About five years ago I started at a new school when my family moved to Iowa. I was just a little excited, but I worried I would never fit in with (适应) the other sixth graders.

Lucy, a girl in my class, who I thought was not ready for change, didn’t like me from the start. In fact, I was sure she hated me. I could tell she thought I was a fool.

My teacher made us sit by each other for the last term. Lucy was surprised that I didn’t wear make?up (化妆). I didn’t exactly look like the coolest girl. But, I kept smiling at her and I kept telling her she looked beautiful, even when she was angry.

Finally, Lucy let me talk to her, even in sight of her "cool" friends. She started telling me how beautiful I looked. I still remember that first time when she smiled at me saying that, and I smiled right back, telling her thanks. Lucy invited me over to her house for a party, and talked to me all the time instead of her other friends.

I may move to Arizona after that, but I will never forget Lucy. She was a great friend. I still smiled at Lucy when she made fun of me. I didn’t think she was right in doing those things, but I still put up with (忍受) it. And we became great friends.

About two weeks ago, I read a sentence by Abraham Lincoln, "Am I not destroying my enemies when I make friends with them?" Immediately, I smiled, thinking of Lucy.

1. When the author started at a new school in Iowa, she worried __________.

A. she was not ready for change at all

B. she looked stupid when asking questions

C. she didn’t look like the coolest girl in her class

D. she couldn’t get along well with her classmates

2. How did the author change Lucy’s attitude towards her?

A. By wearing make?up.

B. By keeping smiling at Lucy.

C. By wearing beautiful clothes.

D. By sitting beside Lucy in class.

3. From Paragraph 5, we know the author thought __________.

A. it was right of her to suffer when making friends

B. it was a waste of time to make friends with Lucy

C. it was foolish of her to smile at Lucy all the time

D. it was a shameful thing to put up with what Lucy did

4. What is the main idea of this passage?

A. Kindness can beat any enemy.

B. Friendship needs to be cared for.

C. Making friends means losing enemies.

D. Patience is important in making friends.


The rise in smartphones (智能手机) among young people may be having a direct effect on how successful they become as adults.

Research from the University of Nebraska Lincoln has discovered university students check their phones 11 times per lesson on average, and more than 80 percent believe this tech addiction is interfering with their learning.

A quarter of students across five American states also blamed poor grades in exams specifically on the fact that they used mobile devices when they should have been concentrating and revising and these grades could determine the jobs they end up going into.

Barney McCoy, an associate professor of broadcasting at the university, surveyed 777 students at six universities across five states about how they used digital devices in the classroom.

The students were from UNL, the University of Nebraska Lincoln at Omaha in Nebraska, Morningside College in Iowa, the University of North Carolina, the University of Kansas and the University of Mississippi.

Around two thirds said they used phones, tablets and laptops for "non-classroom purposes" up to ten times during a typical university day, while 15 percent admitted this figure was closer to 30 times.

Among the top reasons why 55 percent of students checked their devices so regularly were staying connected and fighting boredom. Less than half said the devices were used for classwork.

Texting was the most popular distraction (娱乐) technique at 86 percent, while 68 percent said they used their phones to check personal emails. Two thirds used social networks, 38 percent surfed the web and 8 percent admitted playing games when they should have been studying.

Despite eight out of ten students admitting their devices were distracting, fewer than five percent considered it to be a "very big" distraction.

"I don’t think students necessarily think it’s a big problem," said McCoy. "They think it’s part of their lives."

1.The majority of the students think that using smartphones __________.

A. helps to improve their grades

B. contributes to their poor grades

C. has a bad effect on their study

D. determines their jobs in the future

2. How many students surveyed used digital devices for "non-classroom purposes" about 30 times during a day?

A. About 518. B. About 116.

C. About 427. D. Less than 388.

3. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Barney McCoy surveyed 777 students at the university he works in.

B. A minority of the students said they used digital devices for classwork.

C. Around two thirds admitted they used digital devices because lessons were boring.

D. Barney McCoy doesn’t think students’ using digital devices is a big problem.

4.The text is most likely to be found in a section about __________.

A. successful people B. political systems

C. science and technology D. historical events


Be Your Own Best Friend

Why would you want to become your own best friend? There are a number of benefits of creating your own support system from within rather than relying on your partner, friends or family to be there for you when you’re suffering. We all have it in us to give ourselves what we need, without seeking it from outside. ____1____ Here’s how to become your own best friend.

1. Be nice to yourself.

The first step in becoming a friend to yourself is to treat yourself like you would treat a friend. ____2____ Start by accepting your good qualities, talents and abilities and begin to appreciate yourself.

2. Imagine how you would support a friend in the same situation.

Think about a loved one, a friend, a family member, or someone dear to you and imagine that they are in the same situation you are facing. ____3____ Then consider how to best offer help and advice to them. Allow yourself to feel supported, and give yourself what you need.

Write down the words that you would say to your greatest friend and then say them gently to yourself.

3. ____4____

Following the theme of considering how you would help a dear friend, you need to start taking your own advice and putting your own needs first. Do you need a day off from work? ____5____

Whatever it is that you need, allow yourself to put it at the top of the list rather than the bottom. Use these methods to become your own best friend and start being there for yourself!

A. A long hot bath?

B. Honor your needs.

C. Believe in yourself.

D. Help them first and then they will help you.

E. That means that you need to stop being doubtful of yourself.

F. Think about how they’re struggling, suffering with this problem.

G. Isn’t it far better to know how to support yourself in times of need?

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