To me, kindness is a chosen lifestyle. In my classroom, I tell my _____that every day they are offered a choice. They can’t choose what happens to them, but they can choose how they ______to it. Kindness is a ______. And it is a lifestyle. It isn’t something that we just choose once in a while---- it is a(n)______to live our lives.____, he chose how to react to it. To this day, seventeen years later , the nurses ______ write my mother letters. The ______? It was because of my father’s kindness to others even when he was _____ against the disease. He made kindness a lifestyle.

And I want to be ______ him.

Every day as a teacher, I try and teach my students the kindness lifestyle. Just recently, I turned 40 and a friend gave me 40 individual dollar bills. She challenged me to do something _____ with the money. I gladly accepted the challenge.

I gave 40 of my students one dollar each and challenged them to make a(n) _____. What happened? My Twitter and Instagram were ______with pictures of kids making the world a better place. One girl bought a dollar store stuffed animal(填充玩具). It was______that kids should have made a difference when they were given the___.

Living the kindness lifestyle _____ every day, every opportunity. As a high school teacher, I see _____ everywhere. In the hallways, in the lunchroom, in the locker room, ______words and gossip(随笔) fill the air. So I started a hashtag (标签) to _____ positive gossip called “third party compliments(称赞)”. The idea is that you talk about people behind their backs, but do it in a _____ way. In that way, the gossip that gets back to students makes their day instead of getting them down.

Our kindness lifestyle leaves a footprint on others, and let us be the movers and kindness-makers who________a better, more beautiful world.

1.A. teachers B. classmates C. students D. friends

2.A. respond B. refer C. return D. contribute

3.A. mood B. goal C. benefit D. choice

4.A. spirit B. way C. chance D. idea

5.A. Therefore B. Otherwise C. However D. Furthermore

6.A. still B. never C. once D. just

7.A. meaning B. solution C. purpose D. reason

8.A. working B. struggling C. seeking D. exercise

9.A. against B. with C. before D. like

10.A. reasonable B. private C. necessary D. creative

11.A. promise B. difference C. profit D. achievement

12.A. concerned B. equipped C. flooded D. decorated

13.A. confusing B. natural C. common D. amazing

14.A. opportunity B. advertisement C. payment D. introduction

15.A. means B. increases C. makes D. explains

16.A. progress B. negativity C. trust D. harmony

17.A. hurtful B. inspiring C. touching D. humorous

18.A. call off B. call for C. turn down D. set aside

19.A. honest B. flexible C. positive D. cautious

20.A. requires B. allows C. promotes D. works

Should we allow modern buildings to be built next to older buildings in a historic area of a city? In order to answer this question, we must first examine whether people really want to preserve the historic feel of an area. Not all historical buildings are attractive. However, there may be other reasons—for example, economic (经济的) reasons—why they should be preserved. So, let us assume that historical buildings are both attractive and important to the majority of people. What should we do then if a new building is needed?

In my view, new architectural styles can exist perfectly well alongside an older style. Indeed, there are many examples in my own home town of Tours where modern designs have been placed very successfully next to old buildings. As long as the building in question is pleasing and does not dominate (影响) its surroundings too much, it often improves the attractiveness of the area.

It is true that there are examples of new buildings which have spoilt (破坏) the area they are in, but the same can be said of some old buildings too. Yet people still speak against new buildings in historic areas. I think this is simply because people are naturally conservative(保守的)and do not like change.

Although we have to respect people’s feelings as fellow users of the buildings, I believe that it is the duty of the architect and planner to move things forward . If we always reproduced what was there before, we would all still be living in caves. Thus, I would argue against copying previous architectural styles and choose something fresh and different , even though that might be the more risky choice.

1.What does the author say about historical buildings in the first paragraph?

A. Some of them are not attractive.

B. Most of them ate too expensive to preserve.

C. They are more pleasing than modern buildings.

D. They have nothing to do with the historic feel of an area.

2.Which of the following is true according to the author ?

