The following are about modern wonders of the world.
The Suez Canal
More than 3, 000 years ago, a king of Egypt ordered that a river be built to connect the Mediterranean. Sea (地中海) and the Red Sea. This kind of man-made river is called a canal. However, ancient Egyptians did not keep this canal in use. As years passed, the sands of the great deserts of Egypt closed the small canal.
In 1859, Egyptian workers began rebuilding the canal. It was opened and named the Suez Canal on November I7th, 1869. Though closed several times because of war or political problems, the Suez Canal is still the fastest crossing from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean today, saving shipping companies a great deal of time and money.
The Channel Tunnel
The great canal connects oceans. The next great wonder connects land. It is called the Channel Tunnel, or “Chunnel”, connecting Britain with France. The tunnel is 50 kilometers long, built about 45 meters below the earth under the English. Channel (海峡).
The work began in 1987 and it took seven years to finish. The cost was more than 13, 000 million dollars. The Chunnel opened In 1994.
Today, the Chunnel is very busy. High-speed trains carry cars, trucks and passengers from Britain to France and back again. The trains are famous for their smooth, quiet ride. The money paid for the trip is slowly paying for the huge cost.
The Three Gorges Darn
The Three Gorges Dam is perhaps the largest construction project on earth. The work began, in 1993.The Three Gorges Dam is built to produce power and control China’s Yangtze River. The completed dam produces large amounts of electric power.
Completed in 2009, the dam creates a huge lake about 632 square kilometers. Some critics say the dam harms the environment and damages historical areas. More than one million people had been resettled before the dam was finished. Chinese government officials say it will lead to increased economic development in cities near the dam, and the terrible floods caused by the Yangtze have become memories of the past.
1.Which of the following took the longest time to build?
A. The Red sea. B. The English Channel.
C. The Chunnel. D. The Three Gorges Dam
2.What do we know about the effects the Three Gorges Dam has on China?
A. It helps to protect the historical sites.
B. It saves time for ships to travel upstream.
C. It reduces the number of flood victims.
D. It powers an area of 632 square kilometers.
Tu Youyou, born in December, 1930, is a Chinese scientist and educator. She is best known for discovering artemisinin (青蒿素) used to treat malaria (疟疾), which has saved millions of lives. For her work, Tu received the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
Scientists worldwide had tried over 240, 000 medicines to treat malaria without success. In 1969, Tu Youyou, then 39 years old, decided to turn to traditional Chinese herbs(草药) for possible solutions. She looked into the Chinese medical classics in history, visiting traditional Chinese doctors all over the country on her own. She gathered her findings in a notebook, in which she recorded 640 methods of treating malaria. She and her team also experimented with over 2, 000 traditional Chinese herbs.
During this time, her husband was forced to work in the countryside, and their young daughter had to take care of herself in Beijing.
Years of research all came down to one type of herb named qinghao. The animal tests showed it was completely effective in mice and monkeys, So Tu volunteered to be the first human subject. “As head of this research group, I had the responsibility’ she said. It was safe with, her; so she continued to try it out with more human patients.
In 2007, her office was in an old apartment building in Beijing. Before 2011, Tu Youyou had been described as “almost completely forgotten by people1”, Yet in 2015, the Nobel Prize committee said her discoveries had given the world powerful new ways to fight a powerful disease which affected hundreds of millions of people every year. In terms of improving human health and reducing suffering, Mrs. Tu’s contribution is beyond words.
1.How did Tu Youyou find qinghao as a treatment?
A. By testing it on children. B. By researching for years.
C. By reading foreign books. C. By asking malaria patients.
2.What does the underlined word “effective” mean in Paragraph 4?
A. Successful. B. Useless. C. Unclear. D. Normal
3.What can we infer from the last paragraph about Mrs. Tu?
A. She couldn’t afford an apartment in Beijing.
B. She didn’t want her findings to be known.
C. She didn’t care much, for fame while researching.
D. She wasn’t able to describe her findings dearly
What Ls the best way to catch someone who is telling a lie?
For a long time, the traditional method of catching liars was to watch their body language, Many people - from parents to police officers depend on this method, But does a person’s body tell us the truth?
According to a new study, it is not the case. Researchers in the UK recently found that talking seems to be the best way to smoke out a liar. Their study look place at an airport.
The researchers asked volunteers to pretend they were real passengers and then lie to airport security officers. Some of the officers used conversation methods to question them, while other officers depend on their body language. The officers using the talking method were 20 times more likely to catch the liars.
Like many methods, this talking technique has a name. It is called. Cant rolled Cognitive Engagement or CCE for short. Here are four ways of catching a liar.
① Use open-ended questions.
These are the opposite of “Yes” and “No” questions. Open-ended questions force the person to continue the story of their lies until they are caught in their own web of lies.
② Surprise them.
Ask questions they may not think you are going to ask. Ask questions that are surprising or off-topic. This will make it harder for them to keep lying.
③ Look for small details that do not make sense.
Ask them details in their stories and look for facts that seem to disagree with each other. But do not let them know you know. Just let them dig themselves deeper into a hole.
