It has been showed that teachers in UK schools are trying the use of body cameras in class to record bad pupil's behavior.

At least two schools in England have introduced the equipment for constant recording with the agreement of local education authorities. The cameras, worn on teachers’ clothing, are set to film all the time but only save encrypted footage(加密镜头)when the record button is pressed, the Times reported.

Teachers are advised to turn on the cameras during incidents in the classroom to deal with “constant low-level interruption”, but must give notice before doing so.

The technology is already used by police and some hospital staff as well as crossing-patrol officers. Footage could also be shared with parents to involve them in addressing their children’s behavior. Feedback from parents and schools was said to be positive, with teachers praising them as an effective deterrent(震慑).

A survey published on Wednesday questioning teachers on the idea found more than a third would be willing to wear a body camera in the classroom, with many wanting the technology available to help fight with bad behavior from pupils.

Of the people who said they were in favor, about 31.6 percent said they were motivated by teacher and student safety. Among those who were not willing to use the technology, reasons included concerns about their own privacy and that of the children, as well as feeling spied on, or the possibility of misuse by management.

Around two-thirds of the teachers, more than 600 in total, said they feel safer in the classroom if they knew there was a camera recording everything, while 10.9 percent said they could foresee a time when bodycams are compulsory.

Mary Bousted, general secretary at the Association of Teachers and Lectures(ATL), said all schools should be safe places for pupils and staff.

1.If a teacher wants to save the record for later use, he should _____________.

A. give first notice

B. press the record button

C. film with the camera all the time

D. ask for the permission of the students

2.What can we learn from the text?

A. Some people agree with the idea.

B. None of the parents support the idea.

C. Students are not worried about their private things.

D. All schools have been safe about for teachers and students.

3.What may be the best title for the text?

A. The Use of Body Cameras in Class

B. Parents’ Reactions to Using Cameras

C. How to Record Students’ Good Behavior

D. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Taking Photos

It may seem like a moment in a science fiction movie. In a fierce battle, a creature loses an arm but, then, grows another one to take its place.

However, this is not science fiction. It is scientific fact. Some fish and amphibians, such as salamanders, can regrow lost limbs and organs.

As mammals evolved they lost the ability to regrow, or regenerate, parts of their body. However, experiments show that it may be possible to regain that ability.

Tropical freshwater zebrafish are popular pets. They are also popular as lab animals. Their embryos(胚胎) are clear, or translucent. They can regrow damaged fins, skin and hearts. Zebrafish are also genetically(基因地) similar to humans.

In 2013, the website Sci-News reported that researchers had found that 70 per cent of “protein-coding human genes” are related to genes found in the zebrafish. The report also said that researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Britain also found that 84 per cent of genes known to be connected to human disease have a zebrafish counterpart.

Scientist Wang Yadong is one of the Pittsburg researchers. He and his team are studying the ability of zebrafish to regenerate limbs and organs. Wang says you can cut away about 20 per cent of the zebrafish heart and it will regenerate. He add that same process may be able to help humans.

Scientists injected(注射) an “extracellular matrix,” or ECM, from the heart of a zebrafish into a severely damaged mouse heart. They found that the heart muscle regrew in days. They found something else. The healing was even faster when the ECM was taken from zebrafish that was itself in the process of re-growing damaged tissue.

1.The main reason why the zebrafish were chosen as lab animals is that _____________ .

A. they are popular pets

B. their bodies are clear to study

C. they are genetically similar to humans

D. they are easy to find for the researchers

2.What does the underlined word “counterpart” in Paragraph 5 probably mean?

A. A similar thing.

B. A different fish.

C. A human being.

D. A little mouse.

3.After injecting ECM from a zebrafish into the damaged mouse heart, what did scientists find?

A. The zebrafish died quickly.

B. The mouse heart regrew in days.

C. The zebrafish heart regrew quickly.

D. The mouse healed more slowly than normal.

4.Where is the most probably taken from?

A. A science fiction.

B. A guide book.

C. A fashion magazine.

D. A science report.

It is common to experience culture shock when you are living in a foreign country for a period of time. But how to overcome your culture shock? 1.You needn’t feel anxious and confused in your new space.

Keep an open mind. 2.Refusing judgment and following the cultural differences will allow you to be an objective observer and will promote the process of cross-cultural understanding. Also, if you are going to a country which you know close to nothing about, do a little background information. 3.And who knows, you may find the reason for something you may not understand.

