Grandma had the coin for as long as I can remember. Every time I went over to her house, she told me the story of the coin:

It was the day after the ship had ______ in New York City. My grandmother and grandfather had come from Poland on that ship. They came to______ for a new life in the United States, ______ from the poverty and war in their native land.

They were walking to their new ______ from their factory jobs when they saw a small glint (闪光) on the sidewalk. My grandmother bent over to ______ it more closely. It turned out to be a dark and dirty quarter. My grandmother ______ it up and said,“This coin is a good omen, a ______ of good fortune to come.” They took the coin to their little apartment and ______ it to make it shine. The next day my grandmother got a(n) ______ job at a jewelry store.

As the years passed, my grandparents______good times and bad. My father and uncles were born, my grandfather was ______from the factory, but got a job at a big machinery company. There, my grandparents finally found the good ______ my grandmother had ______.

When my grandfather died three years ago, my grandmother ______ in to live with my family. This is when she ______the coin to me. Every day she told me this story. After a few months I could ______ tell the story in my sleep, ______ still she told me the story every day, stressing the importance of ______ on the coin. Last week she died. According to her ______, I got the coin. I think I was fortunate enough because I got the thing that ______ the most to my grandmother, and I will cherish it forever.

1.A. sailed B. joined C. landed D. pulled

2.A. prepare B. ask C. apply D. search

3.A. absent B. fre C. tired D. independent

4.A. restaurant B. store C. apartment D. cottage

5.A. examine B. observe C. test D. touch

6.A. picked B. dug C. lifted D. fixed

7.A. moment B. message C. gift D. sign

8.A. packed B. cleaned C. repaired D. rebuilt

9.A. worse B. greater C. better D. easier

10.A. got over B. took up C. passed by D. went through

11.A. laid off B. laid down C. shut off D. broken down

12.A. wealth B. chance C. fortune D. situation

13.A. described B. planned C. experienced D. predicted

14.A. settled B. moved C. entered D. dropped

15.A. promised B. presente C. sent D. gave

16.A. hardly B. practically C. particularly D. usually

17.A. and B. so C. but D. however

18.A. keeping B. passing C. carrying D. holding

19.A. order B. dream C. explanation D. will

20.A. proved B. offered C. meant D. contributed

Wow,ladies! That is all I can say, I write this article with mixed emotions. Having Aiko the female robot around the house to help out could be either a blessing or a nightmare. If you are a working mother like me, then the idea of having a helping hand around would be a good thing. We working mothers dream about going home to find dinner on the table, a clean house and everything ready for the next day,that would be the perfect world.

Yet as always we women worry about being replaced,me included. Aiko has been created with special sensors (感应器) underneath her immediate“skin”cover. I believe her creator, Le Trung,has other motives(动机). Of course, he says it's not true. She doesn't complain, argue or talk back. She can carry on a conversation and help you with your math homework. She can tell you the weather outside and can speak in English and Japanese. She doesn't require any sleep nor does she complain about a headache or being tired. She can serve tea and give back massages. I'm sure some men out there would view her as the perfect woman or even“superwoman”. So with good reason I say having Aiko around could prove to be bad. As a woman and a wife,I worry about being replaced or even being compared to Aiko. How can you compete with someone or something so perfect like that?

Scientists have been trying to invent robots for a long time. There are many movies and books out there about robots. It looks like those crazy scientists are closer than we thought. Ladies, I think we are fighting a losing battle. So instead of trying to fight it,I guess we have no choice but to join them. Now where is my male robot? Hmm...I want him to look exactly like my Ken Barbie doll. Okay?

1.Le Trung created Aiko mainly to ________.

A. keep people company

B. teach people foreign languages

C. help children with their homework

D. help working mothers do housework

2.What can we learn about Aiko from the second paragraph?

A. She is poorly designed.

B. She is perfectly made.

C. She works better than expectations.

D. She is especially made for housewives.

3.Why does the author think having Aiko around could prove to be bad?

A. The robot could replace her.

B. The robot can do more than she does.

C. The robot makes a mess in the house.

D. The robot can speak human language.

4.What could be the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To introduce a robot.

B. To argue against robot?making.

C. To show her fights with robots.

D. To describe the daily life of a working mother.

If you are hungry, what will you do? Grab a piece of your favorite meal and stay quiet after that? Just like stomach, even your mind will be hungry. But it never lets you know, because you keep it busy thinking about your dream lover, favorite star and many such absurd things. So it silently begins to hide your needs and never lets itself grow. When mind loses its freedom to grow, creativity gets its full stop. This might be the reason why we all sometimes think “What happens next?”, “Why can't I think?”, “Why am I always given the difficult problems?” Well, this is the after?effect of using our brain for thinking of not?so?worthy things.