④ Watch for changes in confidence and speaking styles.
Liars will often change their speaking styles when they are questioned. For example, when they feel in control they may be very talkative. But if they feel they are losing control, they may not talk much at all.
1.What is the best title of this passage?
A. How to Catch a Liar B. Airport Security Improved
C. CCE Method Never Fails D. Lie with Body Language
2.Which of the following methods is most likely to help you catch a liar?
A. Ask the person if he is telling the truth.
B. Surprise the person by raising your voice.
C. Focus on the person’s body language.
D. Notice changes in the person’s confidence.
3.Why should you ask open-ended questions in order to catch a liar?
A. Because they are easy to answer.
B. Because they are harder to lie about.
C. Because they are off the topic.
D. Because they change your talking style.
4.Who does the word “them” refer to in the fourth paragraph?
A. Security officers.
B. Real passengers.
C. Study volunteers.
D. English researchers.
5.Which of the following is NOT true about the CCE method?
A. It aims to smoke out liars through conversations.
B. It works better than simply reading body languages.
C. It focuses on what someone says and how he says it.
D. It has been widely used by parents and police officers.
How to Save More and Spend Less
There are many simple ways to save more money without feeling the pain. You can even turn it into a challenge or a game to make it more enjoyable.
You went shopping and now your pocket is heavy with loose change. Count it, keep what you might need for bus tickets and put the rest in a piggy bank. After two months, empty the piggy bank and deposit(存储) the amount in your saving account.
Give up your expensive habits.
Cut down on the beer and cigarettes. Not only will this keep you healthier, but it’ll let you save up on unwanted expenses. 2. If you don’t stop now, you’ll end up paying a lot more for them anyway.
Visit ATMs less often.
Reducing the times you use the ATM can help you cut down on your costs. 3. By doing so you won’t have to make unnecessary withdrawals(取款).
Every time you use your credit card or cellphone to pay for something, you’re losing track of exactly how much you’ re spending. If you’re buying something, buy it with cash. This will give you a clearer idea of how much you’re actually spending. 4.
Carry your own bag when shopping.
With the government taking measures to reduce plastic usage, most shops have moved onto paper and cloth bags. 5. Instead of paying for these, carry your own bag.
A. Save your change.
B. Instead of turning to those machines, manage your finance well.
C. However, these are more expensive when compared to plastic ones.
D. Seeing more money leaving your hands, you’ ll be more aware of spending.
E. Even the government is increasing the tax on these to reduce the use of them.
Betty Ford was born in 1918 in Chicago. Her family moved to Michigan when she 1. (be) young. Betty did everything2. (careful) and enjoyed music best. After high school, she went to school 3. (learn) more about dancing. Later on, she met a famous 4. (dance), Martha Graham. She joined Graham’s troupe(表演团) in New York. After five years, Betty moved back to Machigan 5. started a dancing group there. She taught dancing to children with disabilities. Betty met Gerald Ford in 1947. They got 6. (marry) the next year. Gerald chose to work for Congress (国会) after 7. (wed). He was in Congress for 25 years. Betty took care 8. their children. A short time later, Nixon gave up his position of the president. As a result, Gerald Ford 9. (elect) president and Betty became 10. First Lady.
1.So far the boys have be able to swim across the river.
2.Following the rules of the road and don’t drive too fast.
3.Although the sun is shining, but it isn’t very warm outside.
4.He thought he could produce more rice by cross two different plants.
5.Traditional cellphones are on way out as smartphones develop rapidly.
reduce traffic jams 缓解拥堵
The bright-colored public bikes—the Mobikes are now commonly seen on our city streets.
A mouse looked through the hole in the wall to see the farmer and his wife open a pckage, and he was devastated to discover it was a mousetrap. Returning to the farmyard,he warned everyday. “There is a mousetrap in the house! There is a mousetrap inthe house! There is a mousetrap inthe house! ”
The chicken raised her head and said, “Thanks for your warning. Mr. Mouse, but why should I be bothered by a mousetrap?” the pig sympathized, but said, “Wow, Mr. Mouse, I’m sorry for you I can tell this is a great concern to you, but it is none of my business.” The mouse returned to the house, head down and depressed, to face the farmer’s mousetrap alone.
The very night a sound was heard throughthe house----like that of a mouse trap catching its prey. The farmer’s wife rushed to see what was caught. In the darkness, she did not see it was a snake whose tailwas caught by the trap, and it bit her. The farmer rushed her to the hospital and she returned home with a fever.
The farmer killed the chicken to make fresh chicken soup for his wife, but her sickness continued. Frineds and neighbors came to visit her, and to feed them, the farmer butchered the pig. Then she died. So many people came for her funeral that the farmer had the cow cooked to provide enough meat for all of them.
The mouse looked upon it all from his hole in the wall with great sadness.
1.What does the underlined word in the first paragraph mean?
A. Great amused B. Slightly worried
C. Completely disappointed D. Extremely shocked
2.What can we infer from what the cow said?
