The Lazy Donkey

A man bought a donkey at the market one day and took him home on approval. Now the man owned several donkeys already and he knew each one’s character very well.

One of the donkeys was very strong and brave. Another was eager to please but quickly exhausted. One donkey was very lazy. He hated going to work in the morning and he did as little as he possibly could all day long. When the other animals were being loaded up he always tried to be the last so that he would get the lightest load.

The man led the new donkey into the stable yard. For a moment he stood sniffing at his new companions. Then, without hesitation, he trotted up to the lazy donkey and began feeding comfortably at his side.

Though it was late in the day, the man immediately led the new donkey out of the yard, straight back to the market.

“You cannot have given him a fair trial yet,” said the merchant. “It is only ten minutes since you bought him.”

“I don’t need to try him any more,” replied the man. “I know just what he is like from the friend he chose for himself. Take him away and give me my money back. I can do without donkeys like him.”

【写作内容】

1.以约30个词概括以上短文的主要内容。

2.以约120个词谈谈你对故事的看法,内容包括:

(1) 故事的寓意;

(2) 你对交友的认识;

(3) 你对青少年交友的建议。

【写作要求】

1. 作文中可参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

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The world itself is becoming much smaller by using modern traffic and modern communication means. Life today is much easier than it was hundreds of years ago, but it has brought new problems. One of the biggest problems is pollution. To pollute means to make things dirty. Pollution comes in many ways. We see it, smell it, drink it and even hear it.

Man has been polluting the earth. The more people, the more pollution. Many years ago, the problem was not so serious because there were not so many people. When the land was used up or the river was dirty in one place, man moved to another place. But this is no longer true.

Man is now slowly polluting the whole world.

Air pollution is still the most serious. It’s bad for all living things in the world, but it is not the only one kind of pollution. Water pollution kills our fish and pollutes our drinking water. Noise pollution makes us angry more easily.

Many countries are making rules to fight pollution. They stop people from burning coal in houses and factories in the city, and from putting dirty smoke into the air. Pollution by SO2 is now the most dangerous kind of air pollution. It is caused by heavy traffic. We are sure that if there are fewer people driving, there will be less air pollution.

The earth is our home. We must take care of it. That means keeping the land, water and air clean. And we must take care of the rise in pollution at the same time.

1. , our world is becoming much smaller.

A. Because of the rise in pollution

B. Because the earth is being polluted day and night

C. Thanks to science development

D. Because the earth is blown away by the wind every year

2.Air pollution is still the most serious kind of pollution because .

A. it makes much noise

B. it makes us angry more easily

C. it’s had for all living things in the world

D. it makes our rivers and lakes dirty

3.Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Many countries are making rules to fight pollution

B. The pollution of the earth grows as fast as the world population does

C. If people could go to work by bus or bike instead of car or motorbike, it would be helpful in fighting against the problem of SO2

D. The problem of pollution is not so serious because there are not so many people on the earth

Four days after Dad’s 67th birthday, he had a heart attack. Luckily, he survived. But something inside him had died. His enthusiasm for life was gone. He refused to follow doctor’s orders, and his sour attitude made everyone upset when they visit him. Dad was left alone.

So I asked Dad to come to live with me on my small farm, hoping the fresh air would help him adjust. Within a week after he moved in, I regretted the invitation. He criticized everything I did. I became frustrated. Something had to be done.

One day I read an article which said when given dogs, depressed patients would be better off. So I drove to the animal shelter that afternoon. As soon as I got there, a pointer’s eyes caught my attention. They watched me calmly.

A staff member said: “He got here two weeks ago and we’ve heard nothing. His time is up tomorrow.”

I turned to the man in horror. “You mean you’re going to kill him?”

“Ma’am,” he said gently. “We don’t have room for every unclaimed dog.”

The staff member’s calm brown eyes awaited my decision. “I’ll take him,” I said.

I drove home with the dog on the front seat beside me. I was helping it out of the car when Dad walked onto the front porch. “Look what I got you!” I said excitedly.

