I work with Volunteers for Wildlife, a rescue and education organization at Bailey Arboretum in Locust Valley. Trying to help injured, displaced or sick creatures can be heartbreaking; survival is never certain. However, when it works, it is simply beautiful.
I got a rescue call from a woman in Muttontown. She had found a young owl(猫头鹰) on the ground. When I arrived, I saw a 2-to 3-week-old owl. It had already been placed in a carrier for safety.
I examined the chick(雏鸟) and it seemed fine. If I could locate the nest, I might have been able to put it back, but no luck. My next work was to construct a nest and anchor it in a tree.
The homeowner was very helpful. A wire basket was found. I put some pine branches into the basket to make this nest safe and comfortable. I placed the chick in the nest, and it quickly calmed down.
Now all that was needed were the parents, but they were absent. I gave the homeowner a recording of the hunger screams of owl chicks. These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might also encourage our chick to start calling as well. I gave the owner as much information as possible and headed home to see what news the night might bring.
A nervous night to be sure,but sometimes the spirits of nature smile on us all! The homeowner called to say that the parents had responded to the recordings. I drove over and saw the chick in the nest looking healthy and active. And it was accompanied in the nest by manfen5 the greatest sight of all — LUNCH! The parents had done their duty and would probably continue to do so.
1.What is unavoidable in the author’s rescue work according to paragraph 1?
A. Efforts made in vain.
B. Getting injured in his work.
C. Feeling uncertain about his future.
D. Creatures forced out of their homes.
2.Why was the author called to Muttontown?
A. To rescue a woman.
B. To take care of a woman.
C. To look at a baby owl.
D. To cure a young owl.
3.What made the chick calm down?
A. A new nest.
B. Some food.
C. A recording.
D. Its parents.
4.How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?
A. It’s unexpected.
B. It’s beautiful.
C. It’s humorous.
D. It’s discouraging.
Some of the world’s most famous musicians recently gathered in Paris and New Orleans to celebrate the first annual International Jazz Day. UNESCO( United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) recently set April 30 as a day to raise awareness of jazz music, its significance, and its potential as a unifying(联合) voice across cultures.
Despite the celebrations, though, in the U.S. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music has failed to connect with younger generations.
It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that. As the Kennedy Center’s artistic adviser for jazz, Moran hopes to widen the audience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history and culture.
“Jazz seems like it’s not really a part of the American appetite,” Moran tells National Public Radio’s reporter Neal Conan. “What I’m hoping to accomplish is that my generation and younger start to reconsider and understand that jazz is not black and write anymore. It’s actually color, and it’s actually digital.”
Moran says one of the problems with jazz today is that the entertainment aspect of the music has been lost. “The music can’t be presented today the way it was in 1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move, because the way the world works is not the same,” says Moran.
Last year, Moran worked on a project that arranged Fats Waller’s music for a dance party, “Just to kind of put it back in the mind that Waller is dance music as much as it is concert music,” says Moran. “For me, it’s the recontextualization. In music, where does the emotion(情感) lie? Are we, as humans, gaining any insight(感悟) on how to talk about ourselves and how something as abstract as a Charlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and our thoughts? Sometimes we lose sight that the music has a wider context,” says Moran, “so I want to continue those dialogues. Those are the things I want to foster.”
1.Why did UNESCO set April 30 as International Jazz Day?
A. To remember the birth of jazz.
B. To protect cultural diversity.
C. To encourage people to study music.
D. To recognize the value of jazz.
2.What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 3 refer to?
A. Jazz becoming more accessible.
B. The production of jazz growing faster.
C. Jazz being less popular with the young.
D. The jazz audience becoming larger.
3.What can we infer about Moran’s opinion on jazz?
A. It will disappear gradually.
B. It remains black and white.
C. It should keep up with the times.
D. It changes every 50 years.
4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. Exploring the Future of Jazz.
B. The Rise and Fall of Jazz.
C. The Story of a Jazz Musician.
D. Celebrating the Jazz Day.
A build-it-yourself solar still（蒸馏器） is one of the best ways to obtain drinking water in areas where the liquid is not readily available. Developed by two doctors in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it’s an excellent water collector. Unfortunately, you must carry the necessary equipment with you, since it’s all but impossible to find natural substitutes. The only components required, though, are a 5＇ 5＇ sheet of clear or slightly milky plastic, six feet of plastic tube, and a container— perhaps just a drinking cup — to catch the water. These pieces can be folded into a neat little pack and fastened on your belt.
To construct a working still, use a sharp stick or rock to dig a hole four feet across and three feet deep. Try to make the hole in a damp area to increase the water catcher’s productivity. Place your cup in the deepest part of the hole. Then lay the tube in place so that one end rests all the way in the cup and the rest of the line runs up — and out — the side of the hole.
