Understanding Disabilities

There are around 650 million people in the world that have disabilities,yet most people are still quite ignorant about it.

(1)What do you think of when you see the word, ‘disability’?

Wheelchairs? White sticks? The Paralympics? 1. The legal definition of disability is that someone has a physical or mental impairment that has a great and long?term bad effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day?to?day activities.

This affects about 650 million of us, worldwide. 2. Most become disabled during the course of their life. So maybe the term TAB (Temporarily Able?Bodied) is better for people who are not disabled,because we may not stay that way forever.


Imagine not being able to see,or not being able to walk. Think of all the things that would be different. How can I get my education? What about my future? Would my friends still want to hang out with me? Will strangers laugh at me in the street? Can I get my own place? What job can I do?

Clearly,having a disability can affect many things in a person's life.

(3)Disability and the law

4. It is illegal and extremely unpleasant to discriminate (歧视) against someone who is differently abled. The label ‘disabled’ is not always helpful. Even if someone meets the legal definition,they may not see themselves that way. Instead of thinking about what is wrong with those people,or noticing what they can't do,we should look at how we like to live,and try to make it possible for everyone to join in.

After all—what is normal?5. But better understanding would be a start.

A. How can the disabled find better jobs?

B. How does disability affect people?

C. People with disabilities don't need pity.

D. Most of us have never really thought about it.

E. We should consider more for people with disabilities.

F. Only 17% of people with a disability are born with it.

G.There are laws to prevent people with disabilities being treated unfairly.


Many children first learn the value of money by receiving an allowance (pocket money). The purpose is to let the children learn from experiences at an early age when financial mistakes are not very costly.

The amount of money that parents give to their children to spend as they wish differs from family to family. Timing is another consideration. Some children get a weekly allowance. Others get a monthly allowance.

In any case, parents should make clear what, if anything, the child is expected to pay for with the money. At first, young children may spend all of their allowance soon after they receive it. If they do this, they will learn the hard way that spending must be done within a budget. Parents are usually advised not to offer more money until the next allowance.

The object is to show young people that a budget demands a choice between spending and saving.Older children may be responsible enough to save money for larger costs like clothing or electronics. Many people who have written on the subject of allowances say it is not a good idea to pay your child for work around the home. These jobs are a normal part of family life.

Paying children to do extra work around the house, however, can be useful. It can even provide an understanding of how a business works.

Allowances give children a chance to experience the three things they can do with money. They can share it in the form of gifts or giving to a good cause. They can spend it by buying things they want. Or they can save it.

Saving helps children understand that costly goals require sacrifice. You have to cut costs and plan for the future. Requiring children to save part of their allowances can also open the door to future saving and investing. Many banks offer services to help children and teenagers learn about personal finance.

A savings account is an excellent way to learn about the power of compound interest.

Compounding works by paying interest on interest. So, for example, one dollar invested at two percent interest for two years will earn two cents in the first year. The second year, the money will earn two percent of one dollar and two cents, and so on. That may not seem like a lot. But over time it adds up.

1.Giving an allowance, parents should consider all the following EXCEPT_______.

A. how much the child should get each time

B. whether the child has made a budget

C. where the money really goes

D. how often a child can get it

2.The author of the passage holds the opinion that________.

A. what children learn by handling allowances may be beneficial in the future

B. children can learn to set up their own business with their allowances

C. keeping allowances in the bank is the best choice for children

D. it is not a good idea to pay children for housework at home

3.The underlined words “compound interest” in the passage probably means ________.

A. increasing curiosity to learn how to make more money

B. stronger power to hold one’s attention to saving money

C. money paid by the bank on your original money and the gain from it

D. the sum of money that you earn from keeping your money in the bank

4.What is the best title for the passage?