A. He could do nothing to help the mouse
B. He wanted to help the mouse but was too busy
C. He thought the mousetrap would not harm him
D. He felt very sorry for not being able to help the mouse
3.Why did the farrmer kill the pig?
A. To make soup for his wife
B. To punish the pig for not helping the mouse
C. To feed dfriends and neighbors attending his wife’s funeral
D. To provide food for people who visited his sick wife
4.What ddoes the story want to tell us?
A. A danger to one may become a danger to all
B. The unkind will be punished in the end
C. The best friend can be the worst enemy
D. It is important to listen to others
5.Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A. Stupid animals B. A kind mouse
C. The mousetrap D. Stories in the farmyard
Here are Travelbag, we’ve seen the world---we want you t o as well. To help you on your way, we’ve put the World on Sale. The offers you see below are just a taste of the great deals we have available. To find out more, call us on 0800 804 8911 and let our experts make your perfect trip, at the perfect price. Book by: 30 Apr.
Middle East & Indian Ocean
was £349 now £299
3nts.4* Coral Oriental (B&B)
Valid(有效的):01 Sep----30 Sep
was £1,085 now £835
7nts,3+*Le Tropical (AI), Mauritius
Valid: 01 May---22 Jun
Thailand Beach (Cha Am)
was £700 now £575
10nts, 3* Holiday Inn Regent Beach,
5 FREE nts included in price
Valid: 01 Sep---31 Oct.
was £689 now £599
7nts, 3* Mutiara Burau Bay Beach
Valid: 01 May---31 May.
was £1,059 now £989
Self-drive, 5-day car hire
2nts, 3* Best Western President,
Auckland, Scenic Wonders Self-drive
Valid: 05 Apr---13 Jun
was £1,049 now £979
3nts, 3* Quality Inn Cambridge
2nts, 3* York Gardens Resort
2nts, 2 * Comfort Inn, Cessnoc
Valid: 15 Apr.----15 Jun.
was £799 now £649
7nts, 3* Golden Tulip Continental (B&B), Rio
was £540 now £485
5nts, 3* Circus Circus, Las Vagas
Valid: 01 May---30 Jun.
1.The underlined words in the first offer most probably mean ______________.
A. 3 nights at 4 stars B. 3 nights and 4 days
C. 3 or 4 places D. $3.4
2.In which of the following places may you have to change your hotel?
A. Rio B. Mauritius
C. Sydney D. Malaysia, Langkawi
3.If you want to enjoy the scenery along the driving way, you can visit_________.
A. Dubai B. Thailand Beach(Cha Am)
C. Las Vagas D. New Zealand
4.It can be inferred from the text that ___________.
A. the ad is intended for foreign travelers
B. the offer to Rio has the longest valid time
C. the booking service will last until the end of May
D. taking planes is the only way to go to those places
5.The writer’s purpose of writing this article is to __________.
A. have more people to buy from Travelbag
B. compare travel costs in different countries
C. teach tourist how to save more money
D. inform tourists of some places of interest
Could a cave be the place of buried treasure in a small village in Marajgushu, near Navasha, Kenya? A rumor of treasure has some villagers dreaming of wealth, while ohters see it as a cheat. It’s said that in the 1800s a white man left treasure inside the caves.
This system of caves has become the center of excitement in the village. It is unclear where the rumor came from, but some local people believe white settlers hid gold and other precious metals in the cave before leavign the area, many years ago.
Local villager Edward Maina says the rumors have brought a lot of treasure hunters flooding into town to dig in the caves. Villages say original treasure seekers entered the cave nearly two months ago before being arrested by police. Local governmetns closed up the entrance, but they broke back in.
While neither gold nor silver has been found yet, the cave does guard another important resource: water. Many depend on a natural spring coming from the cave and local officials, among them Ward Councilor Gaka Mwaniki, worry the digging could affect or dirty the supply.
“There’s nothing. We’ve seen ourselves there’s nothing in those caves. The cave is natural. It’s the water table that they’re affecting” says Mwaniki.
Local resident James Mbugua Njenga wants the situation brought under control. “If at all there’s treasure inside there, let the government come and dig and protect the water table,”says Njenga.
It might be true. It might be a cheat. Whatever the case, treasure hunters continue to be attracted to the mystery of the caves.
1.What did the treasure hunters do after the cave was closed up?
A. They entered the cave again B. They gave up seeking treasusre
C. They fought again the police D. They looked for anohter cave
2.What does the underlined word “supply” refer to?
A. The treasure B. The water
C. The cave D. The villagers
3.Mwaniki worries about the digging because of _________.
A. the loss of the treasure B. the damage to the cave
C. the pollution to the water D. the flood in the village
4.Njenga thinks that ____________.
A. there is no treasure in the cave
B. the story about treasure must be a cheat
C. treasure seekers should be arrested
D. the government should protect the cave
5.What is the text mainly about?
A. The seeking of hidden treasure in central Kenya
B. A great finding of a cave in central Kenya
C. The life of the villagers in central Kenya
D. The worry about pollution in central Kenya