr. Jackson was tired of living in his old house in the countryside and wanted to sell it and buy a better one. He tried to sell it for a long time, but was not successful, so at last he decided to go to an estate agent.

The agent advertised (登广告) the house straight away, and a few days later, the owner saw a very beautiful photograph of his house, with a wonderful description of his garden in an expensive magazine.

Having read the advertisement through, the house owner hurried to phone the estate agent, saying, “I’m sorry, Mr. Jones, but I’ve decided not to sell my house after all.” “Why?” the agent asked in a surprised voice. “Because from the advertisement in that magazine I can see it’s just the kind of house I’ve wanted to live in all my life.”

1.Mr. Jackson wanted to sell his house because .

A. he needed some money to support his family

B. his house was too old to live in

C. he wanted some money to buy a new one

D. he didn’t want to live in the house any longer

2.The reason why Mr. Jackson went to the estate agent was .

A. he had failed in selling his house by himself

B. he wanted the estate agent to help him to get a good price

C. he was sure that the estate agent could help him

D. he wanted the estate to advertise his house in the magazine

3.At last Mr. Jones .

A. was successful in selling the house

B. felt sorry to have lost a sale by his doing too good a job

C. was satisfied with what he had done in the advertisement

D. didn’t understand why Mr. Jackson had changed his mind

I have a friend named Monty Roberts who owns a horse ranch (大牧场). The last time I was there he told me a story about ______.

He was the son of a horse trainer who used to go from ranch to ranch, training horses. As a result, the boy’s high school career was continually ______. When he was a senior, he was ______ to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he ______.

He wrote a seven-page ______ describing his goal of someday ______ a large horse ranch and handed it to his ______. Two days later he received his paper back. On the front page was a large red F with a note ______, “See me after class.”

Monty went to see the teacher and asked, “______ did I receive an F?”

The teacher said, “This is an unrealistic (不可实现的) dream for a young boy like you. There is no way you can ever do it. If you ______ this paper with a more realistic goal I will reconsider your grade.”

The boy went home and thought about it ______ and hard. He asked his father what he should do. His father said, “Look, son, you have to ______ your own mind on this. However, I think it is a very important ______ for you.” Finally, after sitting with it for a week, the boy turned in the _____ paper. He stated, “You can keep the F and I’ll keep my ______.”

“The ______ part of the story is that two summers ago the same schoolteacher brought 30 kids to camp out on my ranch for a week.” Monty went on with the story, “When the teacher was ______ he said, ‘Monty, I can tell you this now. When I was your teacher, I was ______ of a dream stealer. During those years I stole a lot of kids’ dreams. ______ you had enough courage not to give up on yours.’”

“Don’t let anyone ______ your dreams. Follow your dream, no matter what happens,” Monty added.

1.A. himself B. myself C. his father D. his teacher

2.A. made B. interrupted C. completed D. begun

3.A. given B. agreed C. asked D. taught

4.A. grew up B. brought up C. got up D. went up

5.A. story B. paper C. information D. newspaper

6.A. selling B. handing C. buying D. owing

7.A. teacher B. father C. classmate D. companion

8.A. writing B. reading C. speaking D. showing

9.A. When B. Why C. Where D. What

10.A. reread B. repeat C. rewrite D. retell

11.A. soon B. wide C. long D. enough

12.A. take up B. keep up C. give up D. make up

13.A. grade B. decision C. choice D. composition

14.A. rewritten B. good C. same D. printed

15.A. dream B. word C. promise D. impression

16.A. bad B. best C. worst D. most

17.A. coming B. laughing C. looking D. leaving

18.A. thing B. anything C. nothing D. something

19.A. Happily B. Luckily C. Sadly D. Easily

20.A. realize B. share C. steal D. keep


人口与位置:120 万;云南南部西双版纳(Xishuangbanna)。

历史与文化:最早种植水稻(plant rice)的民族;有自己的语言;“傣”的含义为:“自由”,“人类”;文字和汉字不同。

生活:主食是大米,牛肉,鸡肉,鸭子duck,鱼和虾fish and shrimp;妇女服装种类多样a variety of styles.,主要色调多为白色,天蓝色(skyblue)和粉色pink;男士常穿马甲wear short jackets。


相关词汇:关门节:the DoorClosing Festival

开门节:the DoorOpening Festival

泼水节:the WaterSplashing Festival










Pacific Science Center Guide

◆Visit Pacific Science Center’s Store

Don’t forget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or remember your visit. The store is located(位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laster Dome.


Our exhibits will feed your mind but what about your body? Our café offers a complete menu of lunch and snack options, in addition to seasonal specials. The café is located upstairs in Building 1 and is open daily until one hour before Pacific Science Center closes.

◆Rental Information

Lockers are available to store any belongings during your visit. The lockers are located in Building 1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available to rent at the Information Desk and Denny Way entrance. ID required.

◆Support Pacific Science Center

Since 1962 Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion(热情) for discovery and lifelong learning in science, math and technology. Today Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million people a year and beings inquiry-based science education to classrooms and community events all over Washington State. It’s an amazing accomplishment and one we cannot achieve without generous support from individuals, corporations, and other social organizations. Wish pacificorganzier.org to find various ways you can support Pacific Science Center.

1.Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center?

A. In Building 1.

B. In Building 3.

C. At the last Dome.

D. At the Denny Way entrance.

2.What does Pacific Science Center do for schools?

A. Train Science teachers.

B. Disncie scicnce books.

C. Distribute scientific research.

D. Take science to the classroom.

3.What is the purpose of the last part of the text?

A. To encourage donations.

B. To advertise coming events.

C. To introduce special exhibits.

D. To tell about the Center’s history.

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