Next, cover the hole with the plastic sheet, securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting the sheet’s center down with a rock. The plastic should now form a cone(圆锥体) with 45-degree-angled sides. The low point of the sheet must be centered directly over, and no more than three inches above, the cup.
The solar still works by creating a greenhouse under the plastic. Ground water evaporates (蒸发) and collects on the sheet until small drops of water form, run down the material and fall off into the cup. When the container is full, you can suck the refreshment manfen5 out through the tube, and won’t have to break down the still every time you need a drink.
1.What do we know about the solar still equipment from the first paragraph?
A. It’s delicate. B. It’s expensive.
C. It’s complex. D. It’s portable.
2.What does the underlined phrase “the water catcher” in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. The tube. B. The still.
C. The hole. D. The cup.
3.What’s the last step of constructing a working solar still?
A. Dig a hole of a certain size. B. Put the cup in place.
C. Weight the sheet’s center down. D. Cover the hole with the plastic sheet.
4.When a solar still works, drops of water come into the cup form .
A. the plastic tube B. outside the hole
C. the open air D. beneath the sheet
If anyone had told me three years ago that I would be spending most of my weekends camping. I would have laughed heartily. Campers, in my eyes, were people who enjoyed insect bites, ill-cooked meals, and uncomfortable sleeping bags. They had nothing in common with me. 1..
The friends who introduced me to camping thought that it meant to be a pioneer. 2. We sleep in a tent, cooked over an open fire, and walked a long distance to take the shower and use the bathroom. This brief visit with Mother Nature cost me two days off from work, recovering from a bad case of sunburn and the doctor’s bill for my son’s food poisoning.
I was, nevertheless, talked into going on another fun-filled holiday in the wilderness. 3. Instead, we had a pop-up camper with comfortable beds and an air conditioner. My nature-loving friends had remembered to bring all the necessities of life.
4. We have done a lot of it since. Recently, we bought a twenty-eight-foot travel trailer complete with a bathroom and a built-in TV set. There is a separate bedroom, a modern kitchen with a refrigerator. The trailer even has matching carpet and curtains.
5. It must be true that sooner or later, everyone finds his or her way back to nature. I recommend that you find your way in style.
A．This time there was no tent.
B．Things are going to be improved.
C．The trip they took me on was a rough one.
D．I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.
E．I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.
F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.
G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.
While high school does not generally encourage students to explore new aspects of life,college sets the stage for that exploration. I myself went through this______process and found something that has changed my______at college for the better:I discovered ASL-American Sign Language(美式手语).
I never felt an urge to______any sign language before.My entire family is hearing,and so are all my friends.The_______languages were enough in all my interactions(交往).Little did I know that I would discover my________for ASL.
The _______ began during my first week at college. I watched as the ASL Club ________ their translation of a song. Both the hand movements and the very _______ of communicating without speaking ______me. What I saw was completely unlike anything I had experienced in the _______.This newness just left me________more.
After that, feeling the need to ______ further, I decided to drop in on one of ASL club`s meetings. I only learned how to ______ the alphabet that day. Yet instead of being discouraged by my ______ progress,I was excited. I then made it a point to ______ those meetings and learn all I could.
The following term, I ______ an ASL class. The professor was deaf and any talking was _______. I soon realized that the silence was not unpleasant._______, if there had been any talking, it would have ______ us to learn less. Now, I appreciate the silence and the ______ way of communication it opens.
1.A. searching B. planning C. natural D. formal
2.A. progress B. experience C. major D. opinion
3.A. choose B. read C. learn D. create
4.A. official B. foreign C. body D. spoken
5.A. love B. concern C. goal D. request
6.A. meeting B. trip C. story D. task
7.A. recorded B. performed C. recited D. discussed
8.A. idea B. amount C. dream D. reason
9.A. disturbed B. supported C. embarrassed D. attracted
10.A. end B. past C. course D. distance
11.A. showing B. acting C. saying D. wanting
12.A. exercise B. explore C. express D. explain
13.A. print B. write C. sign D. count
14.A. slow B. steady C. normal D. obvious
15.A. chair B. sponsor C. attend D. organize
16.A. missed B. passed C. gave up D. registered for
17.A. prohibited B. welcomed C. ignored D. repeated
18.A. Lastly B. Thus C. Instead D. However
19.A. required B. caused C. allowed D. expected
20.A. easy B. popular C. quick D. new
There has been w recent I ret id in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less sail. This trend, which was stalled by the medical community (医学界)1. a method of fighting heart has disease, has bad some unintended side 2. (effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very the thing the medical community was trying to fight.
Eat and salt ate very important parts of a diet. They are required 3. (process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt 4. (remove) from food, the food tastes as if it is missing something. As 5. result, people will cat more food to try to make up for something missing. Even 6. (bad), the amount of fast food that people eat goes up. Fast food 7. (be) full of fat and salt; by 8. (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.
Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be 9. (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both,10. is not good for the health.
In the summer holiday following my eighteen birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, so once I started the car, my mind goes blank. I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “Turning left!” I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes late, the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle on the road.
With more than 100,000 people aged 100 or over, Spain is the country with the greatest life expectancy after Japan. How do you live to 100? Here 4 of the country’s centenarians (百岁老人) give their advice on staying youthful.
Francisco Nunez, 112
He is from Bienvenida, Badajoz, southern Spain. Nunez lives with his daughter. He says he doesn’t like the pensioners’ (领养老金的人) daycare center because it’s full of old people, whose negative attitude towards life affects him deeply sometimes. Despite his old age. he has always maintained (保持) a youthful outlook, and that is what has kept him going on.
Pedro Rodriguez, 106
He lives in Cangas de Onis, Asturias, northern Spain. Rodriguez plays the piano every day in the living room of the flat where he lives with his wife who is nearly 20 years younger than him. Their daughters visit them often. His hobby is something that he feels has kept him young. “The nuns (修女) taught me how to play the piano as a child,” he says.
Maximino San Miguel, 102
He lives in Leon, northern Spain. San Miguel discovered his passion (酷爱) for amateur dramatics at the age of 80 and has participated in many local productions. He didn’t go to school as a child because he was sent to work as a shepherd (牧羊人). He prefers reading books about drawing and travelling. Now this hobby, he said, has kept him full of energy.
Pilar Fernandez, 101
She lives with her daughter Pili, granddaughters Flori and Ana in Ambas, Asturias, northern Spain. Fernandez suffered hunger and hardship during the war years alongside her nine brothers and sisters. To avoid history repeating itself, she limited herself to just one child. “From pure fear, I didn’t have anymore,” says Fernandez. One of the best things for her health, she says, is tending livestock (家畜) and a vegetable garden.
1.Why does Francisco Nunez dislike living with other old people?
A. They may depend on his help.
B. He is sensitive to his old age.
C. They may affect his attitude to life.
D. He has more kids to look after at home.
2.What does Maximino San Miguel want to do most in his life now?
A. Working as a shepherd. B. Reading books.
C. Taking up painting. D. Going travelling.
3.What benefits her health according to Pilar Fernandez?
A. Doing gardening. B. Learning history.
C. Living with kids. D. Having more children.
4.What can we infer about the four old people from the text?
A. They are fond of exercising regularly.
B. They led a hard life when they were young.
C. They have the same hobbies in their free time.
D. They have their own method of staying youthful.
It was a cold March day in High Point,North Carolina.The girls on the Wesleyan Academy softball were waiting for their next turns at bat during practice,stamping their feet to say warm.Eighth-grader Taylor Bisbee shivered（发抖）a little as she watched her teammate Paris White play.The two didn’t know each other well—Taylor had just moved to town a month or so before.
Suddenly,Paris fell to the ground,“Paris’s eyes rolled back,”Taylor says.“She stated shaking.I knew it was an emergency.”
It certainly was,Paris had suffered a sudden heart failure.Without immediate medical care,Paris would die.At first,no one moved.The girls were in shock.Then the softball coach shouted out,“Does anyone know CPR?”
CPR is a life-saving technique.To do CPR,you press on the sick person’s chest so that blood moves through the body and takes oxygen to organs.Without oxygen the brain is damaging quickly.
Amazingly,Taylor had just taken a CPR course the day before.Still,she hesitated.She didn’t think she knew it well enough.But when no one else came forward,Taylor ran to Paris and began doing CPR.“It was scary.I knew it was the difference between life and death,”says Taylor.
Taylor’s swift action helped her teammates calm down.One girl called 911.Two more ran to get the school nurse, who brought a defibrillator,an electronic devices（器械）that can shock the heart back into work.Luck stayed with them: Paris’ heartbeat returned.
“I know I was really lucky,”Paris says now.“Most people don’t survive this.My team saved my life.”
Experts say Paris is right: For a sudden heart failure,the single best chance for survival is having someone nearby step in and do CPR quickly.
Today,Paris is back on the softball team.Taylor will apply to college soon.She wants to be a nurse.“I feel more confident in my actions now,”Taylor says.“I know I can act under pressure in a scary situation.”
1.What happened to Paris on a March day?
A. She caught a bad cold. B. She has a sudden heart problem.
C. She was knocked down by a ball. D. She shivered terribly during practice.
2.Why does Paris say she was lucky?
A. She made a worthy friend. B. She recovered from shock.
C. She received immediate CPR. D. She came back on the softball team.
3.Which of the following words can best describe Taylor?
A. Enthusiastic and kind. B. Courageous and calm.
C. Cooperative and generous. D. Ambitious and professional.