A. We should reproduce the same old buildings.

B. Buildings should not dominate their surroundings.

C. Some old buildings have spoilt the area they are in.

D. No one understands why people speak against new buildings.

3.By “move things forward ” in the last paragraph , the author probably means“

A. destroy old buildings

B. put things in a different place

C. respect people’s feelings for historical buildings

D. choose new architectural styles

4.What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. To explain why people dislike change.

B. To argue that modern buildings can be built in historic areas.

C. To warn that we could end up living in caves.

D. To admit how new buildings have ruined their surroundings.

There is one type of illness in the world that has a severe effect on more people than anything else and is very deadly. If untreated, this illness could affect everything you do. What is this illness? Depression. Serious depression requires professional treatment. Self-induced depression is something each of us can change.

Everyone’s circumstances are different, but the causes of self-induced depression are common: low self-esteem, hurtful thinking and a bad attitude.

So how can we change the way we think, feel, and have a cheerful attitude?

First we must look at ourselves, truly and honestly examining our motives for what we wish to accomplish. If you are dissatisfied because you feel you haven’t or can’t do anything, then one step is needed—to set goals.

Always start your goals relatively small and easy to attain. Think of them as sand; one grain may be insignificant(微不足道的) but as a group they form the beach. Once you have set and attained small goals for yourself, move on to slightly larger, more challenging goals.It takes not just setting goals but positive thinking. How can we obtain this?

There are a number of factors that can make us think negatively and one of those is diet.In my opinion, a person who eats a lot of take-out and fast food is feeding their body junk. Start by eating better foods which give the body much NEEDED minerals. If your physical body is happy, it’s much easier for your mental body or “thinking ability” to be happy.[

Next, exercise. Half an hour a day is recommended for positive well-being. Then think about good memories you had, or generally think of things that make you smile. Remember, everything you wear costs money but to wear a smile is free. A smile can be the difference between an average day and a great day.

If you follow these steps, positive change is on the way.

1.Which of the statements about depression is TRUE?

A. Depression is a kind of illness that can’t be cured like some cancer.

B. Depression can all be cured successfully by doctors in an easy way.

C. Those who suffer from depression live in the same circumstances.

D. Those who suffer from depression hold negative attitudes.

2.According to the passage we can learn that ________.

A. a practical goal can help people to achieve a sense of success

B. we shouldn’t be satisfied with small goals that are insignificant

C. we should avoid challenging goals that may result in failure

D. people can enjoy happiness even if they set inappropriate goals

3.What can we infer from the reading passage?

A. Those who can achieve small goals can surely achieve big ones.

B. Depression has something to do with the food people eat.

C. You can only exercise half an hour if you want to get rid of depression.

D. Smile makes no sense to the feeling in daily life.

Cell phones:Is there a cancer link?

Could your cell phone give you cancer? Whether it could or not, some people are worrying about the possibility that phones, power lines and Wi-Fi could be responsible for a range of illnesses, from rashes to brain tumors.

Some say there is evidence to support the growing anxieties. David Carpenter, a professor of environmental health sciences at the university at Albany, in New York, thinks there’s a greater than 95 percent chance that power lines can cause childhood leukemia (白血病). Also there’s a greater than 90 percent chance that cell phones can cause brain tumors. “It’s apparent now that there’s a real risk, ”said Carpenter.

But others believe these concerns are not justified. Dr Martha Linet, head of radiation epidemiology (流行病学) at the US National Cancer Institute, has looked at the same research as Carpenter but has reached a different conclusion. “I don’t support warning labels for cell phones, ”said Linet. “We don’t have the evidence that there’s much danger.”

Studies so far suggest a weak connection between EMFs (电磁场) and illness—so weak that it might not exist at all. A multinational investigation of cell phones and brain cancer, in 13 countries outside the US, has been underway for several years. It’s funded in part by the European Union, in part by a cell phone industry group. The final report should come out later this year, but data so far don’t suggest a strong link between cell phone use and cancer risk.

1.From the passage we can learn that some people are worried because________.

