Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from one another under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support makes up of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major life changes and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social support helps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.
Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third,we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally,other people may give us instrumental support — money aid, material resources, and needed services — that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.
1.interpersonal relationships are important because they can ________.
A. make people live more easily
B. smooth away daily problems
C. deal with life changes
D. cure types of illnesses
2.The researches show that people’s physical and mental health ________.
A. lies in the social medical care systems which support them
B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others
C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles
D. is related to their courage for dealing with major life changes
3.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “cushions” ？
A. Takes place of. B. Makes up of.
C. Lessens the effect of. D. Gets rid of.
4.Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work in spare time is an example of ________.
A. instrumental support
B. informational support
C. social companionship
D. the strengthening of self-respect
_____ speaking, a person must care much about his ____, because it is not only a personal thing, but also a social one.
A. Personal; personality B. Personally; personality
C. Personally; personal D. Personality; personal
Hollywood movies are regularly filled with crime and violence. They can be exciting films but sometimes all you want is a little light-hearted entertainment.
Have you heard of Bollywood? All singing, all dancing and unrealistic, it is the perfect alternative to normal Hollywood movies. Bollywood is the Indian film industry, based in Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay.1.Yet Bollywood is the largest producer of films in the world. This year the Indian Filmgare Awards, Bollywood's Oscars, turn 50 years old.
The typical Bollywood movie usually has the following ingredients: a cup of romance, a tea-spoon of comedy, a dash of international sight-seeing, served with a huge slice of singing and dancing. There will also be one brave hero, one beautiful heroine and one baddie.2.
Bollywood films are full of ideal things and free of daily worries.3. The actors change clothes and locations within a single song. But the audience don't mind. To Indian movie lovers, especially the poor, such films are a gateway to heaven and the stars are their gods. The films take them to a magical world away from their everyday troubles. The films tell them the impossible is possible and that true love conquers all.
4.Behind the beautiful scenes, Bollywood still emphasizes traditional family values. In most films, if two lovers want to break an arranged marriage, they can't just run away. They must win over their parents.
Bollywood is a decent refreshing replacement for those over-stimulating Hollywood films.5.They will take you to a brighter, cheerier and more colorful world, where it's still cool to dance around a tree and sing a love song.
A．Bollywood has gradually won its reputation on the world stage.
B．There is never any mention of politics, poverty or war.
C．Most Chinese school kids have probably never seen an Indian film.
D．Bollywood films are mostly comic romances with light-hearted incidental music.
E． Bollywood pays great attention to traditional values.
F．The result is a fun-filled musical.
G．So if you're tired of all that Hollywood actions, check out the following Bollywood films.
The "selfie" is used to describe the self-taken photo,often from a smartphone. Someone takes about 10 selfies each time he does, and he only ends up 1. (post) one or two of those. He picks the one that he feels make him look the 2. (good). In that picture,he gains confidence. For that moment, everything bad or terrible that has happened to him 3. (remove), because that smile is what gives him the 4. (determine) to love himself.
I read 5. poem recently and the young man said，”If I ask you 6. you love, the answers will most likely roll your tongue. You love to read. You love to write. You love your mom, you daughter,or your best friend. How long do you think you can go on and on before you say 'I love 7.(I)’？"
That statement hit me like a ton of bricks. I've struggled with confidence all my life. I still do. And in 8. way am I saying that taking a selfie is a gateway 9. confidence. 10., the selfie does deserve some credit for allowing individuals to express themselves.
假如你是李华，是华文中学的学生会主席。为了丰富同学们的业余生活，提高同学们的英语水平，学生会 组织了ー个English club，请你写封邀请信，邀请同学们参加。内容应包括：
1. English club设立的目的；
2. English club要开展的活动；
Sometimes people are mean to others who are smarter or different from them. It makes them feel powerfully or in control. But if they take time to get to know that person, they may become friends!
Try not to show angers towards kids who are being mean to you. Standing up tall and walk away can work really well. Not getting a reaction from them takes away the fun for them. They may stop unless they see what they are doing don’t bother you. If kids continue to be mean, try to talk about them. Being calm and firm but nice. It is hard to be mean to someone is being nice. However, if you ever feel threatened or in the danger, tell an adult right away.