Recently,I have heard that you feel stressed about study.I have a good mind to offer you some advice on how to study effectively.
I had the meanest mother in the world. While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal (麦片粥), eggs and toast. Others had cokes and candy for lunch, while we had to eat a sandwich. As you can guess, my supper was different from the other kids’. But at least I was not alone in my suffering. My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother as I did.
My mother insisted on knowing where we were at all times. She had to know who our friends were and what we were doing. We had to wear clean clothes every day. Other kids always wore their clothes for days. We reached the height of disgrace (丢脸) because she made our clothes herself, just to save money.
The worst is yet to come. We had to be in bed by 9:00 each night and up at 7:45 the next morning. So while my friends slept, my mother actually had the courage to break Child Labor Law. She made us work. I believed she lay awake all night thinking up mean things to do to us. Through the years, our friends’ report cards had beautiful colors on them, black for passing, red for failing. My mother, however, would merely be content with black marks. None of us was allowed the pleasure of being a dropout (辍学者).
She forced us to grow up into educated and honest adults. Using this as a background, I’m now trying to bring up my three children. I’m filled with pride when my children think I am mean because now I thank God every day for giving me the meanest mother in the world.
1.From the passage we can learn that the writer’s mother was .
A. not generous at all B. very strict with her children
C. very mean with money matters D. very cruel to her children
2.Which of the following things did the writer hate to do most?
A. Eating differently from other kids.
B. Wearing clean clothes which were made by mother.
C. Going to bed early and getting up early.
D. Letting mother know where they were.
3.It can be inferred from the passage that .
A. the writer worked hard and usually got good grades in studies
B. mother was punished for breaking the Labor Law
C. all the other kids studied better than the writer
D. the writer’s family lived a painful life
4.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Mother practised economy in running her home.
B. The writer is very thankful to her mother.
C. The writer is strict with her children when bringing them up.
D. The writer doesn’t love her mother for the past painful life.
The National Gallery
The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of Trafalgar Square in London. It houses a diverse collection of more than 2,300 examples of European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modem ones by Renoir and Van Gogh. The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance.
The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the building houses 13th-to 15th-century paintings, and artists include Duccio, Uccello, Van Eyck, Lippi, Mantegna, Botticelli and Memling.
The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings, and artists include Leonardo da Vinci, Cranach, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bruegel, Bronzino, Titian and Veronese.
The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings, and artists include Caravaggio, Rubens, Poussin, Van Dyck, Velaazquez, Claude and Vermeer.
The East Wing houses 18th-to early 20th-century paintings, and artists include Canaletto, Goya, Turner, Constable, Renoir and Van Gogh.
The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm (Fridays 10am to 9pm) and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions.
Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross (2-minute walk), Leicester (3-minute walk), Embankment (7-minute walk), and Piccadilly Circus (8-minute walk).
1.In which wing can you see religious paintings?
A. In the East Wing. B. In the main West Wing.
C. In the Sainsbury Wing. D. In the North Wing.
2.If you enter the gallery by a ground floor, you will easily see the works of .
A. Van Eyck B. Cranach
C. Van Dyck. D. Constable.
3.According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. The National Gallery is the biggest British national art museum.
B. There are four exhibition areas in The National Gallery
C. The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm
D. The Gallery is completely free
4.Where does the text probably come from?
A. An artist magazine. B. A tourist map.
C. A news report. D. A museum guide.
A safari park is a park in which wild animals are kept. They are mainly located in east or central Africa. They often occupy a very wild area, with mountains and rivers. To visit the park and look at the animals, people have to drive around — in a car for a few of hours because the park is huge.
In south Africa there is a safari park, which contains all sorts of wild animals like lions, elephants, rhinoceroses, zebras, wild pigs, deer and giraffes.
There is a wild road leading through the park, but nobody is permitted to walk on the road. Anyone traveling in the park has to go in a car because wild animals may fiercely attack people. From the car he may see almost every type of African wildlife. Some of these are getting scarce (稀有的) because people kill them for various reasons. For example rhinoceroses are killed for their horns, which are used in traditional Chinese medicines for colds and headaches. Perhaps they will be seen only in museums and books one day.
Travelers may purchase food for the animals. They can feed them when they tour the park. Of course, they should not feed them in a close distance because the wild animals may attack people. In addition, they should only give proper food to the animals.
A traveler may carry a gun with him in his journey. The gun is given to him by the government. However, it is not used for hunting. In fact, a seal is fixed to it. The traveler may fire at a wild beast to defend himself in case he is attacked. However, he has to prove the government that he has been attacked and that he has not fired at a harmless animal.
1.What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. The gun is given to a traveler by the government.
B. The gun can be used to hunt.
C. The gun is given to a traveler to defend himself.
D. A traveler may fire at a wild beast.
2.Which is the thing people have to do while traveling in the park?
A. Carry a gun with him.
B. Drive around in a car.
C. Look at the animals.
D. Purchase food for the animals.
3.What is the passage mainly about?
A. Some information about traveling in a safari park in South Africa.
B. A brief introduction to wild animals in a safari park.
C. A brief introduction to a safari park.
D. Some information about traveling in South Africa.
Most episodes (片段) of absent-mindedness—forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered a room—are caused by a simple lack of attention.” says Schacter. “You’re supposed to remember something, but you haven’t encoded it deeply.”
“Encoding”, Schacter explains, “is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major effect on remembering it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re involved in a conversation, you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your wardrobe (衣柜).” “Your memory itself isn’t failing you,” says Schacter. “Rather, you didn’t give your memory system the information it needed.”
Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. “A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago,” says Zelinski, “may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.” Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment. And memory depends on just that.
“Reminders can help prevent absent-mindedness,” says Schacter. “But be sure the reminder is clear and available,” he says. If you want to remember to take medicine with lunch, put it on the kitchen table— don’t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.
Another common episode of absent-mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you’re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time,” says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely remember.
1.Why does the writer think that encoding is important?
A. It helps us understand our memory system better.
B. It enables us to remember something from our memory.
C. It expands our memory ability greatly.
D. It slows down the process of losing our memory.
2.Why can a note in the pocket hardly serve as a reminder?
A. Because it will easily get lost.
B. Because it’s not clear enough for you to read.
C. Because it’s out of your sight.
D. Because it might get mixed up with other things.
3.What do we learn from the last paragraph?
A. If we pay more attention to one thing, we might forget another.
B. Memory depends to a certain extent on the environment.
C. Doing something again helps improve our memory.
D. If we keep forgetting things, we’d better return to where we were.
4.What is the passage mainly about?
A. The process of gradual memory loss.
B. The causes of absent-mindedness.
C. The influence of the environment on memory.
D. A way of encoding and remembering.
After entering high school, you must wonder how to study well. Here are some good skills for you.
1. Go to class. If you want to do well at school, going to class is the first step in studying well. If you miss classes, you will miss what the teacher thinks is important. As a result, you'll miss what is the most likely to end up on the test. 1.
2. Take good notes. Try not to write down everything. 2.Write down unfamiliar terms. After class, review your notes as soon as possible. You can fill in details that you missed and review the material while it is still fresh on your mind.
3. 38.3.If you are struggling in class, talk to your teacher. He or she may be able to give you more help before or after class. Most teachers have little sympathy(同情)for students who just become worried about failing during the last few weeks of the grading period.
4. Take part in class discussions..4.Asking questions and having eye contact with your teachers and classmates can increase your participation(参与)and your focus during the class discussion. If the material is difficult, you'd better read it before class. This helps you make your point clear in class.
5. Form study group. Get students together who want to do well in class. Make sure that everyone is familiar with the material because you do not want to spend time re-teaching material to people who do not understand it. 5. Sometimes group sessions(会议)can become chatting sessions.
A. But be careful!
B. Don't be late for your class.
C. Talk to your teacher if you need help.
D. You should write down all the new terms.
E. So if you want to study well, go to every class.
F. All you need is to put down the main points in your own words.
G. In order to learn more in class, it is helpful to take part in class discussions.
Margie was the best hostess. She greeted everyone at the door, and she _____ candies and offered drinks. Margie _____ that everyone had a good time and that absolutely everything was _____ . But this was not Margie’s party. She was a _____ at the party like everyone else, and yet she acted as if she owned the _____ . She wants to be _____ and needs to be in control. I used to be like Margie, _____ to control the uncontrollable. I felt _____ the feelings and actions of the people around me. My body ached due to the weight I put on my own _____ .
One day while I was out with a friend, I realized how far my desire for _____ had gotten. As I talked to my friend, a stranger’s towel was blown away. I _____ in vain for the towel. My friend called me on it and I _____ realized the extent (程度) my sense of responsibility had gotten. Realizing I was _____ living my life, I had to make a(n) _____ .
If we turn to _____ ,we see that it does not fight for control. A stream does not try to _____ its own course; water simply flows the path of least resistance (阻力). A _____ does not create an exact flight plan; a plane trusts its inner guidance system and adapts _____ to new wind currents (气流).
Next time you try to control the uncontrollable, take a breath. ____ and wait. You will find things can be better, with less effort, and in _____ ways you could not have imagined. And you will find a love of life again.
1.A. bought B. produced C. collected D. passed
2.A. admitted B. remembered C. ensured D. recognized
3.A. perfect B. different C. convenient D. cheap
4.A. customer B. guest C. servant D. neighbor
5.A. place B. company C. team D. land
6.A. in secret B. in time C. in order D. in charge
7.A. helping B. agreeing C. trying D. learning
8.A. angry about B. responsible for C. content with D. sensitive to
9.A. shoulders B. sides C. dreams D. feet
10.A. energy B. wealth C. happiness D. control
11.A. asked B. begged C. rushed D. waited
12.A. finally B. frequently C. totally D. unfortunately
13.A. often B. nearly C. just D. seldom
14.A. change B. promise C. order D. report
15.A. money B. space C. nature D. society
16.A. carry B. offer C. invite D. direct
17.A. train B. tree C. bird D. plane
18.A. suddenly B. eventually C. possibly D. easily
19.A. Struggle B. Relax C. Return D. Decide
20.A. interesting B. amazing C. exciting D. confusing
If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别) those of 1. (great) and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of 2. (achieve). Leaving the less important things until tomorrow 3. (be) often acceptable.
Most of us are more focused 4.our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early start and try to be as productive 5. possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished.
Recent 6.(study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks7.(regular). Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for 8. while, exercising, or dong something you enjoy.
If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely 9. (bring) your work home. It could be anything-gardening, cooking, music, sports—but whatever it is, 10.(make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about.
I’m sorry to hear that you feel lonely in the new school, because you find hard to make friends. Now, I’d like to offer you any advice.
Firstly, it’s normal for you to feel lonely because you were living in a new environment. Secondly, you should greet your classmates when met them on campus. Thirdly, it will be a good idea if you take an actively part in class activities, what can help them learn more about you. I believe you will be able to make new friends soon unless you’re friendly to the others.
I hope the suggestion above will be helpful to you and everything will be fine with you for the future.