A. they have evidence that the use of cell phones can lead to cancer

B. they feel surprised and alarmed about cell phone use

C. some experts have given a warning

D. cell phones are responsible for brain tumors

2.By saying “I don’t support warning labels for cell phones, ”Dr Martha Linet has the idea that_______.

A. the worrying is unnecessary

B. cancer—warning labels should be on cell phones

C. there is a link between cell phones and cancer

D. cell phones have nothing to do with cancer

3.Which of the following best describes the attitude of the author towards the debate?

A. Optimistic. B. Objective.

C. Opposite. D. Casual.

4.The underlined word “justified” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to_____.

A. explained B. confirmed (证实、确认)

C. classified D. restricted (限制)

The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned an electric car into a mobile

laboratory named “Drive LAB” in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the key stress points are.

Research shows that giving up driving is one of the key reasons for a fall in health and well-being among older people, leading to them becoming more isolated(隔绝) and inactive.

Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are developing in-vehicle technologies for older drivers which they hope could help them to continue driving into later life.

These include custom-made navigation(导航) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed adaptations. Phil Blythe explains: “For many older people, particularly those living alone or in the country, driving is important for preserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and about without having to rely on others.”

“But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactions slow down and this often results in people avoiding any potentially challenging driving conditions and losing confidence in their driving skills. The result is that people stop driving before they really need to.”

Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains, “The Drive LAB is helping us to understand what the key stress points and difficulties are for older drivers and how we might use technology to address these problems.

“For example, most of us would expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else but surprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constant speed and so were more likely to break the speed limit and be at risk of getting fined. We’re looking at the benefits of systems which control their speed as a way of preventing that.

“We hope that our work will help with technological solutions(解决方案)to ensure that older drivers stays after behind the wheel.”

1.What is the purpose of the Drive LAB?

A. To explore new means of transport. B. To design new types of cars.

C. To find out older driver’s problems. D. To teach people traffic rules.

2.Why is driving important for older people according to Phil Blythe?

A. It keeps them independent. B. It helps them save time.

C. It builds up their strength. D. It cures their mental illnesses.

3.What do researchers hope to do for older drivers?

A. Improve their driving skills. B. Develop driver-assist technologies.

C. Provide tips on repairing their cars. D. Organize regular physical checkups.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. A New Model Electric Car B. A Solution to Traffic Problem

C. Driving Service for Elders D. Keeping Older Drivers on the Road

You often find somebody who works around you complaining(抱怨) all the time, don't you? 1. About 70% of Americans say being around nonstop complainers sometimes has a bad influence on them. Luckily, here are 4 tips to help form positive patterns.


When a negative(消极的) thought pops into your mind, immediately correct it. Instead of telling yourself “That's a nice shirt, but I can't afford it,” change the message to “That will look great with my black pants when I can afford it.” 2.

Of course everyone complains sometimes. But the less frequently you complain, the better you will feel.

2.Distance yourself

3. Excuse yourself and go somewhere quiet, somewhere outdoors in the fresh air. Think of something pleasant before returning. You have to take this seriously because negative people can and will pull you into the quicksand.

3.Don't try to change complainers

If you find yourself trapped in a group of complainers in a meeting or at a social event, simply choose silence. Let their words bounce off you while you think of something else. Attempting to stop the complaining can make you a target. 4. If someone says, “I hate Mondays; weekends are too short,” try to think, “I'm glad I rested up over the weekend, so I'm ready to make some improvement on that big project.”


When someone is shouting at you angrily, throw the responsibility back at them by asking, “So what do you intend to do about it?” In most cases, complainers don't really want a solution(解决方法). They just want to speak them out. If you make them aware that they themselves have to find the solutions, they will leave you alone and find someone else to complain to. If so, you will be happy.

A.Find solutions

B.Change responsibility

C.You have got a lot of company.

D.By doing this, it will lead to positive behaviors.

E.But you can redirect the discussion in your own mind.

F.Whenever possible, escape from negative conversations.

G.You will never know what they are going to talk about.

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