We all have our ways of marking time.My life is measured by taking pictures from one story to the next.My oldest son was born in the middle of a long story about endangered animals.My daughter came along with a pack of gray wolves.

It's the story in Alaska that I'll remember best,though.It was the story about the loss of wild land,during which my wife Kathy got cancer.That's the one that made time stand still.With anxiety,I stopped taking pictures on the day when she found that tumor(肿瘤).Cruelly,it was Thanksgiving Day.Early examination saves time.But ours was not early.By the time you can feel it yourself,it's often bigger than the doctor wants it to be.

Cancer is a thief.It steals time.Our days are already short with worry.Then comes this terrible disease,unfair as storm at harvest time.But cancer also has the power to change us,for good.We learn to simplify it,enjoying what we have instead of feeling sorry for what we don't.Cancer even makes me a better father.My work has made me a stranger to my three kids.But now I pay attention to what really matters.This is not a race.This is a new way of life and a new way of seeing,all from the cancer.

In the end each of us has so little time.We have less of it than we can possibly imagine.And even though it turns out that Kathy's cancer has not spread,and her prognosis(预断)is good.We try to make it all count now,enjoying every part of every day.

I've picked up my camera again.I watch the sky,searching for beautiful light.When winter storms come,Kathy and I gather our children and take the time to catch snowflakes(雪花)on our tongues.After all,this is good.This is what we're living for.

1.What is the writer?

A. A sponsor. B. A doctor.

C. A photographer. D. A director.

2.How did the writer feel after knowing Kathy's disease?

A. Anxious. B. Innocent.

C. Powerful. D. Optimistic.

3.What effect has the cancer had on the author?

A. He focuses much more on his work.

B. He spends more time with his family.

C. He becomes a stranger to his children.

D. He devotes much more to medical care.

4.What can be inferred from the passage?

A. Cancer steals time.

B. Kathy's cancer has spread.

C. Snowflakes make the family feel cool.

D. The author takes a different way of life.

If you're thinking about reaching for another biscuit to get you through the working day,think again.Eating unhealthy snacks at your desk makes you pile on almost half a stone a year,a survey has revealed.The waistlines of women suffer the most,with the average female putting on 61b 3oz—the equivalent of a whole dress size—while men see their weight increase by 51b 20z.

The report into our eating habits found that,on average,we eat at least two snacks a day,with 30 percent of us tucking into three or more.Women admit eating more than men,with a further 13 percent of ladies scoffing four or more snacks a day.The research,by The Village Bakery,found biscuits are the most common vice,with 42 percent regularly opening a pack,closely followed by chocolate (38 percent),crisps (32 percent) and cakes (13 percent).

And office workers are worse than most.Cakes and biscuits brought into work by colleagues are one of the main temptations office staff give in to.In addition,33 percent admit reaching for nibbles to cope with stress and 22 percent say they need a sugar rush to perk them up in the afternoon.

Simon Staddon,of The Village Bakery,said:"We were aware time-poor office workers can find it difficult to easily access a nutritional lunch.But we were really shocked by the extent to which 'quick fix' lunches are affecting weight gain and general well-being.Popular mid-afternoon pick-me-ups such as biscuits,chocolate and cakes are high in calories,fat and full of sugar,all of which affect your blood sugar levels and ultimately lead to weight gain."

The survey of 2,000 British men and women suggests we are often ashamed of our unhealthy eating. Twenty-four percent of Britons admit lying about how many snacks they eat with 33 percent of women lying, compared to 20 percent of men.Unfortunately,it's as if we are not likely to do anything positive to counteract the sweet treats.

1.According to the passage,women usually put weight on first______.

A. on the face B. on the legs

C. on the feet D. in the middle

2.What's the main reason of eating snacks in the office?

A. Colleagues eat them to save money.

B. Staff use them to cope with their lunches.

C. Colleagues often bring them to office.

D. Bosses invite staff to eat them.

3.Why do office workers eat a "quick fix" lunch?

A. Because it has much of nutrition.

B. Because it has little effect on weight gain.

C. Because it has little effect on general well-being.

D. Because they have a short time to have their lunches.

4.It can be inferred that British women are______.

A. less likely to lie on snacks than men

B. more likely to lie on snacks than men

C. more ashamed of eating snacks than men

D. less ashamed of eating snacks than men

Whenever something looks interesting or beautiful,there's a natural impulse to catch and own it—which means, in this day and age,that we can't help reaching for our phones to take a picture when seeing beautiful things.

