Two men were sitting together in a plane. They were on a long journey. One of the men was a businessman. The other was a farmer. They sat without talking for a while, then the farmer said, “Let’s do something to pass the time.”

“What do you want to do?” the businessman asked. “We can ask each other riddles.” The farmer said, “You start.” “Let’s make the rules first,” the businessman said. “That’s not fair. You are a businessman with much knowledge. You know more things than I do. I am just a farmer.”

“That’s true.” The businessman said. “What do you want we should do?” “If you don’t know the answer to a riddle, you pay me $100. And if I don’t know the answer, I’ll pay you $50.” The farmer said. The businessman thought about this, then he said, “OK. That’s fair. Who will go first?”

“I will,” The farmer said. “Here is my riddle. What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies?” The business man repeated the riddle, “What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies? Mm, that’s a good one. I’m afraid I don’t know the answer.” He gave the farmer $100, then said, “Tell me the answer. What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies?” “I don’t know.” The farmer said and gave him $50.

1.The story happened ____________.

A. on a farm B. in a shop

C. before a long plane journey D. between two passengers

2.What does the word “riddle” mean in this story?

A. A difficult question to find the answer to.

B. Something to help to make rules.

C. Something to win money.

D. a kind of game in doing business.

3.Why did the businessman agree to give more money if he lost?

A. He made much more money than the farmer.

B. He thought he knew more than the farmer.

C. He was interested in making riddles.

D. He was better at playing riddle games.

4.The farmer _________.

A. enjoyed himself on his long journey.

B. didn’t want to pay even one dollar

C. spent all his money on the plane ticket.

D. won fifty dollars by playing the riddle game

5.Which of the following is NOT true?

A. The two men made rules for their riddle.

B. The farmer was much cleverer than the businessman.

C. The two men made their riddle game more interesting by paying it for money.

D. The businessman knew the answer to his riddle.


Many editors have a rule that they will not even read stories that are not formatted and presented as requested in their Submission(投稿)Guidelines.Even if this policy is not stated,it affects their decision-making.There are a few reasonable reasons.

A good editor likes to read all stories for the first time in the same format(格式)as the publication standard.A consistent format between manuscripts(手稿)removes distractions like unusual presentation and puts each manuscript on the same starting level,with the focus on content.

Leading publications get thousands of submissions a year.Editor time is extremely valuable.Most editors enjoy finding gems among the manuscripts,but they really dislike reformatting(don't you prefer eating an elegant meal to washing dishes?).When an editor sees he will have to spend an extra half hour of precious time in reformatting,he subconsciously marks that submission down compared to other submissions of equal quality.

Publications need to have consistency in formatting for all their published stories: letterform,type size,spacing, paragraph structure etc.This keeps the reader’s focus on the words and not their structure.Since editors don't have a choice to just accept a weirdly(古怪的)formatted story as it is,they are forced to either reformat or decline the submission.

Publications use different software and other tools in their operations.Editors know what makes their system go smoothly.Many invisible software formatting structures between types of documents create disasters.

Editors are not pedantic(迂腐的).Their job is to find great material and expose those works to appreciative readers.Differently formatted manuscripts steal time away from that responsibility,which is bad for everyone.Editors love nothing more than finishing a read and thinking “Wow.A great story-AND it's cut and paste!"

1.What does the underlined word "gems" refer to in the third paragraph?

A. Precious Jewels. B. Creative formats.

C. Great stories. D. Amazing characters.

2.What kind of manuscript is most likely to be refused?

A. One with no special structures.

B. One with a general letterform.

C. One with attractive plots.

D. One with a weird format.

3.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. How the editors usually work.

B. Why publications need consistent format.

C. Why the manuscript's format can influence the editor's decision.

D. The ways on how to format manuscripts.

A woman in her sixties lived alone in her little cottage with a pear tree at her door. She spent all her time taking care of the tree. But the children nearby drove her ______ by making fun of her. They would climb her tree and then run away with pears, ______ “Aunty Misery” at her.

