My wood-shop teacher, Mr. August J. Bachmann, was the most influential teacher I ever had.I had gotten into ______ in his class: Another student had pushed me into a wood lathe (车床), and I became _____ and began to hit him. Mr. Bachmann stopped the ______, but instead of sending me to the office, he sat me down and asked a simple question:“Penna, why areyou ______ your life? Why aren't you going to college?”

I didn't know anything about ______ . No one had ever considered that a fatherless boy from the poorest neighborhood had a ______. That day, instead of rushing off for ______ , he stayed and explained possible______ options to me. At the end of our ______ , he sent me to see a secretary who had a child at a state college. This was in 1962.

Well, 53 years have passed, and what have I done with the ______he gave me? I gained a PhD from Fordham University when I was only 29. I ____

English and social studies and then ________ the chain of command from teacher to headmaster.I've sat on the board(董事会) for Magnet Schools of America and ______ that organization at the United Nations. I've won a number of prestigious (声望很高的) educational awards. ______ where would I be if atruly ______ teacher had not taken the time out of his lunch period to speak to me?It was ______ only his confidence in me that pushed me forward.I have

____ his kindness hundreds of times by encouraging misguided youngsters to ______ higher. If I have ______ any children, it is because of him. If I have been a ______ educator, it is because I had a great role model in Mr. Bachmann.

1.A. debt B. water C. prison D. trouble

2.A. afraid B. angry C. brave D. curious

3.A. play B. game C. fight D. quarrel

4.A. wasting B. ending C. changing D. living

5.A. schools B. colleges C. friendship D. teamwork

6.A. role B. try C. job D. future

7.A. work B. rest C. lunch D. emergency

8.A. education B. interest C. exercise D. career

9.A. talk B. class C. trip D. silence

10.A. money B. knowledge C. luck D. experience

11.A. chose B. quitted C. taught D. learned

12.A. set up B. moved up C. gave up D. took up

13.A. founded B. supported C. helped D. represented

14.A. So B. Or C. But D. And

15.A. caring B. honest C. clever D. humorous

16.A. after all B. without question C. in reality D. beyond expectation

17.A. repaid B. shown C. recognized D. received

18.A. jump B. climb C. aim D. feel

19.A. praised B. surprised C. understood D. saved

20.A. successful B. confident C. strict D. special

Four years ago, we asked ourselves: what if we could create a shopping experience with no waiting in lines and no checkout? Or could we create a physical store where customers could simply take what they want and go? Our answer to those questions is Amazon Go, where you could experience the idea of “just walk out shopping”.

Amazon Go is a new kind of store with no checkout required. We created the world’s most advanced shopping technology, so you never have to wait in line. With our “just walk out shopping” experience, simply use the Amazon Go app to enter the store, take the products you want, and go! No lines, no checkout.

Our checkout-free shopping experience is made possible by the same types of technologies used in self-driving cars: computer vision, sensor fusion, and deep learning. Our “just walk out technology” automatically detects when products are taken from or returned to the shelves and keeps track of them in your virtual cart. When you’re done shopping, you can just leave the store. Shortly after, we’ll charge your Amazon account and send you a receipt.

We offer delicious ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made fresh every day by our on-site chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Our selection of foodstuff ranges from bread and milk to cheeses and locally made chocolates. You’ll find well-known brands we love, plus special finds we’re excited to introduce to customers. For a quick home-cooked dinner, pick up one of our chef-designed Amazon Meal Kits, and you can make a meal for two in about 30 minutes.

Our 1,800-square-foot shopping space is conveniently compact(紧凑的), so busy customers

can get in and out fast. It is located at 2131, 7th Ave, Seattle, WA, on the corner of 7th Avenue and Blanchard Street. All you need is an Amazon account, a supported smartphone, and the free Amazon Go app.

Amazon Go is currently only open to Amazon employees in our testing program, and will be open to the public soon.

1.From the passage, we can learn that Amazon Go .

A. is a checkout-free store B. sells all kinds of goods

C. is open to the public D. uses unknown technologies

2.What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 3?

A. When Amazon Go charges. B. How Amazon Go works.

C. Where Amazon Go lies. D. What Amazon Go sells.

3.Customers pay for the products from Amazon Go by .

A. paying cash at the counter B. walking out of the store

C. using their Amazon accounts D. scanning smartphones when leaving

4.The main purpose of the passage is to .

A. encourage people to shop online B. advise people to work for Amazon

C. inform people of a new concept store D. tell people of the shopping experience

Why Do People Blink Their Eyes?

