TIANJIN, Nov.23 (Xinhua)- Chinese scientists have signed a deal to establish a commercial animal cloning center in the northern port city of Tianjin, making the controversial science closer to mainstream acceptance.

The plant in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA), a government-sponsored business development park, will clone animals including sniffer and pet dogs, beef cattle and racehorses. Its main building is already under construction and due to be put to use in the near future, said a spokesman on Monday.

With an investment of 200 million yuan, the center will be jointly built by Sinica, Peking University’s Institute of Molecular Medicine, the Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biomedicine, and the Republic of Korea’s Sooam Biotech Research Foundation.

It will produce 100,000 cattle embryos a year initially, eventually increasing to 1 million, said Xu Xiaochun, board chairman of Boyalife Group, based in Wuxi. Chinese farmers are struggling to produce enough beef cattle to meet market demand, Xu said. The center, the largest ever worldwide, will also include a gene storage area and a museum, he added.

Scientists have cloned mice, cattle and other animals since the world’s first cloned sheep, Dolly, was born on July 5,1996 iii Britain. Since 2000, Chinese scientists have cloned sheep, cattle and pigs. China’s first commercial cloning company was established in September 2014 in Shandong with the birth of three pure-blooded Tibetan mastiff puppies.

Before this, cloning in China was limited to scientific research. More and more companies have shown interest in investing in the technology for commercial use, especially animal husbandry (饲养).

1.What is main purpose of the new animal cloning center mentioned in the passage?

A. Artistic creation. B. Money making.

C. Scientific research. D. Public welfare.

2.It can be inferred from the passage that .

A. the establishment of the animal cloning center will be a combined effort

B. the main building of the animal cloning center has already come into use

C. the center will finally increase its annual cattle embryos production to 1 billion

D. the world’s first cloned sheep, Dolly, was born on July 5,1996 m America

3.What is the best title of the passage?

A. The history of cloning

B. Scientific research of cloning

C. Largest animal cloning center to be built in Tianjin

D. Animal cloning making a breakthrough in China

4.What type of writing is this passage?

A. An exhibition guide. B. A news report.

C. A scientific report. D. A book review.

Recently, I felt like I reached a very low point in life. My relationships weren't good, I wasn't enjoying my classes, and I felt like I had nothing to_________.My life seemed to be full of endless homework, tests and loneliness. Nothing anyone said seemed________to me. I wasn't sure what to do about myself. All I wanted was to be happy again, but I didn't know who or what would________that.

During these days, I had trouble sleeping. I had to take sleeping pills but still woke up in the midnight. I had no_________but to tell my dad. He_________the book The Secret. I immediately bought the e-book online and read the whole thing that night. I'm_________quite a stubborn person, but the effect on my mood after finishing the book was_________. Suddenly, I felt like life was beautiful again. I had never felt such a deep and quick_________in my life before.

In fact, the book's message was very simple—think positively(积极地).The book had many success stories about how people were able to________money, soul mates(心灵伙伴)and old friends back into their lives. I started learning to thank everything in my life like them. Little by little, I realized that The Secret could only work________I believed these people's success stories.

Now I'm sure I can bring myself happiness.

1.A. take care of B. come up with C. look down on D. look forward to

2.A. helpful B. colourful C. peaceful D. powerful

3.A. serve B. offer C. answer D. prevent

4.A. problem B. idea C. need D. doubt

5.A. borrowed B. collected C. returned D. recommended

6.A. normally B. mainly C. finally D. probably

7.A. realistic B. common C. obvious D. serious

8.A. breath B. notice C. surprise D. change

9.A. attract B. control C. imagine D. mention

10.A. until B. When C. unless D. before

Four Wild Animal Species Were Endangered

Maybe you can still see them at the zoo. But that doesn’t mean they’re doing alright in the wild.


All six tiger species are endangered, with Sumatran tigers and South Chin tigers at a seriously endangered status. The main reasons for their population decline are illegal hunting and destroyed habitats(栖息地), as humans clear forests to gather timber(木材)and build roadways. Only about 3890 tigers presently live in the wild.

Ground squirrels

That’s right, even squirrels are endangered, specifically the San Joaquin ground squirrel. Native to California, USA, these guys have been disappearing since 1979 on account of the construction and human developments going through their habitat. Their total population is unknown , but it could be anywhere between 124000 and 413000.


The International Union for the Conservation of Nature recently put giraffes at a vulnerable status, the level just before endangered. The giraffe population has declined 40 percent in the last 30 years, primarily due to loss of habitat and illegal hunting. Some giraffes are killed just for their tails, which are considered status symbols in Africa.

Asian elephants

The main threat to Asian elephants, one of the most intelligent animals, is their shrinking habitat. As the human population grows, people invade their land to build roads and railway tracks. Elephants in Myanmar are at an especially high risk for being captured and traded or used illegally in the tourist industry. Fewer than 50000 are left on the entire continent.

1.What is the total population of tigers living in the wild?

A. Around 3890.

B. 50000.

C. 124000.

D. 413000.

2.Which of the following is considered one of the most intelligent animals?

A. Tigers.

B. Giraffes.

C. Ground squirrels.

D. Asian elephants.

3.What is the common threat to the four wild animals?

A. Illegal hunting.

B. Disturbed habitat.

C. Developing tourism.

D. Unnecessary construction.

4.Which word can best describe the present situation for protecting wild animals?

A. Satisfactory.

B. Optimistic.

C. Urgent.

D. Stable.

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