New research proves it wrong that the loss of one sense may sharpen other senses. A new study from the University of Montreal found that blind people have no sharper sense of smell than the sighted. The loss of sight simply makes blind people pay more attention to how they sense smells, the researchers said.

“If you enter a room in which coffee is boiling, you will quickly look for the coffee machine. However, for a blind person, he or she will only have the smell of coffee as information,” said a researcher, Mathilde Beaulieu-Lefebvre.

“There is a saying that blind people have better smell than the sighted. We are proving it wrong,” said Maurice Ptito, a professor at the University of Montreal. “However, the blind do set themselves apart as they are somewhat better than the sighted at deciding what direction a sound is coming from.”

It is further found that the blind use a certain part of the brain more than the sighted when they smell. They also use the part which is normally used for sight. “That’s interesting because it means that part of the brain is reorganized and used in a new way,” said Ptito.

The research on the sense of smell could lead to new applications that are likely to help guide blind people in their surroundings.

1.How do blind people know coffee is boiling?

A. By looking for the coffee machine. B. By using the sense of smell.

C. By sharpening their sense of sight. D. By doing a scientific study.

2.The underlined phrase “set themselves apart” probably means “ ”.

A. put themselves aside B. make themselves puzzled

C. give themselves up D. make themselves distinguishing

3.In which part of a magazine can we most probably read this passage?

A. Science. B. Food.

C. Culture. D. Music.

I was driving home from my laughter club when I passed a patrol (巡逻) policeman going in the opposite direction. I saw him make a ______ U-turn when I looked in my rear-view (后视) mirror. I ______ at my speedometer (速度计) and saw that I was going at the speed of 65mph. Immediately, he got ______ me and started flashing those pretty red and blue lights. I could feel my heart was ______ fast.

I am a Laughter Yoga teacher. I teach that laughter is the best medicine for ______ situations, so I decided to practice what I teach to get both of us relaxed. I started ______, not because it was funny, but because I know that laughter can reduce blood pressure and make people ______. The police officer walked to my car. When I ______ down my window, I was giggling (咯咯的笑) to myself.

“Did you know you were going at 75 mph?” he shouted. I tried to ______ laughing and said “No” with a smile. “I was going at 65mph.”

He responded, ‘That is still breaking the ______. The speed limit is 55.’’

I was thinking about the laughing. “Ha ha ha, I made a mistake and I will learn a ______ from it. Please forgive (宽恕) me.” I kept giggling to myself while he asked about my ______ record. Then I laughed out when I ______ to him, “I haven’t had a ticket in at least 10 years.”

____, he took away my license and went back to his police car. I could see him through my rear-view mirror as if checking something. Soon he came back to my car, handed me back my ______, smiled and said, “Slow down and have a nice day.”

I believe that the laughter and smile changed him.

1.A. quick B. slow C. loose D. mistaken

2.A. reached out B. looked down C. showed up D. stayed up

3.A. back B. about C. behind D. across

4.A. hesitating B. recovering C. breaking D. beating

5.A. worrying B. cheerful C. distant D. wild

6.A. crying B. shouting C. laughing D. singing

7.A. anxious B. happy C. upset D. embarrassed

8.A. turned B. cut C. rolled D. jumped

9.A. keep B. stop C. escape D. risk

10.A. case B. law C. engine D. custom

11.A. goal B. lesson C. statement D. document

12.A. driving B. sailing C. hiking D. hunting

13.A. introduced B. referred C. explained D. contributed

14.A. Hopefully B. Gradually C. Disappointedly D. Doubtfully

15.A. handbag B. guidance C. compass D. license

Creative Writing Summer School

2-15 August 2015

Study at one of the world's leading universities

About the Creative Writing Summer School

This programme is for those wishing to develop their existing creative writing skills, either for eventual professional use, or out of personal interest.Workshop courses take place twice a day.In a series of plenary(全体出席的)lectures (each morning, and on some evenings), novelists, poets and writers of creative non-fiction discuss their own work and the art of writing.Plenary lectures are designed to expand students' understanding of their own creative options.Students will expected to complete daily writing tasks outside classroom hours; the resulting work will form the primary focus of the workshops.

