Helen Monson has always been interested in helping her community. Her first volunteer experience was for the American Red Cross when she was in high school. When she was a school teacher, she also found time to volunteer.

After she retired, she started volunteering to help the old. When her father was older, he was not able to see as well as he used to, which made her sad because he had always enjoyed reading.

She decided it would be fun to read to elderly people in her community. She also helped one woman write her stories. Ann was almost 100 years old, and Helen wrote down information about her life when she visited Ann. She put the information in a book and got it published. Ann was very excited to share her life story with her children and grandchildren.

One day Helen read an article in the newspaper about refugees (难民) who needed to learn English. Now, she meets once a week with Sahra, a 38-year-old woman from Somalia. Sahra is learning reading and writing skills. Helen gave Sahra a camera and asked her to take pictures of her daily life. She developed the pictures, and then asked Sahra questions about them. In the end they wrote a book together and used the photos in the book. This helped Sahra learn many new words about her everyday life.

Helen says, “The most rewarding part of volunteer work is becoming friends with the people I help. They enrich my life as well as I enrich theirs.”

1.When did Helen first take up volunteering?

A. After retirement. B. In high school.

C. After work. D. In childhood.

2.In what way did Helen help Sahra?

A. By building her self-confidence. B. By expanding her vocabulary.

C. By giving her financial support. D. By finding her a new home.

3.Which of the following can best describe Helen according to the passage?

A. Brilliant. B. Optimistic.

C. Thankful. D. Devoted.

4.The underlined word “rewarding” in the last paragraph probably means .

A. worthwhile B. convenient

C. extraordinary D. practical


Understanding Disabilities

There are around 650 million people in the world that have disabilities,yet most people are still quite ignorant about it.

(1)What do you think of when you see the word, ‘disability’?

Wheelchairs? White sticks? The Paralympics? 1. The legal definition of disability is that someone has a physical or mental impairment that has a great and long?term bad effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day?to?day activities.

This affects about 650 million of us, worldwide. 2. Most become disabled during the course of their life. So maybe the term TAB (Temporarily Able?Bodied) is better for people who are not disabled,because we may not stay that way forever.


Imagine not being able to see,or not being able to walk. Think of all the things that would be different. How can I get my education? What about my future? Would my friends still want to hang out with me? Will strangers laugh at me in the street? Can I get my own place? What job can I do?

Clearly,having a disability can affect many things in a person's life.

(3)Disability and the law

4. It is illegal and extremely unpleasant to discriminate (歧视) against someone who is differently abled. The label ‘disabled’ is not always helpful. Even if someone meets the legal definition,they may not see themselves that way. Instead of thinking about what is wrong with those people,or noticing what they can't do,we should look at how we like to live,and try to make it possible for everyone to join in.

After all—what is normal?5. But better understanding would be a start.

A. How can the disabled find better jobs?

B. How does disability affect people?

C. People with disabilities don't need pity.

D. Most of us have never really thought about it.

E. We should consider more for people with disabilities.

F. Only 17% of people with a disability are born with it.

G.There are laws to prevent people with disabilities being treated unfairly.

In Western countries, bread is one of the most important foods. When they get up in the morning many people eat toast (烤面包). They spread butter and jam on their toast. People eat bread at other times of the day too. For example, at main meals, they often eat bread with soup.

It's also very common to eat sandwiches. A sandwich is two pieces of bread with a filling inside - salad, cheese or fish. A hamburger is a kind of sandwich.

There are many different kinds of bread. Some are special to some countries. For example, the baguette (法国棍子面包) is a long, thin loaf that began in France.

There is also white bread and whole-wheat (全麦面) bread. What's the difference? White bread is refined (精制的). It has things taken out of it to make it softer and easier to eat. The trouble is, white bread also has lots of goodness taken out. Although some people dislike the taste of whole-wheat bread, it is much healthier.

Some kinds of bread have additives (添加剂). They are put into the bread for many reasons. Some additives are good for you - for example vitamin C. Others are there to make the bread last longer. Still others to make it taste better - but they do not necessarily make the bread healthier to eat!

1.People in the west have as their main food.

A. butter B. bread

C. cheese D. fish

2.The fourth paragraph tells us

A. how to make white bread

B. how to make whole-wheat bread

C. the difference between white bread and whole-wheat bread

D. people dislike the taste of whole-wheat bread

3.Which of the statements about additives(添加剂) is WRONG?

A. Not all the additives are good for our health.

B. Vitamin C makes the bread last longer.

C. Some additives are put into bread to make bread healthier.

D. To make bread taste better, some additives can be put into bread.

Most animals have little connection with animals of a different kind, unless they hunt them for food. Sometimes, however, two kinds of animals come together in a partnership (伙伴关系) which is good for both of them. You may have noticed some birds sitting on the backs of sheep. This is not because they want a ride, but because they find easy food in the parasites (寄生虫) on sheep. The sheep allow the birds to do so because they remove the cause of discomfort. So although they can manage without each other, they do better together.

Sometimes an animal has a plant partner. The relationship develops until the two partners cannot manage without each other. This is so in the corals(珊瑚) of the sea. In their skins they have tiny plants which act as “dustmen”, taking some of the waste products from the coral and giving in return oxygen which the animal needs to breathe. If the plants are killed, or are even prevented from receiving light so that they cannot live normally, the corals will die.

1.We learn from the text that corals depend on plants for______.

A. food B. light

C. oxygen D. comfort

2.Some birds like to sit on a sheep because _______.

A. they enjoy travelling with the sheep

B. they can eat the parasites on the sheep

C. they depend on the sheep for existence

D. they find the position most comfortable

3.The underlined word “they” in the first paragraph refers to ____.

A. birds and sheep B. birds and parasites

C. parasites and sheep D. sheep, birds and parasites

4.What does the second paragraph mainly discuss?

A. Some animals live better together.

B. Some plants depend on each other for food.

C. Some animals and plants develop their relationship easily.

D. Some animals and plants depend on each other for existence

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