Hunger of the mind can be actually satisfied through extensive reading. But why is it reading but not watching TV? Because reading has been the most educational tool used by us right from the childhood. Just like that to develop other aspects of our life, we have to turn to reading for help. You have a number of books in the world which will answer all your “how?to” questions. Once you read a book, you just don't run your eyes through the lines, but your mind decodes (译解) it and explains it to you. The interesting part of the book is stored in your mind as a seed. Now this seed is unknowingly used by you in your future to develop new ideas. The same seed, if used many times, can help you link and relate a lot of things, which you would never think of in your wildest dreams!This is nothing but creativity. The more books you read, the wider your mind will become. Also this improves your oratorical (speech?making) skills to a large extent and also makes a significant contribution to your vocabulary. When you start speaking English or any other language fluently with your friends or other people, you never seem to run out of the right words at the right time.

Actually, I had a problem in speaking English fluently,but as I read, I could improve significantly. So guys, do join me and give food for your thoughts by reading, reading and more reading. Now what are you waiting for? Go, grab a book and let me know!

1.What's the best title of the passage?

A. Hunger of the mind

B. Stomach and Mind

C. Feed your Mind by reading

D. Reading or Watching TV

2.You don't know your mind is in hunger because ________.

A. you are not hungry

B. you keep it thinking of silly things

C. your creativity gets a full stop

D. you always meet with difficult problems

3.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the advantage of reading?

A. Reading can make your dream come true.

B. Reading can contribute to your vocabulary.

C. Reading can improve your spoken ability.

D. Reading can make people creative.

4.The purpose of the author in writing this passage is to ________.

A. comment and blame B. introduce and describe

C. explain and persuade D. advise and inform

Here's a new warning from health experts:sitting is deadly. Scientists are increasingly warning that sitting for long periods, even if you exercise regularly, could be bad for your health. And it doesn't matter where the sitting takes place—in the office, at school, in the car or before a computer or TV. Just the overall number of hours it takes counts. Several studies suggest people who spend most of their days sitting are more likely to be fat, have a heart attack or even die.

While health officials have issued (发布) guidelines advising on the least amounts of physical activity, they haven't suggested people try to limit how much time they spend in a seated position.

“After four hours of sitting, the body starts to send harmful signals,” said Ekblom?Bak of the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences. She explained that genes controlling the amount of glucose (葡萄糖) and fat in the body start to shut down.

Even for people who exercise, spending long periods of time sitting at a desk is still harmful. Tim Armstrong, a physical activity expert at the World Health Organization, said people who exercise every day but still spend a lot of time sitting might get more benefits if that exercise were spread across the day, rather than in a single hour.

Still in a study that tracked more than 17,000 Canadians for about a dozen years, researchers found people who sat more had a higher death risk, whether they exercised or not.

Experts said more research is needed to figure out just how much sitting is dangerous, and what might be possible to offset those effects.

“People should keep exercising because that has a lot of benefits,” Ekblom?Bak said. “And when they're in the office, they should try to interrupt sitting as often as possible. ”

1.The underlined word “offset” in Paragraph 6 most probably means “________”.

A. turn to B. work out

C. get rid of D. make use of

2.Sitting too much is dangerous because it can ______.

A. make a person unable to exercise enough in a day

B. destroy the balance of glucose and fat the body

C. increase glucose and fat in the body

D. make a person become lazy

3.In the opinion of Ekblom?Bak, when at work, you'd better have a rest by ________.

A. sending your friends e?mails

B. taking a walk around your office

C. chatting online or playing computer games

D. listening to music while sitting

4.Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

A. Side Effects of Sitting Too Much

B. Don't Sit Too Much While Working

C. More and More People Sit Too Much

D. Sitting Too Much Could Be Dangerous

You may ride on your bicycle in a rush to get to school every morning. You may fight to get a bit of space on a bus or in the subway. You may also watch taxis crawl their way through traffic jams.

No matter where you are, all big cities around the world have traffic jams these days. But although they all have their problems, many cities also have a type of transport that has become a cultural icon (文化标识).

In London to avoid the traffic above ground, people use the “underground”,also called the “tube”. The city has the oldest and most complicated underground railway system in the world and is the pride of many Londoners. With 12 lines and 275 stations across the city, the tube, is normally the quickest and easiest way of getting around London. In London, you are never far from a tube station.

New York is famous for its yellow cabs. They serve as a quick and easy way of getting across Manhattan, where the subway doesn't take you everywhere. Stopping a cab is easy; just stick out your arm like you do in any city. But,with over 12,000 yellow cabs in the Big Apple, they also cause traffic jams.

Since 1873 when the first cable car started public service, the slow and noisy vehicle has been a symbol of San Francisco. Although once damaged by a serious earthquake and challenged (挑战) by cars, it is never caught in traffic jams and provides better views than the subway.

But there are no such symbols in Los Angeles. If you visit you'd better rent a car. The city's public transportation is terrible. It can take hours to get across town by bus. The subway covers just a small part of the city center. The light rail line only runs between the Long Beach hotel area and the city center. That's why Angelenos love their private cars more than any other people in the world.

