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Andy lived high in the Rocky Mountains. He hunted wild animals there and he also took other men to hunt, which was his work.
One day a letter brought Andy a new job. This job changed both his feeling about animals and his way of hunting. The letter said, “I want to write a story about bighorn sheep（大角羊）． I need pictures to go with my story. Will you get pictures of the sheep for me?"
Andy's two sons wanted their father to take the job. "We will help you!” they said. Bighorn sheep are very wild. Andy knew it would be hard to get their pictures. “But why not try?" they said.
For days, Andy and his sons tried to get their pictures, They did not want the sheep to hear them or see them, so they walked softly. They hid behind rocks, but the sheep always ran away.
Then one day, Andy and his sons walked around a big rock. They met some sheep face to face, but they didn't run. "Now I know why the sheep run away," Andy said. "They run because we come up behind them. From now on, we will stay where they can see us."
The next day; Andy saw some sheep right out in the open. He and his sons walked toward them. They did not try to hide, and they did walk slowly. They knew that any fast move would frighten them away．
"Don't look direct at the sheep," Andy said. "Wild animals do not like to be looked at. They will run away. " They looked off to this side and to that side, and they walked closer and closer. And soon they were close enough to get good clear pictures.
They made good friends with the wild sheep—and sent many fine pictures to the writer for his story. Since then, they have never hunted the bighorn sheep again.
1.What was the new job Andy got?
A. To hunt bighorn sheep.
B. To protect bighorn sheep.
C. To take pictures of bighorn sheep.
D. To write a story about bighorn sheep.
2.What is the right way to get close to bighorn sheep?
A. Looking directly at them.
B. Walking slowly to their faces.
C. Running to them from one side.
D. Following them from behind.
3.What did Andy gain from his new job?
A. He won respect from his children.
B. He was well paid by the story writer.
C. He knew better how to use a camera.
D. He learned more about bighorn sheep.
Maybe no one forgets their first bike and there is no exception to a woman like me. Mine was a Schwinn coaster bike, second-hand, painted red and yellow by its previous owner. I remember riding too fast down the big hill on Springfield Avenue. I knew at once that the world was mine to explore.
A couple of years later, when I was 11, my grandmother visited from England, bringing me a bike. It was a dark green one, with three gears (齿轮) and hand brakes. As the owner of the first English bike my friends had ever seen, I was almost famous.
Unlike my coaster bike, it was light—riding it felt like flying. I rode past big stone houses with their huge yards and trees. I rode past brick row houses. I rode alone and with groups of friends.
That beloved bike went with me to college, carrying me to the library and to classes. Beyond transport, it was often a prop (道具): Pushing it along as I walked the college paths made me feel less self-conscious. Somehow, conversation flowed more easily on either side of a bike.
After college, I lived abroad for a while. Returning from London, I discovered to my horror that my parents had sold my bike.
For years after that, I didn't have a bike that was really mine. Teaching in a New England prep school (学校), I simply rode whatever bikes its graduates had left behind. I rode around the little town on bikes with gears and brakes that often failed. I did not take any of those bikes with me when I moved south to the coastal town where I now live. But after a while I missed riding.
Finally, on a fall day, I bought a bike. Called a comfort bike, it has wider tires than my old bike and seven gears. But it is green—a brighter green bike.
Still, I was a bit worried; I was a lot older. I brought the bike home and put on my helmet—I'd never worn a helmet before. Then I got on the bike. After a difficult start, I felt exactly as I was on that long-ago day on Springfield Avenue: free. Soon I was riding along, watching the waves break. It seemed that everyone I passed smiled. And I knew they all remembered their first bike and how it had set them free. I wanted to call back to them, "It still can!"
1.According to the article, the author's beloved bike ________.
A. was a red and yellow coaster bike
B. made her the envy of all her friends
C. was her birthday gift from her grandmother
D. made her shy and awkward at times at college
2.When she was teaching at a prep school, the author ________.
A. didn't like her once-beloved bike
B. got out of the habit of riding bikes
C. loved exploring the little town by riding around
D. rode bikes that had been recommended to her by graduates
3.What happened to the author after she moved to the coastal town?
A. She bought another coaster like her old one.
B. She found that she was too old to ride a bike.
C. She challenged herself to ride a more demanding bike.
D. She regained the feeling that her first bike had given her.
4.What was the author's main purpose in writing this article?
A. To describe the different bikes she has been riding alone.
B. To recall the joy and freedom she has enjoyed thanks to riding.
C. To inform us of the fun and benefits of riding bikes with others.
D. To tell us about how she grew up through her riding experiences.
Is it possible to persuade mankind to live without war? War is an ancient institution which has existed for at least six thousand years. It was always bad and usually foolish, but in the past the human race managed to live with it. Modern creativity has changed this. Either man will abolish war, or war will abolish man. For the present, it is nuclear weapons that cause the most serious danger, but bacteriological (使用细菌的) or chemical weapons, may soon offer an even greater threat. If we succeed in abolishing nuclear weapons, our work will not be done. It will never be done until we have succeeded in abolishing war. To do this, we need to persuade mankind to look upon international problems in a new way, not by contests of force, in which the victory goes to the side which is the most skillful in killing people, but by arbitration (仲裁) according to agreed principles of law. It is not easy to change very old mental habits, but this is what must be attempted.
