St. Paul's Cathedral

Ludgate Hill, EC4

Underground: St. Paul's; Bus: 6, 8, 11, 15, 22, 25

Open: Daily 8:00-19:00 (17:00 from Oct. to Mar.)

Entrance free

Designed by the great architect, Sir Christopher Wren, St. Paul's Cathedral was built following the Great Fire of London of 1666, which destroyed the gothic cathedral on the site at that time. It is an inescapable attraction for all travellers to this great city and the most recognisable gothic cathedral in England. Its choir(唱诗班) is internationally famous. Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer were married here in 1981.

Buckingham Palace

South end of the Mall (SW1)

Underground: St. James's Park, Victoria, Hyde Park Corner, Green Park; Bus: 2, 11, 14, 16, 19, 22, 24, 29, 30, 38, 52, 73, 74, 137

Buckingham Palace is Queen Elisabeth II's official residence(住所), and has been the official residence of Britain's monarch(君主) since 1837. The State Rooms at Buckingham Palace have been opening to the public for the Annual Summer Opening, in August and September, since 1993. The Queen is not at Buckingham Palace when it is open to the public; she goes to one of her country residences. The State Rooms are extremely grand. You can see many of the treasures of the Royal Collection: paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens and Canaletto; and beautiful examples of English and French furniture.

The Tower of London

Tower Hill, EC3

Underground: Tower Hill; Bus: 42, 78

Open: Mon.-Sat. 9:00-18:00; Sun. 8:00-19:00

Parts of the Tower of London are over nine centuries old, as building began under William the Conqueror in 1078. Famous as a prison in the distant past, the Tower has also been a royal residence, a zoo and an observatory(瞭望台). It is now a museum and many thousands of people visit it every year in particular to see the Crown Jewels. Only by going inside can you experience nearly a thousand years of history and hear the myths and legends that make it “a day out to die for”.

Westminster Abbey

Broad Sanctuary, SW1

Underground: Westminster, St James's Park; Bus: 3, 11, 12, 24, 29, 39, 53, 59, 76, 77, 88, 109, 155, 168, 170, 172, 184, 503

Open: Daily 8:00-18:00 (Mar.-Dec., Tuesday till 20:00)

Entrance free

Located next to the Houses of Parliament in the heart of London, Westminster Abbey is a gothic church and place of worship. The building of the present Abbey was started by King Henry III in 1245. The oldest parts of the building date back to 1050. Westminster Abbey has hosted many royal weddings including the wedding of The Queen and Prince Philip in 1947 and the wedding of Prince William and Kate in 2011. It is a traditional place of coronation(加冕礼) and burial for English monarchs—38 monarchs have been crowned at the Abbey. There are many tombs there, including those of Queen Elizabeth I, “Bloody” Queen Mary, naturalist Charles Darwin, many poets and writers.

1.You can see the inside of all the buildings all the year around except  .

A. St. Paul's Cathedral B. the Tower of London

C. Westminster Abbey D. Buckingham Palace

2.The two places you can visit by getting off at the same underground station are  .

A. Buckingham Palace and Westminster Abbey

B. Buckingham Palace and St. Paul's Cathedral

C. Westminster Abbey and the Tower of London

D. the Tower of London and St. Paul's Cathedral

3.Where is the text most probably taken from?

A. A history book about London.

B. A guidebook for visitors to London.

C. A book about London's development.

D. A book about London's churches.


Winter running is the best way to lose winter weight. But before heading out, make sure you have a solid plan. You don’t want to come across accident along the way. 1.

Wear the Right Shoes

The right shoes will depend on the road. You should wear shoes that are made for the kind of surface you run on. For example, if you are running on slippery surfaces, you want shoes with great friction(摩擦力). 2. When trying out a pair of running shoes, check the fit, feel and ride of the shoes. These elements(要素)are important once you take your new shoes out for a run.

Warm Up

Warm-up is an important part to keep fit. Especially if temperatures drop and your muscles are stiff(僵硬的) from the cold! 3. It also prepares the muscles for the intense (激烈的) activity ahead. The cold climate won’t feel as cold when you do warm ups. This is because blood flows much faster after a good warm up!

