Wang Lei and I are neighbours and we go to the same school. We have been good friend since childhood and have a great deal to share with every day. however, one day, Wang Lei copied my homework, which made me such angry that I did not want to befriend with him any long. One Monday morning I run downstairs without realizing it was raining, but there was no time to return home to fetch umbrella. It happened when Wang Lei was just around the corner and offered to share her umbrella with me. He made an apology to me in a gently voice. I forgave him but gave him a hug.
假定你是李华，已报名参加纽约大学的暑假中美文化交流游学营（Study Tour Camp）。但是寄宿家庭主人突然生病，无法接待你。请给你已回美国的外教注Mr. Smith发一封电子邮件，告诉他所遇到的问题，请求他的帮助，并提出你的要求（至少两条）
3. 参考词汇：寄宿家庭host family
Hiring a self-drive car really adds to the enjoyment of your holiday.There are so many places of interest to visit,and if you enjoy seeing more than just the city center there’s no better way to explore than by car.
a) Unlimited mileage （英里数）.
b) Expenses on oil,maintenance and repairs,which will be repaid on production of invoices.
C) Full insurance except personal accident (see below).
What’s not included
a) Personal accident insurance.
b) Garaging,petrol,parking and traffic fines.
Conditions of Hire:
★The shortest rental period at these special low prices is three days.For prices for periods of one or two days you only see our representative at the hotel.
★Car hire must be booked six weeks or more before arrival in London to guarantee a car.But if you have been unable to make a booking in advance please see our representative at the hotel who may still be able to help you.
★The car types on the sheet are examples of the types of cars in each price range,but particular car cannot be guaranteed.
★Upon delivery the driver (s) will be asked to sigh the car hire company’s Condition of Hire.
★If you decide to hire a car,just fill in the Booking Form and return it to us.A booking fee of £ 12 as part of the car hire cost is required.
Should you be forced to cancel your car hire booking after payment in full (two weeks before date of hire),a cancellation charge of £ 12 will be made.
1.From the advertisement we can see a car hirer will pay .
A. insurance against damage to the car B. insurance against injury to the driver
C. the cost of maintenance of the car D. the cost of repairs to the car
2.If car hirers change their minds after paying the whole cost of hiring,the £ 12 booking fee is .
A. partly returned B. doubly paid
C. not returned D. returned within six weeks
3.The prices for car hire are especially low when .
A. it is booked for at least three days B. it is booked two weeks in advance
C. it is booked for two days D. the booking is made in London
An organization,Eye Care 4 Kids,is bringing much-needed eye care to poor kids.It provides free eye examinations for kids from poor families.Founded by Joseph Carbone in 2001,the organization has helped around 100,000 children in Utah and Nevada.
Now,Cecil Swyers,a biomedical engineer who was once a poor child himself,is bringing the charity’s services to poor students in Arizona,so that vision impairment（视力受损）doesn’t stand in the way of their education.
“Eye Care 4 Kids is bringing eye care and glasses to families that wouldn’t have the means to pay for them,” said Mario Ventura from Isaac Elementary School District,the first school district in Arizona to receive its services.
Good vision is important to a child’s learning experience.According to a study,up to 80 percent of learning happens through sight for children between 6 and 18 years old.Without proper eye care,it’s difficult for students to learn better and succeed.
Swyers is hoping that by bringing the organization to Arizona he’ll help a lot more students.He teamed up with two other organizations to get doctors to volunteer their time with the group.Using Eye Care 4 Kids mobile clinic,Swyers visited Alta E.Butler Elementary School and has already helped 40 students.
The school was grateful to receive the eye care,especially since the services came to them.“It’s is great for us,” said Assistant Pricipal Cindy Alonso.
Swyers is hoping to bring Eye Care 4 Kids’ services to other schools in the state.He said that hopefully his work will have a positive effect on students’ futures.“If we can help students while they’re young,we can make a difference in their futures,” he said.
1.Eye Care 4 Kids helps students by __________.
A. giving them sunglasses for free B. offering money to their families
C. examining their eyes for free D. solving their problems in study
2.Who is in charge of the organization’s services in Arizona?
A. Joseph Carbone. B. Cecil Swyers.
C. Mario Ventura. D. Cindy Alonso.
3.Where do students take an eye examination?
A. In the classroom. B. In the mobile clinic.
C. In the nearby hospital. D. In the places where students live.
4.What would be the best title for the text?
A. Eye Care 4 Kids Was Founded by the Poor B. Eye Care 4 Kids Develops at a Fast Speed
C. Eye Care 4 Kids Poor Kids Succeed D. Eye Care 4 Kids Fights for Better Education
A heated debate is currently going on in our town.Should we allow the cinema to be constructed in the Havenswood Shopping Center? There is just one large lot left to build on,and the theater would use up all of that space.Some people are excited at the idea of finally having our own movie theater.Others would rather travel ten miles to the nearest theater to keep our quiet town the way it is.They say it is enough to have Marvin’s Movie Video Rentals.After all,Marvin’s store keeps thousands of the latest videos.