People blink(眨眼) their eyes tens of thousands of times every day. Scientists have long believed blinking was an involuntary movement and served mainly to keep the eyeballs wet. But a new study suggests it has a more important purpose.

An international team of scientists from the University of California at Berkeley studied the blinking of human eyelids. The journal Current Biology published their findings. The team said they found that blinking “repositions our eyeballs so we can stay focused” on what we are seeing. They said that when we blink our eyelids, the eyes roll back into their sockets—the bony area that surrounds and protects the eyes. However, the researchers found the eyes don’t always return to the same position. They said this causes the brain to tell the eye muscles to reorganize our eyesight.

Gerrit Maus is the lead writer of the report. He serves as an assistant professor of psychology at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. Maus said, “Our eye muscles are quite sluggish(迟缓的) and imprecise, so the brain needs to constantly adapt its motor signals to make

sure our eyes are pointing where they’re supposed to. Our findings suggested that the brain measures the difference in what we see before and after a blink, and commands the eye muscles to make the needed corrections.” The researchers said that without such corrections our surroundings

would appear unclear and even jumpy. They said the movement acts “like a Steadicam(摄影稳定

器) of the mind.”

The researchers said they asked volunteers to sit in a dark room while staring at a small dot on a flat surface. They used special cameras to follow the volunteer’s blinks and eye movements. After each blink, the dot was moved one centimeter to the right. The volunteers did not notice this, but the brain did. It followed the movement and directed the eye muscles to refocus on the dot. After the dot was moved in this way 30 times, the volunteers’ eyes changed their focus to the place where they predicted it would be.

Professor Maus said, “Even though participants did not consciously register that the dot had moved, their brains did, and adjusted with the corrective eye movements. These findings add to our understanding of how the brain constantly adapts to changes, commanding our eye muscles to correct for errors in our bodies’ own hardware.”

1.According to the new study, blinking eyes can .

A. serve to keep the eyeballs wet B. reposition eyeballs to stay focused

C. consciously correct eye movements D. make our eyes adapt to motor signals

2.From the experiment, we can learn that .

A. volunteers could see the moving dot with special cameras

B. the eyeballs could stay in the place as they were predicted

C. participants were aware of the dot’s movements to the right

D. the brain commanded the eye muscles to refocus on the dot

3.The underlined word “register” in Paragraph 5 probably means .

A. realize B. refocus

C. reserve D. reason

4.This passage shows that .

A. eye muscles are quite inactive and imprecise

B. the research is of great value in the eye movement

C. the brain plays an important role in seeing things clearly

D. volunteers control their blinks to follow the changes of the dots

Everyone knows that if a dog’s ears are up and its tail is wagging energetically, it is definitely pleased to see you. but now scientists using a robot have found that the way dogs use their tails is more complicated th an we thought, and that dogs which wag them to the left may he more friendly. The animal psychologists discovered that when real dogs approached a life-sized robot dog, they were less cautious about it when it was wagging its tail to the left, while if it was wagging its tail to the right, far fewer dogs approached it in a confident manner.

In the first experiments, 56 percent of the animals approached the model without hesitation when the tail was wagged to the left, while only 21 percent did so in the other situation. When the researchers excluded(排除)owners from being present, the result were: 31 percent of the dogs

approached continuously when the tail was wagging to the left, while only 18 percent did so when it was on the right.

Animal psychologist Roger Mugford said it added to the growing evidence that does were even more complicated comm unicators than the animals more closely related to man such as monkeys. He said, “We know that dogs, in a sense, have languages, but it is more complicated because it is not just them wagging their tails, but also giving out chemical displays.”

He adds, “The research confirms earlier studies suggesting that dogs, like humans, had a left-side preference. If you are going to present a signal to a dog, it is sensible to put it on your left-hand side because that is where dogs, unlike most other animals, tend to look. It is another example of the similarity betwe en dogs and humans. They are a lot more human than we give them credit for.”

1.What does it tell us if a dog wags its tail to the right?

A. It was very energetic B. It was in a bad mood

C. It might be unfriendly D. It must be confident

2.What can be inferred from the second paragraph?

A. Some dogs approach the robot dog confidently

B. Most dogs were afraid to approach the robot dog

C. Some dogs lack confidence with their owners present

D. Dog owners may influence the behaviour of their pets

3.What can we learn from animal psychologist’s experiments?

A. Dogs can communicate more than human beings

B. Dogs have more complicated emotions than monkeys

C. Dogs’ tail-wagging conveys more information than previously believed

D. Dogs’ intelligence can be much higher than any other kind of animal

4.What can we infer from Roger Mugfords words?