Make an effort to learn the local language and people. Being good at speaking the language can increase your communication skills and it helps you to connect with the local community. It also shows your interest in the new country. 4.Respectfully ask questions, read newspapers, and attend a variety of festivals and events.

5.Don’t be too hard on yourself if you make a cultural mistake or don’t know what to do in a social situation. Laugh at yourself and others will laugh with you. Just be a humorous person. Most people will admire your effort to understand their ways, especially if you are lack of judgment and cultural comparisons that skillfully and perhaps unconsciously express a veil of superiority.

A.Keep a sense of humor.

B.Avoid making any mistake.

C.Do not think anything that is different is “wrong”.

D.When you are in a foreign country, you’d better be kind-hearted.

E.Meanwhile, make sure you get to know people in your new environment.

F.As you learn more about the background information, keeping an open mind is necessary.

G.By adapting to a foreign culture, you can overcome it and develop relationships with some people.

Yesterday I took my boys through the drive thru at McDonald’s. It was a hot day and they wanted a nice cool ______. So I said yes.

As I ordered I remembered a_________I made to myself a year ago..

The promise is that every time I drive through the drive thru, I pay for the car________ me. I made this promise ________ I go through the drive thru about 4 times a year. So it’s an easy one to keep and up until yesterday, I have _______that promise.

As I drove around to pay the cashier the $ 6 for our ________I really did not want to pay for the car_____

behind me.

In my head I begun to_______ myself out of it.

“It’s OK Nicole; you don’t have to”.

“This isn’t a(n) ________time. You haven’t much money this week”.

“And what if it’s a $ 40 order or________!”

That’s when the other ________stepped into my head. It’s never my own. It’s the wise voice, saying, “It’s ___the

time that you do it! It’s _______and good when you’re happy and rich. But love and kindness doesn’t ________that way. It’s conditional and only given when it_______ you!”

So I _______ it. 1 asked the cashier to ________the car order behind me to my card. Thankfully it was only $2.95. Can you believe it?

_____, that isn’t the point. The point is that I did it. By doing it I _______someone’s day, and _______them that there’s love and kindness in this world.

1.A. partner B. treat C. spot D. card

2.A. bargain B. choice C. promise D. mistake

3.A. behind B. without C. except D. before

4.A. if B. unless C. though D. because

5.A. stood up B. carried out C. broke into D. made up

6.A. car B. form C. name D. order

7.A. pulling up B. breaking down C. setting off D. speeding up

8.A. fool B. cheat C. talk D. evaluate

9.A. enough B. good C. current D. bad

10.A. more B. none C. less D. fewer

11.A. noise B. excuse C. voice D. question

12.A. exactly B. frequently C. legally D. approximately

13.A. strange B. impossible C. hard D. easy

14.A. play B. begin C. work D. end

15.A. hurts B. suits C. moves D. finds

16.A. hated B. forgot C. educated D. did

17.A. supply B. attract C. add D. lend

18.A. Gently B. Anyway C. Usually D. So

19.A. brighten B. widen C. appreciate D. waste

20.A. agree B. remember C. warn D. remind

A sense of humor is something highly valued. A person who has a great sense of humor is often considered to be happy and socially confident. However, humor is a double-edged sword. Sometimes it can damage self-respect and annoy others.

People who use bonding humor tell jokes and generally lighten the mood. They're thought to be good at reducing the tension in uncomfortable situations. They often make fun of their common experiences, and sometimes they may even laugh off their own misfortunes. The basic message they deliver is: We're all alike, we find the same things funny, and we're all in this together.

Put-down humor, on the other hand, is an aggressive type of humor used to criticize others through teasing. When it's aimed against politicians, as it often is, it's extremely funny and mostly harmless. But in the real world, it may have a harmful effect. An example of such humor is telling friends an embarrassing story about another friend. When challenged about their teasing, the put-down jokers might claim that they are "just kidding," thus allowing themselves to avoid responsibility. This type of humor, though considered by some people to be socially acceptable, may hurt the feelings of the one being teased and thus have a bad effect on personal relationships.

Finally, in hate-me humor, the joker is the target of the joke for the amusement of others. This type of humor was used by comedians John Belushi and Chris Farley—both of whom suffered for their success in show business. A small amount of such humor is charming, but routinely offering oneself up to be embarrassed destroys one's self-esteem, and fosters depression and anxiety.

So it seems that being funny isn't necessarily an indicator of good social skills and well-being. In certain cases, it may actually have a negative effect on interpersonal relationships.

1.In bonding humor, people create a relaxing atmosphere by ________.