A. Be Generous to Pay Your Children.

B. Be Wise to Avoid Financial Mistakes.

C. Saving Allowances Does Good to Children.

D. Allowances Help Children Learn about Money.

Jane Eyre

Jane Eyre, a novel written by Charlotte Bronte, was published in 1847 in England. It is Charlotte Bronte’s most famous book. Jane Eyre is a love story. It tells about a young and independent woman called Jane Eyre, who is brave enough to pursue her own love.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Uncle Tom’s Cabin is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel “helped lay the base for the Civil War”, according to Will Kaufman. When Abraham Lincoln met Stowe at the start of the Civil War, Lincoln declared, “So it is the little lady who started this great war.” The character of Uncle Tom in the novel is a longsuffering black slave. The sad novel exposes the reality of slavery.

Gone with the Wind

Gone with the Wind is a novel by Margaret Mitchell in 1936. It tells the story of Scarlett O’Hara, and her adventures in the American South during the Civil War. She falls in love with Rhett Butler, a city gentleman. It is one of the most famous books of its time, and was made into a movie with the same name. The title took its name from the lines an Ernest Dowson poem: “I have forgotten much, Cynara! Gone with the wind.” (This line also appears in the book.) The book won the Pulitzer Prize on May 3,1937.

Rich Dad Poor Dad

Rich Dad Poor Dad is a book by Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter. In the story, Robert’s own father was the superintendent (厅长) of education in Hawaii and end up dying penniless. His best friend’s father dropped out of school at age 13 and went on to become one of the wealthiest men in Hawaii. It advocates financial independence through investing, real estate (地产), owning businesses, and the use of finance protection tactics.

1.Whose book had a great impact on the Civil War in the U.S.?

A. Charlotte Bronte’s.

B. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s.

C. Margaret Mitchell’s.

D. Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter’s.

2.Where was the name of the book Gone with the Wind taken from?

A. An adventurous story. B. The Civil War.

C. A poem. D. The Pulitzer Prize.

3.Who will be interested in the book Rich Dad Poor Dad?

A. A woman who is eager for free love.

B. A historian who studies the history of the U.S.A.

C. A businessman who wants to be wealthy.

D. A politician who warns to enter politics.

I do a lot of management training each year for the Circle K Company. Among the _______ we discuss in our classes is the _______ of quality employees.

“What has caused you to stay _______ enough to become a manager?" I asked. After a while a new manager took the _______ and said slowly, "it was a baseball glove.”

Cynthia said she used to _______ a Circle K clerk job as an interim (临时的) one while she looked for something _______. On her second day behind the counter, she received a (an) _______ from her nine-year-old son, Jessie. He _______ a baseball glove for the little League. She _______ that as a single mother, money was __________, and her first check would have to go for paying __________.

When Cynthia arrived for work the next morning, Partircia, the store manager asked her to come to her small office and handed her a box. “I overheard you __________ to your son yesterday,” she said, “and I know that it is __________ to explain things to kids. This is a baseball glove for Jessie. I know you have to pay bills __________ you can buy gloves. You know we can’t __________ good people like you as __________ as we would like to; but we do __________ and I want you to know how __________ you are to us.”

The thoughtfulness, empathy and love of the store manager show vividly that people __________ more how much a(n) ____________ cares than how much he pays.

1.A. topics B. problems C. difficulties D. lessons

2.A. employing B. praising C. keeping D. improving

3.A. soon B. long C. strong D. calm

4.A. position B. decision C. question D. advice

5.A. take B. change C. lose D. consider

6.A. lighter B. easier C. better D. higher

7.A. letter B. call C. answer D. email

8.A. bought B. kept C. needed D. offered

9.A. complained B. explained C. understood D. admitted

10.A. short B. enough C. spare D. tight

11.A. food B. education C. clothes D. bills

12.A. talking B. crying C. arguing D. scolding

13.A. easy B. hard C. simple D. nice

14.A. after B. until C. when D. before

15.A. value B. remain C. pay D. fire

16.A. much B. many C. pleasant D. possible

17.A. regret B. agree C. worry D. care

18.A. excellent B. important C. thankful D. thoughtful

19.A. remember B. refuse C. thank D. realize

20.A. mother B. clerk C. official D. manager

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