There are those who say that the adoption of this or that thought would prevent war. I believe this to be a big error. All thoughts are based on statements which are, at best, doubtful, and at worst, totally false. Their followers believe in them that they are willing to go to war in support them.
The movement of world opinion during the past few years has changed very largely such as we can welcome. It is believed that nuclear war must be avoided. Of course very difficult problems remain in the world, but the attitude towards them is a better one than it was several years ago. It has begun to be thought, even by the powerful men who decide whether we shall live or die, that people should reach agreements even if both sides do not find these agreements wholly satisfactory. It has begun to be understood that the important conflict nowadays is not between different countries, but between man and the atom bomb.
1.It is implied in the first paragraph that war now is ________.
A. as bad as in the past B. as necessary as in the past
C. worse than in the past D. not so dangerous as in the past
2.The underlined word "this" in Paragraph l probably refers to "________".
A. improving weapons B. abolishing war
C. solving international problems D. living a peaceful life
3.From Paragraph 2, we learn that the author ________.
A. is a supporter of some modem thoughts
B. has no doubt about the truth of any thought
C. believes the adoption of some thoughts could prevent war
D. does not think the adoption of any thought could stop war
4.What can be inferred about war according to the author?
A. It must be abolished if man wants to survive.
B. It is the only way to solve international problems.
C. It is impossible for the people to live without war.
D. It will be less dangerous because of the improvement of weapons.
Traditionally, it has been the worker's role to work and management's role to manage.
Managers have planned and directed the finds operations with little thought of consulting the labor force. Managers have rarely felt forced to obtain the worker's opinions or to explain their decisions to their employees. At most, companies have provided "suggestion boxes" in which workers could place ideas for improving procedures. In recent years, however, many management specialists have been arguing that workers are more than sellers of labor—they have a vital stake (利害关系) in the company and may be able to make significant contributions to its management. Furthermore, major company decisions affect workers and their dependants. This is particularly true of plant closings, which may put thousands on the unemployment lines. Should workers, then, play a stronger role in management?
Workers should have a role in management. At the very least, the labor force should be informed of major policy decisions. A common complaint among ordinary workers is the lack of information about company policies and actions. Between 1980 and 1985 about five million workers were the victims of plant closings and permanent layoffs (失业) , often with no warning. At least 90 days' notice ought to he given in such circumstances so that workers have time to adjust. Management should consult workers before closing a plant, because the workers might be able to suggest ways of improving productivity and reducing costs and might be willing to make concessions (妥协) that will help keep the plant operating.
It should become a general practice to include workers in some managerial decision making. There ought to be representatives of the workers on the firm's board of directors or other major policy-making groups. If ordinary workers are given a voice in the planning and management of the work flow, they will help to make improvements, their spirits will rise, and their productivity will increase. As a further incentive (激励), they must be given a share in the company's profits. This can be done through employee stock ownership plans (员工持股计划), bonuses, or rewards for efficiency and productivity. Finally, when a plant can no longer operate at a profit, the workers should be given the opportunity to purchase the plant and run it themselves.
1.What can we learn about managers from Paragraph l?
A. They were not quite qualified.
B. They disliked "suggestion boxes".
C. They never consulted the labor force.
D. They seldom obtained workers' opinions.
2.In recent years, many management specialists have been arguing that workers ________.
A. are not sellers of the products any longer
B. should have a say in management of the company
C. are less affected by company decisions than before
D. are able to make the final decisions for the company
3.According to the passage, what happened between 1980 and 1985?
A. Workers did not make necessary concessions.
B. Many companies were closed because of strikes.
C. Managers consulted workers before closing a plant.
D. About 5 million workers were laid off without advance notice.
4.If they are not given a voice in managerial decision making, workers ________.
A. cannot get a share in the company's profits
B. will not have the opportunity to purchase the plant
C. may lack the incentive to increase their productivity
D. can still get bonuses for efficiency and productivity
Coffee is one of the most popular drinks around the world. 1. Experts think that there are more flavors of coffee than there are of wine. Coffee contains caffeine, something that raises our awareness, keeps us from falling asleep or simply gives us 8 kick in the morning or after lunch.
2.For a long time doctors have told people not to drink too much coffee, because it may lead to heart problems, high blood pressure, and headaches.
Scientists have now found out that it is the quality of coffee and the way it is made that hold the key to our health. 3. Among other things, this is linked to the consumption of a strong coffee. Experts also point out that different roasts and types of coffee beans have different effects on our health. Milk and sugar change the different levels of caffeine in a cup of coffee.