What will I be studying?

Workshop courses focus on practical writing skills and critical reflection; there are specialist options in fiction; creative non-fiction and poetry, and writing for stage and screen, as well as a more broadly-based writing course.

Who can apply?

The programme is open to university students, literature teachers, professionals and those with other life experience; gap-year students preparing for university may also apply (students must be accompanied by a parent/ guardian if under 18 when the programme starts).Participants must also meet the language requirements specific to this programme and will be asked to provide a 300-400 word piece explaining their reasons for applying.

Who will be teaching me?

Courses are taught by a combination of published writers associated with the School of Continuing Education, Peking University and by guest subject specialists from beyond the university.

Where will I stay?

Participants can stay in the School of Continuing Education, Peking University, close to the teaching sites and city Coventry.

How do I apply?

You can download an application form or apply online.

Find out more:

1.Participants are supposed to finish their writing tasks______.

A. in the morning B. in the evening

C. after class D. during plenary lectures

2.The writing courses_____·

A. focus on practical writing skills

B. cover various kinds of writing

C. don't include writing for stage and screen

D. are mainly about creative non-fiction

3.Applicants need to write an essay to_______.

A. introduce themselves

B. show their writing skills

C. state their language learning experiences

D. explain why they want to attend the programme

Up to 60 Shanghai maths teachers are to be brought to England to raise standards, in an exchange arranged by the Department for Education.The announcement comes as a campaign is launched to raise adult maths skills.A survey of 300 adults for the numeracy campaign found that over a third thought their level of maths had held them back.An accompanying economic analysis said that a lack of maths skills cost the UK 20 billion pounds per year.

The plan to bring 60 English-speaking maths teachers from Shanghai is an attempt to learn from a city that has been the top performance in the OECD's Pisa tests.The OECD says that children of poor families in Shanghai are on average better at maths than middle class children in the UK.The Shanghai teachers, expected to arrive from the autumn, will help share their teaching methods, support pupils who are struggling and help to train other teachers.

“We have some smart maths teachers in this country but what I saw in Shanghai-and other Chinese cities-has only strengthened my belief that we can learn from them.” said education minister, Elizabeth Truss, who has recently visited Shanghai, accompanied by head teachers from England, “They have a can-do attitude to maths-and I want us to match that, and their performance,” She stressed the economic significance of raising maths standards, for individuals and the country.'As part of our long term economic plan, we are determined to drive up standards in our schools and give our young people the skills they need to succeed in the global race.Good maths qualifications have the greatest earning potential and provide the strongest protection against unemployment,” said the education minister.

1.Poor maths skills have caused serious _____ consequences in England.

A. academic B. economic

C. cultural D. political

2.What is the main factor behind Shanghai teachers’success in maths teaching?

A. Their students are from poor families

B. Their students have a talent for maths

C. They have a positive attitude to teaching

D. They teach in a highly developed city.

3.According to Elizabeth Truss, raising maths standards can be helpful in_____.

A. equipping young people with global competitiveness

B. promoting the pupils’ international test performance

C. teaching how to earn money in the global market

D. discovering one’s maths talent at an early age

4.What can be the best title for the passage?

A. Good Maths Skills Are about Hard Work

B. Why Are English Maths Standards Left Behind?

C. Why Are Shanghai Maths Teachers Getting Popular?

D. Chinese Teachers Bring the Art of Maths to English Schools

A massive winter storm is expected to begin hitting Massachusetts tonight, dumping up to a foot or more of snow in some areas, while whipping the coast with powerful winds and driving rains, forecasters predict.

“It’s got a little bit of everything,” William Babecock, a meteologist(气象学家)at the National Weather Service in Taunton, said of the post-Christmas storm that brought snowstorm conditions to the Ohio Valley before heading east with its mixed bag of snow, sleet, and rain.

State Highway Administrator Frank De Paola said more than 4,000 states and snowplows(扫雪车)and salt spreaders were ready to make the roads safer for holiday travelers.