A. joking about experiences they share

B. showing their personal relationships

C. teasing experiences of their friends

D. laughing at other's misfortunes

2.Which of the following is among the common targets of put-down humor?

A. Comedians. B. Jokers.

C. Politicians. D. Actors.

3.In the passage, the author mainly conveys ________.

A. humor can be classified into three kinds

B. humor has its bright side and dark side

C. humor deserves to be studied

D. humor is highly valued

Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004) is one of the most original and influential figures in the history of photography. His photographs helped establish photojournalism as an art form.

Henri's family was wealthy—his father made a fortune as a textile manufacturer—but Henri later joked that due to his parents' economical ways, it often seemed as though his family was poor.

Educated in Paris, Henri developed an early love for literature and arts. As a teenager, Henri was against his parents' formal ways of education. In his early adulthood, he fell in love with several appetites, but it was art that remained at the center of his life.

Henri traveled to Africa in 1931 to hunt antelope and boar. And Africa fueled another interest in him: photography. He then wandered around the world with his camera, using a handheld camera to catch images from fleeting moments of everyday life.

Not long after World War Ⅱ, Henri traveled east, spending considerable time in India, where he met and photographed Gandhi shortly before he was killed in 1948. Henri's work to document Gandhi's death and its immediate effect on the country became one of Life Magazine's most prized photo essays.

Henri's approach to photography remained much the same throughout his life. He made clear his dislike of images that had been improved by artificial light, darkroom effects, and even cutting. The naturalist in Henri believed that all editing should be done when the photo is taken. In 1952, his first book, The Decisive Moment, a rich collection of his work spanning two decades, was published. "There is nothing in this world that does not have a decisive moment," he said.

In 1968, he began to turn away from photography and returned to his passion for drawing and painting.

1.Which of the following is true about Henri's photography career?

A. He developed a passion for photography when traveling to Africa.

B. He quit photography on publishing The Decisive Moment.

C. He documented Gandhi's everyday life.

D. He devoted all his life to photography.

2.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word in paragraph 2?

A. Costly. B. Generous.

C. Financial. D. Saving.

3.What is special about Henri's approach to photography?

A. He only shot photos at decisive moments.

B. He preferred to edit his images in his darkroom.

C. His most photos described things in their natural ways.

D. He tried different ways and settled on being a naturalist.

On June 23, 2010, a Sunny Airlines captain with 32 years of experience stopped his flight from departing. He was deeply concerned about a power part that might run out of all electrical power on his trans-Pacific flight. Regardless of his concerns, Sunny Airlines pressured him to fly the airplane over the ocean at night. When he refused to put the safety of his passengers at risk, Sunny Airlines' Security removed him out of the airport, and threatened to arrest his crew if they did not cooperate.

Besides that, five more Sunny Airlines pilots also refused to fly the aircraft, expressing their own concerns about the safety of the plane. It turned out the pilots were right: the power part was faulty and the plane was removed from service and finally fixed. Eventually a third crew operated the flight, hours later. In this whole process, Sunny Airlines pressured their highly experienced pilots to ignore their safety concerns and fly passengers over the Pacific Ocean at night in a plane that needed maintenance. Fortunately for all of us, these pilots stood strong and would not be frightened.

Don't just take our word. Please research this yourself and learn the facts at Once you review this shocking information, please keep in mind that while their use of Corporate Security to remove a pilot from the airport is a new procedure, flight crews' lacking confidence is becoming common at Sunny Airlines, with recorded events occurring on a weekly basis.

The flying public deserves the highest levels of safety. No airlines should maximize their gains by pushing their employees to move their airplanes regardless of the potential human cost. Sunny Airlines' pilots are committed to resisting any practices of damaging your safety for profits. We've been trying to deal with these problems behind the scenes for quite some time; now we need your help. Go to to get more information and find out what you can do.

1.After the captain refused to fly the aircraft, he was ________.

A. asked to find another pilot

B. forced to leave the airport

C. arrested for disobeying the order

D. made to help the Airlines fix the plane

2.What is the author's purpose of writing the passage?

A. To help Sunny Airlines make higher profits.

B. To introduce Sunny Airlines' pilot training programs.

C. To review plans for improving Sunny Airlines' service.

D. To expose problems with Sunny Airlines' security practices.

3.Which of the following is true about the aircraft?

A. It was too old for any more flight service.

B. Its problem was found and finally repaired.

C. It was removed from the airport for a week-long checkup.

D. Its problem remained and no crew would operate the flight.

4.The passage was most likely written by ________ of Sunny Airlines.

A. security guards B. managers

C. pilots D. passengers

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