A new study by a Harvard research group says that there is no link between coffee and health problems. Drinking several cups of strong coffee a day is not connected with early death other heart diseases. Coffee has many advantages, as the new study suggests. While alcohol makes people sleepy and slow moving, coffee gives them energy. 4.
Although a lot still needs to be uncovered about coffee, it seems to reduce the risk of cancer and diabetes（糖尿病）．5. But reports show that people who drink coffee may develop Parkinson's disease later in life, or maybe not at all.
A. There are many different types of coffee.
B. Scientists ask people not to drink coffee at night.
C. Elderly people in Greece live longer than normal.
D. Doctors think that coffee may have a positive effect on our brain.
E. Sugar can change the different levels of caffeine in a cup of coffee.
F. However, food experts are still undecided on how healthy coffee is
G. Getting together for a cup of coffee also has a positive effect on relationships.
It was Easter 1990, and my family was on a once-in-a-lifetime trip to the Solomon Islands for my sister's wedding.
I was traveling with my husband, my four-year-old son and my daughter, who was nearly two. We'd been_______that it was very hot in the Solomon, so we _______lots of light cotton clothes and were wearing the same as it was summer. The only problem was that we had to catch an overnight bus that_______at midnight for the airport so we could make our early morning _______to Honiara. It was cold on the bus! My husband and I were snuggling（依偎）our children as close as we could, trying to keep them _______. The bus stopped many times as passengers got on and off, and we didn't take much _______. The little ones were _______, unable to sleep for the biting cold. Then at one stop, an older lady came forward from the back of the bus and paused by our seat. I sat forward to see what she wanted and she _______ a small blanket, My little girl reached _______for it and pulled it tight around her. The lady said she'd made the blanket herself and, seeing that we were cold. she wanted us to use it. After she went back to her seat, our now-warm children ________off, and they slept comfortably all the way to the airport. Just a stop or two ________ we arrived, the lady made her way to the door to get off. I tried to________the children to return her blanket, but she protested. "No," she said, " ________ it. I can always make another one!" Over the years, that little blanket became a ________to me and to my children of the kindness of strangers. I told the story to the children over and over and hung the blanket on the end of my daughter's bed so we would see it ________. That blanket was handmade with the colors carefully chosen. Yet its maker ________ with it to keep my family warm for a night. If ever people were bad or ________, it served as a reminder that there is goodness in the world.
I am forever________, not just for the warmth that night, but for the lifelong reminder of the ________ of people. That blanket has warmed my ________.
1.A. confirmed B. told C. advised D. persuaded
2.A. offered B. piled C. packed D. discovered
3.A. left B. went C. pulled D. drove
4.A. train B. visit C. ride D. flight
5.A. comfortable B. warm C. calm D. quiet
6.A. notice B. care C. action D. interest
7.A. naughty B. hungry C. restless D. energetic
8.A. showed out B. made out C. put out D. held out
9.A. eagerly B. silently C. patiently D. bravely
10.A. slept B. came C. shook D. nodded
11.A. as B. until C. before D. after
12.A. unload B. unwrap C. unfold D. uncover
13.A. keep B. possess C. return D. bring
14.A. sign B. mark C. symbol D. decoration
15.A. closely B. regularly C. carefully D. ＆eely
16.A. remained B. handed C. deserted D. parted
17.A. cruel B. sensitive C. cautious D. ugly
18.A. delighted B. pitiful C. grateful D. excited
19.A. appreciation B. nature C. welcome D. goodness
20.A. body B. life C. past D. future
Hongbao, a red envelope with small amounts of money in, is a gift that is guaranteed to be warmly received, not only because of the cash, but also because of its 1.(tradition) symbolism and best wishes for the future. This is true throughout China, 2.(especial) in the south where people regard receiving hongbao 3. a lucky beginning of the New Year. Legend in the south has “that a devil（魔鬼）used to appear 4. (harm) children and the elderly. Loud noise would frighten the devil away, as the color red did. Firecrackers took care of the noise and during the Spring Festival couplets(对联） also helped keep him away. 5. firecrackers couldn't go off all day, so children and the elderly also got hongbao, red envelopes 6.(contain) money.
The tradition 7.(survive) thousands of years and giving hongbao to children and the elderly remains popular among Chinese people all over the world. It has also made its way into workplaces where 8.(boss) often give employees hongbao and most recently, companies have adopted online marketing strategies（营销策划）9. hongbao is distributed, hoping 10.(they) companies and staff members have a good start.
Giving hongbao at the beginning of the Lunar New Year indicates best wishes for the future.
Linda's father bought her the new bike the day before yesterday, that made her very excited. Then she began to ride it fast on the road. Seen a man getting close to her, Linda couldn't stop it and as a result, she knocked onto the man. Being very kind, so the man didn't scold her at all. Instead, he told her how dangerously it was to ride a bike so fast. He asked her to keep the lesson in mind. Linda felt regretful but ashamed. She promised keep the lesson in mind for ever. Then, the man bend down and began to repair her bike. After a while, he got them repaired. Linda was greatly moved. She thanked the man and left him happily.