There are certainly benefits to renting videos.For one thing,you can plan your own schedule when it is convenient for you.You can relax on your sofa,and take a break whenever you need one.You can also talk to others without bothering any strangers seated nearby.In additional,it is a less expensive way to view a movie compared to going to a theater.
On the other hand,seeing a movie in a theater is an experience all its own.First,you can see the movie on wide screen as the filmmaker intended.To be viewed on a television screen,a film must be changed in some way to make it smaller.One is the “pan-and-scan” method,which involves removing some of the details in the picture.The other way,called “letterboxing”,keeps the image the way it is on the big screen,with one annoying exception; because the big-screen version is wide,the same picture on a television screen must be long and narrow.
Another problem is sound.The sound from a television cannot compare to the sound system in a theater.Your experience of a movie improves when you can clearly hear all of the sounds.Furthermore,at home,viewing companions often talk during a movie,which makes you miss out on what’s happening in the film.
Besides,having a movie theater will not mean that you can’t still go to Marvin’s! You will just have a choice that you didn’t have before.Isn’t it time for Havenswood residents to enjoy a little progress?
1.The underlined word “lot” in Paragraph 1 means “__________”.
A. a great number B. a complete group
C. an area of land D. a result of chance
2.How does the author mainly state his point?
A. By using examples. B. By making a comparison.
C. By carrying out a survey D. By presenting different people’s view.
3.Why do some people think it is enough to have Marvin’s Movie Video Rentals?
A. Marvin’s store stocks lots of recent videos.
B. It’ very convenient to go to Marvin’s store.
C. the owner of the store is friendly and helpful.
D. It is more comfortable to see films at home than in the theater.
4.What is the author’s attitude towards building a new cinema?
A. Cautious. B. Approving. C. Doubtful. D. Worried.
Staying positive through the cold season could be your best defense against getting ill,a new American study suggests.
In an experiment that exposed healthy volunteers to a cold or flu virus,researchers found that people with a generally sunny character were less likely to fail ill.The findings,published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, build on evidence that a “positive emotional style” can help ward off the common cold and other illness.
Researchers believe the reasons may be both objective―as in happiness improving immune function―and subjective―as in happy people being less troubled by a sore throat or runny nose.“People with a positive emotional style may have different immune responses to the virus,” explained lead study author Dr Sheldon Cohen of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh.“And when they do get a cold,they may interpret their illness as being less severe.”
Cohen and his colleagues has found in a previous study that happier people seemed less likely to catch a cold, but some questions remained as to whether the emotional quality itself had the effect.
For the new study,the researchers had 193 healthy adults complete standard measures of personality qualities, physicals health,and emotional “style”.Those who tended to be happy,energetic and easy –going were judged as having a positive emotional style,while those who were often unhappy,tense,and hostile had a negative style.
Afterwards,the researchers gave them nose drops containing either a cold virus or a particular flu virus.Over the next six days,the volunteers reported on any aches,pains,sneezing they had,while the researchers collected objective data.Cohen and his colleagues found that happy people were less likely to develop a cold.
What’s more,when happy folks did develop a cold,their symptoms were less severe than expected based on objective measures.
On the contrary,people with negative characters were not at increased risk of developing a cold based on objective measures,though they did tend to get down about their symptoms.
“We find that it’s really positive emotions that have the big effect,” Cohen said,“not the negative ones.”
So can a bad-tempered person fight a cold by deciding to be happy?
1.The purpose of Cohen’s new study was to .
A. find effective ways to fight illnesses
B. test people’s different immune responses to cold virus
C. tell differences between happy people and unhappy people
D. examine whether health was related to emotional styles
2.The underlined phrase “ward-off” in Paragraph 2 means “ ”.
A. get close to B. keep way from C. get used to D. go on with
3.How did Cohen reach his conclusion?
A. By comparing the experimental results of different groups.
B. By asking the volunteers to complete a form.
C. By collecting data among people with a cold.
D. By observing the volunteers’ symptoms.
4.Cohen’s new study showed that .
A. an emotional style is difficult to change B. happy people are immune to cold virus
C. people attitudes towards illnesses are different D. happiness itself helps protect people from cold
What do the world’s most successful people all have in common?
By examining the work habits of over 150 greatest writers and artists and scientists, the researchers including Standford Professor Jeffrey Preffer found that high achievers like Robert Moses turn out to be all alike:
Busy ! Busy!
1.In a study of general managers in industry, John Kotter reported that many of them worked 60 to 65 hours per week—which translates into at least six 10-hour days. The ability and willingness to work difficult and tiring hours has characterized many powerful figures. Energy and strength provide many advantages to those seeking to build power.
Just Say No!
The difference between successful people and very successful people is that very successful people say “no” to almost everything. And that’s what gives them the time to accomplish so much.2.And focus means saying “no” to a lot of distractions (分神).