1.If you have a chance to London and want to avoid the traffic jams, you'd better ________.

A. ride vehicle B. take a taxi

C. use underground D. rent a car

2.People in Los Angeles like their private cars because of the following EXCEPT that ________.

A. the public transportation is terrible

B. it is not expensive to take a private car

C. the underground railway covers a small part of the city center

D. people have to spend hours getting across the Los Angeles by bus

3.The passage mainly tells us ________.

A. how big cities in the foreign countries keep on moving

B. how people in the city avoid the traffic jams

C. why London has the oldest and complicated subway

D. why people call New York the Big Apple

Because six out of every 10 accidental deaths happen to Chinese children who are playing, Shanghai Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical (SJJP), a US?based pharmaceutical giant, is working on a Safe Kids Program to prevent injuries and deaths.

Since the Safe Kids Worldwide was set up in 1987 by Johnson & Johnson in the US, it has contributed to a nearly 40 percent decline in the child death rate from accidental injuries there.Learning from the successful experience, SJJP began the Safe Kids Program in China in 1999.

A recent survey conducted by SJJP and Safe Kids Worldwide China indicates that more than half of the responding parents didn't know how to help their children keep safe and that half of the parents didn't know about their children's motor skill development at different ages.The survey covered 3,359 Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou's parents with children between infancy (幼年) and 14.

Additionally, more than 40 percent of the parents didn't know how to help their children to prepare well for sports activities.For instance, they don't know how to have their children warm up or realize the importance of a playground?check before sports activities.

To help correct the problems, SJJP and Safe Kids Worldwide China have been translating and editing safety education materials, sending them to parents free of charge, and delivering free lectures in kindergartens, schools and residential communities for the last 10 years.

Currently, a special team has been set up and traveling around 12 key cities of China to popularize child sports safety knowledge and offer free training for young parents.

Though SJJP refuses to say how much it has spent on the program, it says the number in terms of money, staff and technology, is large.

SJJP was founded by Johnson & Johnson in 1995 and specializes in manufacturing and development of non?prescription medicines (非处方药) and health care foods and products.So far,its investment has exceeded $41 million.

Title: Safe Kids Program


The program is intended to 2. accidental injuries and deaths.


◇It is sponsored by SJJP, which specializes in making and 3. non?prescription medicine and health care foods and products.

◇It follows the example of the successful experience of Safe Kids. Worldwide in the US, which accounts for a 40% 4. in such injury cases.


◇More than 50% of the parents don't know how to help keep children safe.

◇Half of the parents are not 6.of their children's motor skills.

◇40% or more of the parents fail to help their children prepare well before sports activities, such as warming up and

7. the playground.


◇They have been sending safety education materials to 8.and delivering lectures in schools and communities, all for 9..

◇A special team has been 10.and is now traveling around to popularize child sports safety knowledge and offering free training for young parents.

Chocolate has come a long way through history, and one of the reasons is the Ferrero family, the creators of the world?famous Ferrero Rocher chocolate treats.The history of this family business starts back in the 1940s, when Pietro Ferrero and his wife, Piera, transformed a pastry shop into a factory.There, Pietro and his son, Michele, let their creativity lead them to form the building blocks of the company.Eventually, Michele took over the operation and set his sights on making the best products possible.

Michele's efforts paid off.He turned his father's creations into globally sold and consumed products.One of their most successful products, Nutella, had become a staple food in many homes.The third generation now runs the company.Michele's sons, Pietro and Giovanni worked side by side as managing directors for ten years until an accident resulting in Pietro' death.Still inspired by his family and their hard work and determination, Giovanni is guiding Ferrero into the future.

While staying true to the Ferrero motto of “work, create, and donate”, he is making sure his family's business is an example of success in the past, present, and future.






















A student is learning to speak British English.He wonders(想知道): Can I communicate with Americans?Can they understand me?Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?

Certainly!there are some differences between British and American English.'There are a few differences in grammar.For example,speakers of British English say "in hospital" and "Have you a pen?" Americans say "in the hospital!" and "Do you have a pen?".Pronunciation is sometimes different.Americans usually sound theirs in words like "bird" and "hurt".Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words.There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary.For example,"colour" and "honour" are British,"color" and honor" are American.

These differences in grammar,pronunciation,spelling and vocabulary are not important,however.For the most part,British and American English are the same language.

1.American English and British English are different in ________.

A. spelling B. pronunciation

C. grammar D. all of the above

2.What is not mentioned(提及)in the passage?

A. Whether there are differences between British English and American English.

B. Whether British English and American English are one language or two.

C. How important the differences are.

D. How the differences between British English and American English came about.

3.According to this passage,British people and Americans have________difficulty in understanding each other.

A. Much B. little

C. some D. great

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