Though this would seem to be a wonderful solution,there are two big problems about taking pictures.Firstly, we're likely to be so busy taking the pictures that we forget to look at the world whose beauty and interest inspire us to take a photograph in the first place.And secondly,because we feel the pictures are safely stored in our phones,we never get around to look at them.

These problems would seem to be very much of today,a consequence of the tiny phones in our pockets.But they were noticed right at the beginning of the history of photography,when the average camera was the size of a grandfather clock.The first person who noticed them was the English art critic,John Ruskin.He was a travelling lover who realized that most tourists failed to notice or remember the beautiful things they saw.

He argued that humans have a born tendency(倾向)to respond to beauty and desire to keep it,but that there are bad expressions of this desire.At worst,we get into buying souvenirs or taking photographs.But,in Ruskin's eyes, there's one thing we should do and that is attempting to draw the interesting things we see,and it doesn't matter whether we happen to have any talent for doing so.

Before the invention of photography,people used to draw far more than they do today.It was an active necessity. But in the mid-19th century,photography killed drawing.It became something only "artists" would ever do,so Ruskin spent four years on a campaign to get people drawing again.

So if drawing had value even when it was practiced by people with no talent,it was for Ruskin because drawing can teach us to notice properly rather than watch absent-mindedly(心不在焉地).When describing what lies before our eyes with our own hands,we naturally move from a position of observing beauty in a loose way to one where we acquire a deep understanding of its parts.

1.What does the underlined word "impulse" mean?

A. Interest. B. Urge.

C. Habit. D. Reaction.

2.What does Paragraph 2 mainly talk about?

A. An effective solution to storing something nice.

B. Reasons for taking pictures in the first place.

C. Problems related with taking photos.

D. Methods of storing pictures in phones.

3.It can be inferred that John Ruskin______.

A. lived at the origin of photography

B. lived at the origin of drawing

C. studied the history of photography

D. was an English literature critic

4.How did John Ruskin advise us to remember our travel?

A. By taking photographs.

B. By buying meaningful souvenirs.

C. By writing some travel notes.

D. By trying drawing what we see.

Kids with special needs refer to any kid who might need extra help because of a medical,emotional,or learning problem.For example,kids who cannot walk need wheelchairs.They not only need equipment that helps them get around,but they might need to have ramps(坡道)or elevators available.1.

Kids with an illness would have special needs,too2.Kids with sight problems might need Braille books to read.Kids with hearing problems might need hearing aids.

3.It might be harder to do normal things,like learning to read or just getting around the school.The good news is that parents,doctors,nurses,teachers,and others can help.The goal is to help kids be as independent as possible.

Other kids can also be a big help.How?By being a friend.Kids who use a wheelchair or have lots of health problems want friends just as you do.But meeting people and making friends can be difficult.4.Be sure to tell a teacher if you see someone being bullied(欺辱)or teased.

5.Being friendly to kids with special needs is one of the best ways to be helpful.As you get to know them they may help you understand what it's like to be in their shoes.And you'll be helping fill a very special need,one that everybody has-the need for good mends.

A.Some kids might laugh at or make fun of them.

B.It is good manners to offer help to kids with special needs.

C.Life can be challenging for a kid with special needs.

D.They also might need to get a special bus to school.

E.They might need medicine or other help as they go about their daily activities.

F.Also,try to be helpful if you know someone with special needs.

G.Someone could have trouble with anxiety,but you wouldn't know it unless told about it.

“What do you think of the extraordinary achievements of your life?”Queen Victoria of Britain asked Helen Keller.

“You are____and deaf, but how can you make such great achievements?"Ms.Keller's answer was the____for her teacher,"If there were no Anne Sullivan,the name of Helen Keller would not be known."

When Anne was little,she suffered a great____.A fever made her nearly lose her eyesight in her childhood,and she was diagnosed as a hopeless “lunatic”(疯子)by the doctor.She was locked in the basement of a mental hospital in Boston.Sometimes,little Ann____attacked anyone who approached her.She____everyone who appeared in front of her most of the time.

____,an old nurse believed that little Anne had hope and asked to____the task of looking after the girl.She went to see little Anne every day.The child ignored her most of the time,but the old nurse didn't____seeing her every day in the basement.The kind-hearted lady left cookies to little Anne and spoke words full of love and____to her.She believed that____she showed love,little Anne would be able to____.

Finally,the doctor____changes in little Anne.Anne,who was always full of anger and hostility,showed____and goodwill she had never had before.They transferred her upstairs and her____continued improving.Then the last day came,and she____the mental hospital.

