Six people are talking about the newly-built garden on the roof of their building.

Jasmine: I loved the idea when Wilber first told me about it. We had lots of meetings with our neighbors, trying to make them understand why it’s good to build a garden on the roof. Now people love coming here, and we have made a lot of friends!

Wilber: The whole thing wasn’t easy at first. But Jasmine helped a lot. And she was really good at making people happy to donate (捐赠) money for the roof garden.

David: My kids love going up there. They sit there watching butterflies and birds. The roof garden brings them closer to nature.

Samuel: You want something green? Visit the park! It’s only one block away! After the roof garden was built, small insects started flying into my room! And the kids leave mud on the stairs when they come down from the roof!

Rosie: Our building is now cooler in the summer. My baby sleeps well even on hot summer days!

Flora: Guess where these tomatoes are from! Not from the supermarket. They’re from our roof! It’s wonderful, isn’t?

1.Who dislikes the roof garden?

A. Jasmine B. Rosie

C. Samuel D. Flora

2.What does Wilber tell us?

A. Jasmine helped to get the money.

B. Tomatoes grew well on the roof.

C. Children always make stairs dirty.

D. There are birds in the roof garden.

3.What can be inferred from the interview?

A. Babies like sleeping in the roof garden.

B. Most of the speakers love the roof garden.

C. The roof tomatoes sell well in the supermarket.

D. David first came up with the idea of a roof garden.

When you need to see a doctor, surely you will want to see a good one. But there is one important thing you may never have thought about: Has your doctor rested enough?

Doctors in our country often have to work 34 hours or longer without sleep. Most of them work 104 hours a week, and some even 150. (There are only 168 hours a week!) One report said that a doctor who works such long hours cannot think more clearly than a drunk driver. Another found that doctors who sleep 5.8 fewer hours than the week before might make 22% more serious mistakes. Surely no one wants to get in a car that is driven by a drunk driver. So, how safe would you feel when you are under the care of a tired doctor?

Sadly this problem has been around for a long time. There are no laws about it yet and hospital bosses don’t look like they care either. And that is why we doctors are asking you to join us on the street this Sunday. Fight together with us on the street so we can fight better for your life in the hospital.

Time: 1 p. m. July 15 Place: City Hospital Square

1.How long do doctors often have to work per week in the country?

A. 34 hours. B. 104 hours.

C. 150 hours. D. 168 hours.

2.What does the underlined word “Another” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. A country. B. A doctor.

C. A report. D. A driver.

3.Why does the writer compare a tired doctor with a drunk driver?

A. To find out who can think more clearly.

B. To give an example of a common disease.

C. To show who can work longer without sleep.

D. To give the reader a clear idea of the danger.

4.What is the purpose of the text?

A. To warn doctors not to work too long.

B. To get support for the fight for doctors.

C. To tell people how to find a good doctor.

D. To call for a law against drunk driving.

Imagine the tallest building in the United States. Fill that giant building 44 times with rotten fruits and vegetables. Now you know how much food Americans waste every year.

It is hard to believe, right? About 133 billion pounds of food get thrown away. That’s one-third of all the food we produce. And a lot of it is thrown away for one simple reason: It’s ugly.

The problem is that nature isn’t perfect. Apples can get scarred (留下疤痕) by storms. Cucumbers grow in C shapes. Carrots change into unusual fork-like forms. Watermelons get too big to fit on a refrigerator shelf. These crazy-looking fruits and vegetables may taste great. But most grocery stores refuse to sell them. Store owners say people judge food by how it looks. No one wants a tomato that looks like a two-headed monster. But what if you could buy that tomato for half-price?

A new movement is trying to make people see the “beauty” in ugly food. Some stores are selling ugly produce. It tastes the same. And you pay less for it because the food doesn’t look perfect.

Usually, the stores find a nicer word than “ugly”. A Canadian chain uses “naturally imperfect”. In some US stores, it’s “misfit produce”. Whatever you call it, ugly food helps many people. Fanners get paid for food they were going to have to throw away. Shoppers get cheaper fruits and vegetables. The ugly-food movement will also help some of the 44 million Americans who don’t have enough to eat. Many groups give the ugly produce to hungry people.

So really, who cares if that carrot looks a little… ugly?

1.Why are lots of fruits and vegetables thrown away in the US?

A. Because they don’t look nice.

B. Because they have gone bad.

C. Because they don’t taste good.

D. Because they are badly polluted.

2.What is the 5th paragraph mainly about?

A. The stores selling ugly food.

B. The better names for ugly food.

C. The number of hungry Americans.

D. The benefits of the ugly-food movement.

3.What does the mark “…” in the last paragraph suggest?

A. The author would like to buy ugly carrots.

B. No one would care if a carrot looks a little ugly.

C. The author does not quite like the word “ugly”.

D. Nobody really wants to buy carrots that look ugly.

Feet help us walk, run, dance, and jump. The words feet and foot are also used in everyday speech.

To be under someone’s feet means to be troublesome. In other words, you are standing too close to someone and are getting in their way. Some adults criticize (批评) children for being under foot.

Speaking of children, if someone says their home will soon have the pitter-patter of tiny feet, it means the family is expecting a baby!

Now, people who are active do not let grass grow under their feet. They are never in one place for very long. People who can think and take action at the same time are said to be able to think on their feet.

