I do a lot of management training each year for the Circle K Company. Among the _______ we discuss in our classes is the _______ of quality employees.

“What has caused you to stay _______ enough to become a manager?" I asked. After a while a new manager took the _______ and said slowly, "it was a baseball glove.”

Cynthia said she used to _______ a Circle K clerk job as an interim (临时的) one while she looked for something _______. On her second day behind the counter, she received a (an) _______ from her nine-year-old son, Jessie. He _______ a baseball glove for the little League. She _______ that as a single mother, money was __________, and her first check would have to go for paying __________.

When Cynthia arrived for work the next morning, Partircia, the store manager asked her to come to her small office and handed her a box. “I overheard you __________ to your son yesterday,” she said, “and I know that it is __________ to explain things to kids. This is a baseball glove for Jessie. I know you have to pay bills __________ you can buy gloves. You know we can’t __________ good people like you as __________ as we would like to; but we do __________ and I want you to know how __________ you are to us.”

The thoughtfulness, empathy and love of the store manager show vividly that people __________ more how much a(n) ____________ cares than how much he pays.

1.A. topics B. problems C. difficulties D. lessons

2.A. employing B. praising C. keeping D. improving

3.A. soon B. long C. strong D. calm

4.A. position B. decision C. question D. advice

5.A. take B. change C. lose D. consider

6.A. lighter B. easier C. better D. higher

7.A. letter B. call C. answer D. email

8.A. bought B. kept C. needed D. offered

9.A. complained B. explained C. understood D. admitted

10.A. short B. enough C. spare D. tight

11.A. food B. education C. clothes D. bills

12.A. talking B. crying C. arguing D. scolding

13.A. easy B. hard C. simple D. nice

14.A. after B. until C. when D. before

15.A. value B. remain C. pay D. fire

16.A. much B. many C. pleasant D. possible

17.A. regret B. agree C. worry D. care

18.A. excellent B. important C. thankful D. thoughtful

19.A. remember B. refuse C. thank D. realize

20.A. mother B. clerk C. official D. manager

Do You Want To Change the Future of Education?

Our goal is to give a world-class education to everyone, everywhere, regardless of gender, income or social status.

Today, EDX.org, a not-for-profit website, provides hundreds of thousands of people from around the globe with access to free education. We offer amazing quality classes by the best professors from the best schools. We enable our members to find out a new passion that will transform their lives and their communities.

Around the world from coast to coast, in over 192 countries, people are making the decision to take one or several of our courses. As we continue to grow our operations, we are looking for talented passionate people with great ideas to join the EDX team. We aim to create an environment that is supportive, diverse, and as fun as our brand. If you’re hardworking and ready to contribute to an unparalleled member experience for our community, we really want you to apply.

As part of the EDX team, you’ll receive:

•Competitive compensation

•Generous benefits package

•Free lunch every day

•A great workplace where everyone cares and wants to change the world

While we appreciate every applicant’s interest, only those under consideration will be contacted. We regret that phone calls will not be accepted. We promise that every applicant will be treated fairly.

All positions are located in our Cambridge offices.

1.What’s the aim of the text?

A. To give an introduction to EDX. B. To encourage people to join EDX.

C. To predict the future of education. D. To advise us to choose quality education.

2.What does EDX mainly do?

A. Providing free courses. B. Studying people’s learning habits.

C. Discovering people’s new passion. D. Researching the trend of education.

3.According to the text, EDX ________.

A. aims to change the world B. tries to build more schools

C. has schools in nearly 200 countries D. teaches people how to choose their courses

Nicolai Calabria has already become one of the best 106-pound wrestlers. He has successfully climbed to the top of the highest mountain in Africa, and most importantly, he's changed the attitude of any normal person who watches him compete.

The 17-year-old teenager has one leg. He was born that way, but his goal is to show it's not the one thing that defines him. He would also be the first one to tell you that he just wants to prove to others and himself that he's just like other normal ones.

When Calabria was young, his parents tried different prostheses(假肢)to find out which was most comfortable for their son as he tried to keep up with a family, who has a preference for sports.

At first, the Calabrias had their middle child in a prosthesis that looked and functioned like a “real” leg, but soon they decided to choose a different path when they found it wasn't beneficial to his movement. Then the family moved him to arm crutches(手杖) and from there a new burst of energy was found.

Getting others to believe that he could take off on the soccer field took a little bit longer. When the Calabrias moved to Concord, they had a hard time convincing the town soccer program to allow a child like him to compete with able-bodied kids. After months and months of debates and meetings, the family received the answer they were looking for. Since then, witnessing a young man on crutches who competes against those with two legs has become a fixed event in the Concord community.

“At that time I had nothing but discouragement working with the soccer community, however, now I have nothing but admiration for the fact that he's been allowed to play, and people see that he adds value to game,” his father said, “I just think it's a great result.”

1.This passage shows us a boy with one leg ________.

A. can do what a normal teenager can

B. is realizing as many dreams as he can

C. can make a sport event more valuable

D. can add value to society

2.We can learn from Paragraph 5 that ________.

A. Calabria proved to be the most excellent player of the team

B. it was not easy for Calabria to be accepted to the town's soccer team

C. Calabria's parents didn't allow him to play soccer at first

D. there are some other disabled children in the soccer team

3.In Paragraph 5, the underlined part “a fixed event” probably means “________”.