Deal with Wind

4. The key is to run into the wind and finish by running against it . This keeps icy wind from blasting(用力撞击) your face. To prevent any injuries or accidents, break your run into small parts. 5.You can use certain creams on the nose and cheeks to prevent frostbite(冻疮).Don’t skip your sun-block if you’re running during the day. UVB(紫外线) passes through the clouds. Running for an extended period on a cloudy day will still damage the skin!

A. Don’t run in the wind

B. Running makes you warm

C. Warming up prevents injuries

D. It’s hard to run if it’s too windy

E. Your shoes should fit very well so you don’t slip

F. Here we are giving you important tips to remember

G. It also helps to keep the skin protected from the wind

When you go to St. Petersburg, the number of attractions can seem large. If you are short of time, or just want to make sure to hit the highlights, these are the top must-see sights in St, Petersburg.

● The Hermitage Museum

The Hermitage Museum is one of the most important sights to see for any visitor to St. Petersburg. There are lots of different paintings by the old masters in the Hermitage. Prepare to come face-to-face with classic Western artists.

● Kizhi Island

Kizhi Island is an open-air museum of wooden architecture from the Karelia Region of Russia. These impressive structures are made entirely without nails - the wood fits together with joints and grooves (沟槽).

● Peterhof

Peterhof is as beautiful as it is fun. You’ll be charged for admission, but go to Petethof when the fountains are working-during the day in the summer. They are shut off in winter evenings,

● The Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood

Love it or hale it, the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood in St. Petersburg is an enthralling must-see sight. The beautiful look may make y our eyes brighten, and the painting inside the church will make you say “Wow!”

● The Bronze Horseman Statue

The so-called Bronze Horseman is a part of Russian culture and a symbol of St, Petersburg. Made famous by Alexander Pushkin, this statue of Peter the Great sitting on his horse can truly show Peter the Great’s influence on the Russian idea of greatness.

1.If you are interested in paintings, you'd better go to ______

A. Peterhof arid Kizhi Island

B. the Hernatage Museum and Peterhof

C. Kizhi Island and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood

D. the hermitage Museum and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood

2.We can learn from the passage that ______

A. visitors can visit Peterhof for free

B. the buildings of Kizhi Island are made of wood

C. the fountains in Peterhof can be seen all year round

D. the largest collection of Russian arts is in the Hermitage Museum

3.The main purpose of the passage is to ______

A. show the wonderful history of Russia

B. persuade artists to study St. Petersburg

C. recommend the famous buildings in Russia

D. introduce the must-see sights in St. Petersburg


Insects (昆虫) are a very healthy food. They have almost as much protein (蛋白质) as meat from a pig or cow and are low in fat. Eating insects is also very good for the environment since they need less land and water than larger animals.

Marcel Dicke, who studies insects, explained in a talk how insects also produce more meat from the food they eat. For example, imagine a farmer feeds a cow 10 pounds of food. Those 10 pounds of food produce about 1 pound of meat for people to eat. However, imagine the farmer gives a certain number of insects 10 pounds of food. Those 10 pounds of food produce 9 pounds of meat for people to eat!

Eating more insects can also help people in poor areas. Many people can raise and sell insects, which can provide jobs and food.

But insects will not replace (替代) animal meat very quickly. First, people in some countries would have to change how they think about eating insects. Many people in North America and Europe eat a lot of meat like beef and pork. But they do not traditionally eat insects. In fact, for many people in the west, eating insects sounds crazy! They believe insects are dirty and dangerous. Insects make them feel uncomfortable.

Some people are trying to deal with this problem. For example, David George Gordon wrote a book named “The Eat-A-Bug Cookbook”, which tries to show people that insects can be delicious. Other insect experts travel around telling people about the benefits (好处) of eating insects. But they still have a lot of work to do.

1.Eating insects _____.

A. is not healthy

B. makes people put on fat

C. helps protect large animals

D. is environmentally friendly

2.The example of Marcel Dicke is given to show _____.

A. the high cost of food production

B. it’s quite easy for farmers to raise insects

C. raising insects is a good choice for farmers

D. the different ways of feeding cows and insects

3.The long way eating insects has to go mainly results from _____.

A. their terrible taste B. people’s old beliefs

C. family traditions D. eating methods

4.We can infer from David and other insect experts that _____.

A. people can make a lot of money from insects

B. insects should be better protected

C. people should eat more insects

D. it’s dangerous to eat insects

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