A. The Left-side preference should be studied further

B. Dogs have more in common with humans than we think

C. No other animals show the left-side preference except dogs

D. Dogs have a more complicated language than we people do

Nowadays, more people lose their jobs and the prices of goods and services steadily increase. 1.. But where do I start? Everything I’m paying for is necessity. There’s nothing I can cut down on.

But if you take a careful and objective look at your bills and all the “stuff” you’re paying for, you actually do not need a good majority of them. I’ve put together 5 tips that you can follow right now to reduce your costs.

1.Cut Back on Eating out.

Maybe you didn’t notice eating out is one of the things at your budget and you can save so much money just by reducing the number of times you eat out. 2.It’s so much cheaper preparing food at home and healthier too. This does not mean that you should never eat out. You can choose special days to eat out like birthdays or anniversaries.

2.Reduce Your Electricity Consumption

3.This will help reduce your electricity consumption. With CFLs(节能灯)you save so much on power. Also unplug appliances(家用电器)that you’re not using.

3.Cut Back on Magazine or Print Subscription(订阅费)

Magazines are great but sometimes they come with articles that you don’t really care about so you don’t bother reading them. 4.Review your magazine or print subscriptions to determine which ones to unsubscribe from. You can also draw out a list of topics or categories you like reading about and search for free online alternatives where you can read about the topic of your choice.

4.Cancel Your Gym Membership or Go for a Pay-Per-Use Plan.

Exercise is important to stay healthy. In fact, you save more money when you stay physically fit than if you are in poor health. But there are more affordable ways to keep fit, if you exercise for health’s sake and no as a body builder or something.

Exercise at home or jog around your neighborhood. If you can’t work out without an exercise trainer, try searching for exercise routines on You Tube. If you want to u se gym equipment, then you can convert your gym membership style to pay-per-use. 5.

Of course, you don’t need to practice all of these at once, but if you are really willing to cut down on those costs, then one of these will surely come in handy.

A.Start by turning off the lights you’re not using.

B.They’re so simple but the results are impressive

C.As an alternative, make more home-cooked meals

D.It’s time for you to take action and do something about your bills

E.That way you pay only when you come to the gym to use the equipment

F.Invest in gym equipment to cut down recurrent costs of gym membership

G.These days most of the information or news is available on the Internet for free.

A few weeks ago, I was sitting in the window seat of the super-crowded ladies’ compartment in a train to Mumbai. I’d been ______to find a seat because I had got in at the first station. In a few minutes, the seats were all _____, and many other people had to stand in the jam-packed


One of them was a little girl. It was ______that she was used to the crowd, since she knew how to ___her position to the one that was the most. ___. I felt a little uneasy sitting there watching her having to stand.

I knew what I should do. ___, I had to overcome some internal ___before I could do anything. “Would I look foolish trying to help her?” I wondered. Then I thought, “Maybe this sort of thing is quite ______, and nobody would think the worse of me if I did not do anything.” My ___continued, “Am I thinking too much of the whole thing?” ___, I felt a little shy just reaching out. But I told myself, “Well, ___you are thinking about it, go the whole way.” So, a minute later, I ___the child and asked her to sit on my lap for the rest of the ___ride. Though I _______a bit while offering it to her, the surprised and delighted _____on the child’s

face was enough to

_____all my doubts away. And then, I began to think instead, “Why hadn’t

I offered it to her even earlier? What was_______me?”

Somehow, the gift of gratitude she given me was far beyond the slight discomfort. It was difficult to say who was doing the giving. She was so ___that she sat at the very edge of my knee, supporting half her ____so that there was less on me and my legs wouldn’t hurt. I felt glad that I’d finally done the _____thing.

1.A. difficult B. clever C. lucky D. shocked

2.A. taken B. booked C. emptied D. controlled

3.A. interesting B. practical C. strange D. evident

4.A. direct B. hold C. interrupt D. adjust

5.A. careful B. familiar C. comfortable D. beautiful

6.A. Then B. Therefore C. Besides D. However

7.A. thoughts B. barriers C. challenges D. movements

8.A. unique B. simple C. regular D. common

9.A. doubts B. plans C. decisions D. cheers

10.A. Hopefully B. Actually C. Usually D. Fortunately

11.A. unless B. after C. since D. although

12.A. praise B. phoned C. called D. recognized

13.A. bus B. train C. boat D. plane

14.A. hesitated B. regretted C. imagined D. predicted

15.A. shine B. look C. cry D. puzzle

16.A. order B. require C. force D. permit

17.A. stopping B. encouraging C. relaxing D. supporting

18.A. fearful B. careless C. honest D. considerate

19.A. action B. weight C. work D. pressure

20.A. same B. real C. right D. terrible

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