Dad wrinkled his face. “I don’t want it,” he muttered, turning back towards the house. Then, suddenly, the dog pulled free from my grasp. He sat down in front of my Dad.

Dad’s anger melted, and soon he was hugging the dog.

This was the beginning of a warm friendship. Dad named the dog Cheyenne. Together they spent long hours walking down dusty lanes and relaxing on the banks of streams.

Dad’s bitterness faded, and he and Cheyenne went on to make many friends. Then, late one night two years later, I felt Cheyenne’s cold nose burrowing(搜寻) through my bed covers. He had never before come into my bedroom at night. I ran into my father’s room and found that he had passed away.

Two days later, my shock and grief deepened when I discovered Cheyenne lying dead beside Dad’s bed. As I buried him near their favorite stream, I silently thanked the dog for restoring Dad’s peace of mind.

1.After the author’s father survived the heart attack, he .

A. no longer wanted to live

B. was left alone to get full rest

C. ignored everyone who visited him

D. became unpleasant toward other people

2.Why did the author take the pointer home?

A. It was a type that is known for its friendliness

B. Its eyes made her think it was the best dog available

C. It caught her attention right away and she didn’t want it to be killed

D. It was good at getting people’s attention and entertaining them

3.From the last two paragraphs we can conclude that .

A. more attention should be given to old people

B. dogs are so loyal that they usually die for their friends

C. the author’s father and Cheyenne formed a real connection

D. friendship and care is much more efficient than the medicine

4.Which section of a newspaper is the source of the passage?

A. Health B. Entertainment

C. Education D. Friends

Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt.

In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out.

Though the belief in the merit of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War II. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea; clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far?

Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first-time parents nervously try to warn their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist (免疫学家), encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the latter position is gaining some ground.

1.The kings of France and England in the 16th century closed bath houses because .

A. they lived healthily in a dirty environment

B. they believed disease could be spread in public baths

C. they thought bath houses were to dirty to stay in

D. they considered bathing as the cause of skin disease

2.Which of the following best describes Henry IV’s attitude to bathing?

A. Approving B. Afraid

C. Curious D. Uninterested

3.How does the passage mainly develop?

A. By providing examples

B. By making comparisons

C. By following the order of importance

D. By following the order of time

4.What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

A. To stress the role of dirt

B. To present the change of views on dirt

C. To introduce the history of dirt

D. To call attention to the danger of dirt

When was the last time you relied on an old-fashioned map to figure out the route to an unfamiliar place? For many, the GPS has revolutionized navigation, making a paper map almost obsolete? So how has this piece of technology developed over its 26 years of existence? On February 14,1989,the first satellite in the US Global Positioning System was sent into space from Cape Canaveral, beginning the start of one of the wonders of the modern world.

GPS stands for Global Positioning System, which is made of a network of around 30 satellites that move around the earth. The system uses a process called trilateration to find out one’s position. By measuring the time it takes for the signal to reach one satellite, the GPS can determine your distance from the satellite, creating a sphere(范围) of possible locations. Measuring your distance from at least three satellites will narrow your location to the place where the three spheres cross one another, to the accuracy(精确) of about less than 1 meter!

The GPS was first invented during the Cold War by the United States Department of Defense. In 1960, the first system, which was made of just five satellites, was put into place. It was initially created for strictly military(军事的) use; however, in 1983, as a result of faulty navigation technology, a Korean passenger plane mistakenly flew into USSR territory(苏联领土) and was shot down. In order to prevent such bad events, American President Ronald Reagan allowed civilian(民用的) use of the GPS.

Over the next ten years, the system’s accuracy improved as the network was increased to 24 satellites. And during the first Persian Gulf War, the new GPS was finally used by the military. Now scientists use the technology to track animals to better understand their movement and behavior. Parents who may be worried about their children can also use GPS technology to track them.

1.The underlined word “obsolete” in Paragraph 1 can best be replaced by “ ”.