“MassDOT will be fully staffed and will be ready to handle this,” De Paola said, nothing that the storm, which should bring snow to most of the state except the Cape and Island before turning into rain tomorrow, is Massachusetts’ first significant snow storm of this winter season.

“There have been events where we have had pretty much freezing, icing concerns, which we have treated with chemicals.But this is the first big event that will call for plowing,” he said.

A high wind watch has been issued for southeastern Massachusetts, including Cape Cod, Forecasters say the wind could reach 60 mph, possibly bringing down power lines.

In Worcester, some were busy for severer by buying rock salt,shovels and windshield wash,Barrows Hardware president Brain Barrow said.He called the volume(总量)of customers at his Webster Street store very steady on Wednesday morning, “You do get that supermarket effect for sure,”he said of shoppers stocking supplies before a storm.

There were no flight delays or cancellations at Logan International Airport in Boston as of day,” Right now, everything’s running normally.” airport spokesman Richard Walsh said.But Walsh said as the day progressed, travelers should contact their airlines directly to check the status of their flights.

1.According to William Babecock, we can know that_____.

A. snow, sleet, and rain occurred after Christmas

B. nothing has been done to prepare for the winter storm

C. 400 snowplows were ready for the snow

D. the snowstorm came from the Ohio snow

2.We can conclude from Paragraph 5 that_____.

A. this winter season is filled with great significance

B. Massachusetts seldom sees snow all year round

C. here are some poisonous chemicals in the snow

D. the icy roads have inconvenienced people

3.Some people bought supplies _______.

A. became they got affected by the supermarket

B. because they were wrongly directed to do this

C. because they were excited to be informed

D. because they were preparing themselves for the snow

4.What does the author mainly want to say in the passage?

A. People tend to fall into a panic when faced with had weather

B. The government shows concern for people’s living conditions

C. People from all walks of life have gotten ready for the snow

D. Flights usually aren’t affected much by had weather

What's more exciting than having a fresh hot pizza delivered to your door? How about having it brought to you by a robot? Thanks to Domino's Robotic Unit or DRU, that just became a reality! On March 8, the three-foot tall robot delivered its first pizza to some lucky residents in Brisbane, Australia.

The fully autonomous DRU is the result of a cooperation between Domino’s Pizza Australia and Marathon Robotics.The 450-pound machine that travels at a maximum speed of 12.4 miles an hour can traverse a distance of up to 12 miles and back, before requiring a battery recharge. LIDAR, a laser-based sensor technology similar to the one used in self-driving cars, enables DRU to detect and avoid obstacles, while traditional sensors, much like those used in vacuum robots ensure its path is safe as it heads to its destination.

The robot can fit up to ten pizzas and even has a separate cold area to accommodate drink orders.To access their fond, customers have to enter the unique code provided by the company.This is not only ensures that they pick up the right pizza, but also prevents the pies from getting stolen.

Scientists expert additional DRU’s to be ready for service in their various Queensland locations within the next six months.But don’t expect these super cute robots to replace humans anytime soon.According to Domino’s the DRU still needs extensive testing, which the company believes could take up to two years.

And then there is also the issue of regulations.The public use of autonomous vehicles is still banned in most countries.But Don Meij, the CEO and Managing Director of Domino's Pizza Australia New Zealand Ltd, is not worried.He is “confident that one day DRU will become an integral part of the Domino's family.”

1.What's the function of LIDAR?

A. keeping DRU free of obstacles

B. Recharging DRU’s battery

C. Helping DRU find its destination

D. Protecting DRU from bad weather

2.What does the underlined word “accommodate” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Heat B. Hold

C. Sell D. Show.

3.Why does the company provide codes for its customers?

A. To fit up more pizzas

B. To prevent the pizza being taken by mistake

C. To keep the pizza warm

D. To get the pizza paid in time

4.What can we infer about the future of DRU?

A. It may need some improvements B. It will replace humans soon.

C. It may be banned in Australia D. It will soon be applied worldwide

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