A. a must-see

B. a planned program

C. an extra game

D. a special occasion

4.It is implied in the last paragraph that Nicolai's father ________.

A. has been discouraged since Nicolai played soccer

B. thinks that Nicolai is playing a key role in the team

C. is very delighted that Nicolai can play soccer in the team

D. hasn't expected that Nicolai can be allowed to play soccer

PITTSBURGH — For most people, snakes seem unpleasant or even threatening. But Howie Choset sees in their delicate movements a way to save lives.

The 37-year-old Carnegie Mellon University professor has spent years developing snake-like robots he hopes will eventually slide through fallen buildings in search of victims trapped after natural disasters or other emergencies.

Dan Kara is president of Robotics Trends, a Northboro, mass-based company that publishes an online industry magazine and runs robotics trade shows. He said there are other snake-like robots being developed, mainly at universities, but didn't know of one that could climb pipes.

The Carnegie Mellon machines are designed to carry cameras and electronic sensors and can be controlled with a joystick (操纵杆). They move smoothly with the help of small electric motors, or servos, commonly used by hobbyists in model airplanes.

Built from lightweight materials, the robots are about the size of a human arm or smaller. They can sense which way is up, but are only as good as their human operators, Choset added.

Sam Stover, a search term manager with the Federal Emergency Management Agency based in Indiana, said snake-type robots would offer greater mobility than equipment currently available, such as cameras attached to extendable roles.

"It just allows us to do something we've not been able to do before," Stover said, "We needed them yesterday."

He said sniffer dogs are still the best search tool for rescue workers, but that they can only be used effectively when workers have access to damaged building.

Stover, among the rescue workers who handled the aftermath (后果) of Hurricane Katrina, said snake robots would have helped rescuers search flooded houses in that disaster.

Choset said the robots may not be ready for use for another five to ten years, depending on funding.

1.Which institution is responsible for the development of Choset's robots?

A. Robotics Trends. B. Pittsburgh City Council.

C. Carnegie Mellon University. D. Federal Emergency Management Agency.

2.Choset believes that his invention _________.

A. can be attached to an electronic arm

B. can be used by hobbyists in model airplanes

C. can find victims more quickly than a sniffer dog

D. can sense its way as well as its operators

3.By saying "We needed them yesterday" (paragraph 7), Stover means that snake-like robots ________.

A. could help handle the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

B. should have been put to use in past rescue work

C. helped rescuers search flooded houses yesterday

D. were in greater need yesterday than today

4.What is the text mainly about?

A. Snake-like robots used in industries.

B. Snake-like robots made to aid in rescues.

C. The development of snake-like robots.

D. The working principles of snake-like robots.

Architects have long had the feeling that the places we live in can affect our thoughts, feelings and behaviors, But now scientists are giving this feelings an empirical(经验的,实证的) basis. They are discovering how to design spaces that promote creativity, keep people focused, and lead to relaxation.

Researches show that aspects of the physical environment can influence creativity. In 2007, Joan Meyers-Levy at the University of Minnesota, reported that the height of a room’s ceiling affects how people to think. Her research indicates that the higher ceilings encourage people to think more freely, which may lead them to make more abstract connections. Low ceilings, on the other hand, may inspire a more detailed outlook.

In addition to ceiling height, the view afforded by a building may influence an occupant’s ability to concentrate. Nancy Wells and her colleagues at Cornell University found in their study that kids who experienced the greatest increase in greenness as a result of a family move made the most gains on a standard test of attention.

Using nature to improve focus of attention ought to pay off academically, and it seems to, according to a study led by C. Kenneth Tanner, head of the School Design &Planning Laboratory at University of Georgia. Tanner and his team found that students in classrooms with unblocked views of at least 50 feet outside the window had higher scores on tests of vocabulary, language arts and maths than did students whose classrooms primarily overlooked roads and parking lots.

Recent study on room lighting design suggests that dim(暗淡的) light helps people to loosen up. If that is true generally, keeping the light low during dinner or at parties could increase relaxation. Researchers of Harvard Medical School also discovered that furniture with rounded edges could help visitors relax.

So far scientists have focused mainly on public buildings. “We have a very limited number of studies, so we’re almost looking at the problem through a straw(吸管), ” architect David Allison says. “How do you take answers to very specific questions and make broad, generalized use of them? That’s what we’re all struggling with.”

1.What does Joan Meyers-Levy focus on in her research?

A. Light. B. Ceilings. C. Windows. D. Furniture.

2.From the passage we know that ________.

A. the shape of furniture may affect people’s feelings

B. lower ceilings may help improve students’ creativity

C. children in a dim classroom may improve their grades

D. Students in rooms with unblocked views may feel relaxed

3.The underlined sentence in the last paragraph probably means that ________.

A. the problem is not approached step by step

B. the researches so far have faults in themselves

C. the problem is too difficult for researchers to detect

D. research in this area is not enough to make generalized patterns

4.What does this passage mainly talks about?

A. The shape of public building affects our thoughts.

B. How room design affects our work and feeling.

C. Physical environment can influence our creativity.

D. Physical environment is of great importance to our focus of attention.

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