One evening, a passer-by asked to ______ for the night. Seeing that he had an ______ face, she let him in and gave him a nice ______. The next morning the stranger, actually a sorcerer (巫师), thanked her by granting (允准) her ______ that anyone who climbed up her tree ______ not be able to come back down until she ______ it.

When the children came back to steal her ______, she had them stuck on the tree. They had to beg her long ______ she gave the tree permission to let ______ go. Aunty Misery was free from the ______ at last.

One day another man ______ her door. This one did not look trustworthy to her, ______ she asked who he was. “I am Death. I’ve come to take you ______ me,” said he.

Thinking fast Aunty Misery said, “Fine, but I’d like to ______ some pears from my pear tree to remember the ______ it brought to me in this life. But I am too ______ to climb high to get the best fruit. Will you be so ______ as to do it for me?” With a deep sigh, Mr. Death climbed up the tree ______ and was immediately stuck to it. No matter how much he warned or begged, Aunty Misery would not allow the tree to let Death go.

1.A. hopeless B. painful C. dull D. crazy

2.A. calling B. shouting C. announcing D. whispering

3.A. stay B. live C. hide D. lie

4.A. interesting B. honest C. anxious D. angry

5.A. gift B. kiss C. treat D. smile

6.A. suggestion B. advice C. permission D. wish

7.A. could B. should C. might D. must

8.A. permitted B. promised C. answered D. declared

9.A. branch B. food C. tree D. fruit

10.A. after B. while C. since D. before

11.A. it B. them C. him D. her

12.A. trick B. question C. trouble D. difficulty

13.A. stepped into B. left for C. stopped at D. walked around

14.A. so B. but C. although D. because

15.A. with B. off C. upon D. for

16.A. choose B. pick C. shake D. hit

17.A. honor B. pleasure C. hope D. excitement

18.A. thin B. short C. old D. light

19.A. light B. kind C. fine D. smart

20.A. disappointedly B. cheerfully C. unwillingly D. eagerly

When a leafy plant is under attack ,it doesn’t sit quietly. Back in 1983,two scientists,Jack Schultz and Ian Baldwin,reported that young maple trees getting bitten by insects send out a particular smell that neighboring plants can get. These chemicals come from the injured parts of the plant and seem to be an alarm.What the plants pump through the air is a mixture of chemicals known as volatile organic compounds,VOCs for short.

Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs when being attacked .It’s a plant’s way of crying out.But is anyone listening?Apparently.Because we can watch the neighbours react.

Some plants pump out smelly chemicals to keep insects away.But others do double duty .They pump out perfumes designed to attract different insects who are natural enemies to the attackers.Once they arrive,the tables are turned .The attacker who was lunching now becomes lunch.

In study after study,it appears that these chemical conversations help the neighbors .The damage is usually more serious on the first plant,but the neighbors ,relatively speaking ,stay safer because they heard the alarm and knew what to do.

Does this mean that plants talk to each other? Scientists don’t know. Maybe the first plant just made a cry of pain or was sending a message to its own branches, and so, in effect, was talking to itself. Perhaps the neighbors just happened to “overhear” the cry. So information was exchanged, but it wasn’t a true, intentional back and forth.

Charles Darwin, over 150 years ago, imagined a world far busier, noisier and more intimate(亲密的) than the world we can see and hear. Our senses are weak. There’s a whole lot going on.

1.What does a plant do when it is under attack?

A. It makes noises. B. It gets help from other plants.

C. It stands quietly D. It sends out certain chemicals.

2.What does the author mean by “the tables are turned” in paragraph 3?

A. The attackers get attacked.

B. The insects gather under the table.

C. The plants get ready to fight back.

D. The perfumes attract natural enemies.

3.Scientists find from their studies that plants can .

A. predict natural disasters B. protect themselves against insects

C. talk to one another intentionally D. help their neighbors when necessary

4.what can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. The word is changing faster than ever.

B. People have stronger senses than before

C. The world is more complex than it seems

D. People in Darwin’s time were more imaginative.

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