Know What You Are!
Ignore your weakness and keep improving your strengths. Don’t waste time exploring skill areas where you have little competence. Instead, focus on—and build on—your strengths.3.
Create Good Luck!
Luck is not magical—there is a science to it. Richard Wiseman studied lucky people for his book Luck Factor, and broke down what they do right.4.By being more outgoing, open to new ideas, following the feeling that something is true, being optimistic, lucky people create possibilities.
Does applying these principles to your life actually work? Wiseman created a “luck school” to test the ideas—and it was a success. In total, 80 percent of people who attended Luck School said that their luck had increased.5.
A. Spend enough time to improve your weakness.
B. Achievement requires focus.
C. On average, these people reported that their luck had increased by more than 40 percent.
D. High achievers never stop working and they never lose a minute.
E. Busy people are more likely to be lucky.
F. This means knowing who you are, what you are and what you are good at.
G. Certain personality types are luckier because they behave in a way that offers the chance for good opportunities.
In August 1999,Yuriko noticed that her daughter,Ayako,was looking thin and pale,_______ she insisted that the 22-year-old see a doctor.As they waited for the rest results,the doctor________ gave Yuriko a note while her daughter wasn’t noticing.
In the restroom,Yuriko opened the note,“It is stomach cancer,“said the doctor.“Please________.There is no time.”
On September 21,Ayako had a(n)________.Three quarters of her stomach were removed.The doctor ________ the situation to Yuriko but the medical terms sounded like a foreign language.
Ayako was put on anti-cancer drugs,and over the next three months,she ________ from side effects,and lost seven kilograms.
Yuriko decided to do more to ________ her daughter.She read all kinds of books on cancer.As a single mother,she had no one to share her ________ with.
________ the difficulties,Yuriko was able to help her daughter.When Ayako started experiencing breathing difficulties,Yuriko ________ if it could be a side effect of the anti-cancer drug.She told Ayako’s doctor and he ________ to take her off the drug.
________,in November 2002,Ayako’s treatment came to an end.Although she felt her pain ________,Yuriko couldn’t forget how lost and ________ she felt during her daughter’s treatment.She wrote a letter to the local newspaper ________ the creation of a support group for cancer patients.
Phone calls and letters ________ her idea started pouring in.In December 2002,Yuriko formally ________ Ikkikai,roughly meaning “sharing the joy”,with the ________ of providing hope and information for people with cancer,and their families.
Ikkikai’s message has begun to ________.Yuriko says,“The simple act of talking to other people who understand your problems can make the greatest ________.I hope that more people would join in the group.”
1.A. otherwise B. or C. so D. but
2.A. nervously B. secretly C. weakly D. kindly
3.A. imagine B. guess C. look D. hurry
4.A. operation B. training C. rest D. examination
5.A. expressed B. explained C. recognized D. repeated
6.A. learnt B. survived C. suffered D. escaped
7.A. please B. praise C. help D. comfort
8.A. burden B. pleasure C. benefit D. disappointment
9.A. In honor of B. In spite of C. Instead of D. Because of
10.A. realized B. discussed C. recognized D. wondered
11.A. meant B. regretted C. agreed D. preferred
12.A. Actually B. Finally C. Obviously D. Surprisingly
13.A. relieved B. shocked C. convinced D. encouraged
14.A. lonely B. angry C. defeated D. ashamed
15.A. mentioning B. suggesting C. running D. complaining
16.A. describing B. considering C. testing D. supporting
17.A. founded B. discovered C. assisted D. joined
18.A. choice B. memory C. problem D. goal
19.A. exist B. spread C. arrive D. continue
20.A. promise B. record C. job D. difference
Success never comes easy. How many of you have heard of successful people who haven’t made any effort? People often have to overcome failures 1. they can accomplish something great. They usually don’t find success from the very beginning.
Van Gogh sold only one painting during his lifetime, but this didn’t stop him from completing over 800 painting. Thomas Edison 2. (fire) from his first two jobs for lack of competence. Later, as an inventor, he tried 1,000 times 3. (create) the light bulb, without success. He was confident in 4. (he), and5. (eventual) he did success. When 6. (ask), “How did it feel to fail 1,000 times?” Edison replied, “I didn’t fail 1,000 times. The light bulb was 7. invention with 1,000 steps.
These successful people have set good 8. (example) to us. They wouldn’t have achieved their success if they 9. (abandon)their dreams. Believe in yourself and try your best, and success will not be far 10. you.
My parents and I went to the park on last Sunday.There were lots of visitors standing in front of ticket window.We waited for a long time and buy three tickets.In the Tiger Mountain of the park.I was too eager to see the fierce frightening animals that I quickened his steps through the crowd.Unfortunate,I got separated from my parent.I had a hard time looking for them,and I had no luck.Wandering in the park,I felt alone without any companions.Worse still,I had no money,so I had to walk home,covered as for as 5 kilometers.