Some people appear to have it all. They have money, a good education, good looks, a great family and a large circle of friends. You could say they have the world at their feet. This means whatever they want seems to be there for them.

People who have both feet firmly on the ground are realistic and practical. They are not dreamy. You might say such a person is well grounded. If you are a bad dancer, you might be described as having two left feet. To dance well, it is better to have a right foot and a left foot.

Sam loves skiing. He thinks that it would be fun to own a ski resort (滑雪场) high in the mountains. But he knows nothing about running a business. So, he decides to get his feet wet. In other words, he wants to get used to a new situation.

He joins an organization for resort owners and attends their meetings. He travels to ski areas all over the United States. This helps Sam get his foot in the door. Having a foot in the door is a starting point. This expression comes from people selling things door-to-door. They would block the door with their foot so people couldn’t close the door on them.

1.What would you say to someone who is “under your feet”?

A. Oh, I’m terribly sorry.

B. Take off your feet!

C. Sorry for the trouble.

D. Excuse me, you are in the way.

2.Which of the following describes people who keep moving about?

A. They are always under foot.

B. They can think on their feet.

C. They have the pitter-patter of tiny feet.

D. They never let grass grow under their feet.

3.What should you try to avoid if you want to succeed in doing something?

A. Having two left feet.

B. Getting your feet wet.

C. Getting your foot in the door.

D. Having both feet firmly on the ground.

4.What do we know about Sam’s new business?

A. It’s a big success. B. It’s not started yet.

C. It lies high in the mountains. D. It opens only in winter.

5.What may be the best title for the passage?

A. Use your feet properly. B. Feet help us walk and run.

C. How to be a good dancer. D. Ready for a new business.

Social Media

Social media can be defined (解释) as web-based and mobile media that are used for people to interact, connect and communicate with each other. It often involves the creation and sharing of content (writing, pictures, and video) that people make themselves, mostly through the Internet.

1. The first type involves people getting together to work on a project, for example, Wikipedia. Blogs and micro-blogs (such as Twitter) are another type of social media. There are other websites like YouTube that allow people to share content such as pictures, articles or videos. 2. These sites allow people to stay in touch with friends, make new ones and join communities. Facebook is an example of this type. Many people like to play games on the Internet and, yes, there are social media games as well. These games allow gamers to interact with each other and play with or against other gamers. 3. The final type of social media is websites like Second Life, where people can create avatars (化身) and use and create objects, as if they were in the real world.

Social media are different from traditional media. With social media, many individual people in different places create content.

Another difference is that people who produce content in social media don’t need very special skills. 4. It takes only a few minutes to write a twitter post, for example.

5. But whatever you might think, social media is here to stay.

A. World of Warcraft is a good example.

B. And social media content can be produced much faster.

C. In general, there are six different types of social media.

D. Another type of social media are social networking sites.

E. Some people think social media is good and some think it is bad.

F. In traditional media,people need special skills to produce something.

G. Social media is one of the fastest-growing industries in today’s world

I worked in a restaurant. One night a woman came in with three small children. As a ______, I could usually tell who is going to tip well and who isn’t going to tip at all I ______ got the latter vibe (气息) from her. She asked about the ______ of everything on the menu, but she ordered ______ water to drink. She wasn’t ______ appetizers (开胃饮料). At one point her daughter asked her very politely: “Mom, can I have ______?” The woman pulled out her coin purse and ______ her change before saying yes. Then I was ______ that I wouldn’t get a tip, but they were very nice and pleasant to ______ so I didn’t even think twice about it.

At the end of the meal, she paid ______ in coins.

When I went back to clear the table, to my ______, there were a lot of quarters left for me. They amounted to $ 8, or about 25% of the ______. Here was a woman who had to count her money before ______ her daughter a milk because she wanted to ______ she still had enough to tip me.

Was it the largest tip I ever got? No, but it’s the only one I ______ after all these years.

This story is a ______ that the very best aspects of human nature can shine through in even the most ______ of everyday situations. The first ______ may be powerful, but it’s important to let others show their true nature rather than making a snap (仓促的) ______ about them. As a matter of fact, generosity is a valuable virtue, whether you ______ to be rich, poor, or somewhere in between.

1.A. manager B. director C. waiter D. cashier

2.A. certainly B. positively C. suddenly D. regularly

3.A. material B. price C. taste D. colour

4.A. even B. much C. also D. only

5.A. content with B. aware of C. interested in D. ready for

6.A. juice B. soda C. milk D. cocoa

7.A. counted up B. used up C. stared at D. played with

8.A. worried B. convinced C. disappointed D. annoyed

9.A. please B. approach C. serve D. attend

10.A. largely B. partly C. rarely D. entirely

11.A. surprise B. satisfaction C. amusement D. regret

12.A. dish B. meal C. amount D. menu

13.A. ordering B. fetching C. passing D. preparing

14.A. believe B. insist C. ensure D. admit

15.A. understand B. remember C. require D. save

16.A. container B. judge C. performer D. reminder

17.A. normal B. ordinary C. important D. unusual

18.A. impression B. thought C. prediction D. expression

19.A. choice B. comparison C. analysis D. decision

20.A. attempt B. happen C. fail D. desire

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