A. priceless B. unusual

C. perfect D. useless

2.The second paragraph is mainly about .

A. how the GPS works B. the history of the GPS

C. the applications of the GPS D. some problems with the GPS

3.According to the text, the GPS .

A. has a history of over 100 years

B. became popular during the Cold War

C. relies on the satellites circling the earth

D. was available first during space exploration

4.What does the author think of the GPS?

A. It is not always reliable

B. It has a lot of uses in many fields

C. It makes our life more peaceful

D. It will soon go out of fashion

Why is setting goals important? 1.Instead of just letting life happen to you, goals allow you to make your life happen.

Successful people imagine how their life should be and set lots of goals.2.It’s like having a map to show you where you want to go. Think of in this way. There are two drivers. One has a destination in mind which can be found in a map. She can drive straight there without any wasted time or wrong turns. The other driver has no goal, or destination or map. She starts off at the same time from the same place as the first driver, but she drivers aimlessly around. Never getting anywhere, just using up gas. Which driver do you want to be?

3.They decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and setting goals. Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and they aren’t difficult to reach.4.You are the one who must decide what to achieve and in what direction to aim your life.

5.Written goals can be reviewed regularly, and have more power. Like a contract with yourself, they are harder to neglect or forget. Also when you write your goals in a particular way you are able to make yourself continuously aware of situations that will bring you nearer to your goal.

A. Winners in life set goals and follow through

B..It’s up to you to find out what your goals really are

C. By setting goals you are taking control of your life

D. Because everybody should have a goal in his mind

E. It’s difficult for a driver to reach his destination without a map

F. Because goals can help you do, be and experience everything you want in life

G. Research tells us that when we write a goal down, we are more likely to achieve it

I was eight years old then. Looking______I remember the time in a baseball field passing the team that we had just______. We shook their hands and said, ”Good game!”

It is______to do that when you win! When you lose, you have a tendency(倾向) to slap (拍) the hand-instead of shaking it-and______the ground instead of the eyes. This is not only true for an eight-year-old; it is true for adults, too.

A few years ago, in a softball league, we lost 15 games! And we thought it was______. But during the “Good game” handshake after each______, I looked each player in the eyes and shook their hands. I couldn’t look my opponents (对手) in the eyes and congratulate them on a good______when I was eight. Somehow I took the loss as a______on my self-worth and felt my self-confidence had been slapped;______-I did what most eight-year-olds do and I slapped the opponents’ hands, not giving them the satisfaction of a shake. I was wrong to do this. I’m happy today as a(n)______ that I have learned this______: There is something to be said for losing well.

____it is a baseball game or an important examination, you can______a lot about a person by now they deal with defeat. The person who deals with defeat as an______blow is not allowing the event to define (定义) him, while someone who cannot______defeat is allowing the event to______his self-worth. In my opinion, when you______in something-though it may be______-look at your opponents in the eyes, and shake their hands in a______way as you say, “Good game!”______to allow the event to define your life. You might find yourself winning the next game.

1.A. round B. before C. about D. back

2.A. taught B. met C. defeated D. caught

3.A. difficult B. easy C. proper D. bad

4.A. laugh at B. shout at C. knock at D. look at

5.A. unbelievable B. reasonable C. embarrassing D. challenging

6.A. loss B. sadness C. disappointing D. failure

7.A. game B. time C. team D. day

8.A. text B. limit C. hit D. cost

9.A. otherwise B. therefore C. besides D. finally

10.A. child B. player C. adult D. parent

11.A. course B. rule C. opinion D. lesson

12.A. As B. Although C. Whether D. Once

13.A. tell B. get C. argue D. disagree

14.A. unimportant B. unfortunate C. unnecessary D. unacceptable

15.A. carry out B. care about C. deal with D. take up

16.A. disturb B. affect C. order D. remark

17.A. begin B. end C. lose D. stop

18.A. certain B. hard C. impossible D. funny

19.A. immediate B. cold C. friendly D. slow

20.A. Try B. Fear C. Refuse D. Prepare

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