After she grew up,Anne Sullivan hoped to help____,just as the kind old nurse helped her.She saw great____in Helen Keller.She cared for her,____her strictly,encouraged her,played with her and worked with her.Anne Sullivan ____a miracle(奇迹)in the life of Helen Keller.But first it was a kind nurse who had full____in little Anne that turned a silent child into a kind teacher.

1.A. weak B. lame C. thin D. blind

2.A. prize B. praise C. courage D. mood

3.A. storm B. accident C. disaster D. harm

4.A. fiercely B. silently C. obviously D. exactly

5.A. welcomed B. ignored C. cheered D. changed

6.A. Besides B. Thus C. Moreover D. However

7.A. take on B. look on C. go on D. turn on

8.A. consider B. stop C. permit D. continue

9.A. disappointment B. appreciation C. encouragement D. hate

10.A. as soon as B. even though C. as if D. so long as

11.A. grow B. write C. recover D. suit

12.A. approved B. noticed C. proposed D. operated

13.A. mildness B. sympathy C. calm D. wisdom

14.A. experiment B. belief C. sight D. condition

15.A. escaped B. finished C. left D. survived

16.A. the others B. another C. other D. others

17.A. potential B. status C. affection D. satisfaction

18.A. committed B. trained C. controlled D. raised

19.A. created B. found C. developed D. spread

20.A. curiosity B. promise C. confidence D. relief

People usually talk about two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. The warm colors are red, orange and yellow, while the cool colors are green, blue and purple.

Why are red, orange and yellow considered to be warm colors? That’s because they have the psychological effect (心理效应) of making us feel warm because of the association (联系) with fire, heat and sunshine. These colors are very eye-catching.

Red can make us excited. It is the color of passion (激情) and power. Orange gives off a friendly and attracting feeling. It is lively and happy. Yellow has an enthusiastic feeling. It is the color of the sun, and it can attract attention.

The cool colors — green, blue and purple, have the psychological effect of making us feel cool because of the association with deep bodies of water, the open sky, or maybe mountains in the distance. These colors can be good choices for background.

Green sets a feeling of hope. It is the color of nature and represents new life and growth. Blue makes us feel peaceful and calm. It can also be cold like ice, or calm like a lake. Purple has a mysterious feeling. Wearing purple looks nice and elegant.

1.Why do warm colors make us feel warm?

A. Because they take on the color of the sky.

B. Because they make people full of power.

C. Because they are like mountains in the distance.

D. Because they are related to fire,heat and sunshine.

2.Which color can help people calm down?

A. Blue. B. Orange.

C. Yellow. D. Red.

3.Which can be the best title for this passage?

A. Background and colors

B. Warm colors and cool colors

C. Ways to choose a favorite color

D. Colors, effects on people’s health

Zhang Chaofan, 24, was born without a left hand and forearm. Her father named her Chaofan, which means being extraordinary, as he hoped she would live a wonderful life despite (尽管) her disability.

As a child, Zhang dreamed of having a pair of hands. After she entered primary school, Zhang realized she would never have a left hand. At that time, painting helped her win confidence in life. Zhang performed well academically in high school. At the same time, her love of painting didn’t become weak and she dreamed of setting up her own art school. Due to her hard work, she achieved high scores in the college entrance exam, and in 2011 she was accepted into School of Art and Communication of Beijing Technology and Business University. She won the school’s top scholarship every year.

Zhang set up an art school in Changchun in 2015. In 2016, the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League named Zhang one of the 20 young people who set an example to the young by being kind hearted.

“Disabled people may have less chance in their jobs and more inconvenience in their lives than normal people. But that doesn’t mean we are unable to make good achievements. We must be brave, and we must believe in love and teamwork. Life will smile on us in return if we work hard,” Zhang said.

1.Why did the father name his daughter Chaofan?

A. Because he knew her great talent.

B. Because he wished her a splendid life.

C. Because he arranged her bright future.

D. Because he understood her disability.

2.How is Paragraph 2 mainly developed?

A. By telling a funny story.

B. By offering suggestions.

C. By following time order.

D. By making comparisons.

3.Which of the following can best describe Zhang Chaofan?

A. Honest and strict.

B. Understanding and ashamed.

C. Proud and impatient.

D. Warm-hearted and hard-working.

4.What can be inferred from what Zhang said?

A. Disabled people seldom work together.

B. Disabled people should be taken good care of.

C. Disabled people can make achivements by working hard.

D. Disabled people may have more chance to get employed.

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