Have you heard about Leap year? Leap year is a year that has 366 days instead of the usual 365. It normally occurs every four years, always on an even-numbered year. The extra day is added to our shortest month. That is the second month of the year, which in non-leap years has 28 days, two fewer than any other month. 1.
We also call Leap year the bissextile year (闰年). 2. In our calendar system there is a need for a leap year because the solar year (the time it takes the earth to go around the sun once）is actually slightly more than 365 days long. That extra day—Feb 29 every four years—helps correct the difference between our calendar and the solar calendar.
It is said that Leap year was first made part of the calendar by the ancient Roman leader Julius Caesar. His astronomers had calculated the length of the solar year to be 365 days and six hours. So Caesar declared that an extra day be added to the calendar.3.
However, Caesar’s adjustment was not completely accurate because his astronomers’ year exceeded the true solar year by eleven minutes and fourteen seconds. By 1582, a difference of ten days had developed between the calendar year and the true solar year. To correct this error, Pope Gregory XIII ruled that every fourth year would continue to be a leap year except for century years that could not be divided evenly by 400. By this system, century years such as 1700, 1800, and 1900 were not leap years, but the year 2000 was a leap year. 4.
People born on Feb 29 celebrate their growing up a little differently from the rest of us.
5. But if they go strictly by the calendar, they have only one-fourth as many birthday celebrations as most people.
A. They acknowledge that they get older each year.
B. When you see Feb 29 on a calendar, you know that year is a leap year.
C. This is its formal, or scientific title.
D. This may seem complicated, but it works.
E. This is done every four years.
F. The leap year was introduced in the Julian calendar in 46 BC.
G. In a leap year, the extra day is added to the second month, giving it 29 instead of the usual 28 days.
Because I was born in Canada, I didn’t like Chinese, the mother tongue of my __. When I was four, my dad and mum flashed cards with Chinese characters at my___, but I pushed them aside. My mum promised I would learn when I was __ . But the __ didn’t come.
On a Chinese New Year’s Eve, my aunt spoke to me in Chinese, but all I could do was stare at her, __, scratching my __. “Still can’t speak Chinese?” She __ me, “You can’t even buy a fish in Chinatown.”
“Hey, this is Canada, not China. I’ll get some right now with or without Chinese.” I __ and turned to my mom for __.
“Remember to ask for fresh fish, Xin Xian Yu,” she said, handing over a $20 bill. I repeated the words, running downstairs into the streets of Chinatown.
I found the fish stand surrounded in a sea of customers. “I’d like to buy some fresh fish,” I __ to the fishman. But he ignored my English words and turned to __the next customer. The ___of the people behind __ with their impatience. With every second , the breath of the dragons on my back grew stronger---my blood __ --- forcing me to cry out, “Xian Sheng Yu，please.” “Very Xian Sheng,” I repeated. The crowd erupted into laughter. My face turned red and I ran back home empty-handed, except for the $20 bill I held __ in my pocket.
Should I laugh or cry? They’re Chinese. I’m Chinese. I should feel right at __. __, I was the __ , a disgrace（丢脸）to the language.
Sometimes, I laugh at my __ incident , but, in the end, the joke is on me . Every laugh is a __ lost ; every laugh is my heritage fading away.
1.A. inventors B. ancestors C. contributors D. tutors
2.A. hand B. ears C. arms D. face
3.A. ready B. happy C. forced D. taught
4.A. attempt B. time C. year D. success
5.A. awkward B. embarrassed C. surprised D. confused
6.A. uncle B. itch C. head D. fish
7.A. complained to B. laughed at C. whispered to D. smiled at
8.A. replied B. cried C. murmured D. shouted
9.A. admission B. permission C. graduation D. decision
10.A. shouted B. screamed C. whistled D. sobbed
11.A. meet B. amuse C. ignore D. serve
12.A. blame B. anger C. laugh D. pity
13.A. escaped B. disappeared C. decreased D. increased
14.A. boiling B. bleeding C. flying D. cooling
15.A. softly B. loosely C. tightly D. gently
16.A. service B. risk C. root D. home
17.A. Instead B. Thus C. Hence D. Furthermore
18.A. mistake B. topic C. opera D. joke
19.A. fish B. dragon C. ancestor D. blood
20.A. attitude B. culture C. politeness D. time
I learned my first lesson at a meeting. As we sat around the table I heard Meg, who was ______ a recent operation, talking to Judith, the manager of our project. “Thank you so much for ______ my daughters to their dance lessons last week.” “Don’t mention it,” Judith says, “It was nothing.”
Knowing how ______ Judith’s schedule is, with her work, kids and aging parents, I found her driving Meg’s children to lessons unbelievably ______. I was about to say more about this when Donna, another colleague, entered the room ______. She apologized for being late, saying she just hosted a lunch for her friends who are over seventy. “That is so nice of you,” I say,______ how busy she was, how she didn’t like to cook and clean. “Oh,” she said, waving her hand, “It was nothing.”______, I could still tell the ______ in her voice. She did gain a sense of satisfaction from the entertainment offered to her friends.
Seeing their ______ to help others selflessly, I started thinking about the concept of “nothing”, this peaceful and generous way of living--- had it really been nothing or were they simply saying that? It ______ to me that once I spent a whole afternoon after work helping a friend ______ a speech. I ______ her to rearrange the sequence of the stories in the lecture to make it sound more ______. After the fifth try, she finally ______ it. She hugged me with ______, saying thanks to me. I smiled and said it was nothing.
Suddenly, I realized that helping someone was really something to me. I learned that giving from the heart doesn’t ______ mean sacrifice and hard work. The ______ is finding something we love to do and finding someone who ______ that something. Our generosity pan benefit others ______ ourselves. Once you have a good ______ of it, it’s nothing. And it’s really something.
1.A. adapting to B. recovering from C. going through D. taking up
2.A. guiding B. fetching C. driving D. dragging
3.A. tight B. common C. strange D. practical
4.A. ridiculous B. cautious C. tiresome D. generous
5.A. disappointedly B. hurriedly C. angrily D. unexpectedly
6.A. ignoring B. forgetting C. knowing D. predicting
7.A. Somehow B. Therefore C. Otherwise D. Moreover
8.A. regret B. sadness C. surprise D. pleasure
9.A. willingness B. ambition C. promise D. progress
10.A. referred B. occurred C. appeared D. seemed
11.A. put up B. give away C. prepare for D. deal with
12.A. begged B. invited C. recommended D. sponsored
13.A. sensible B. confusing C. subjective D. typical
14.A. got B. meant C. caught D. made
15.A. gratitude B. worry C. concern D. apology
16.A. normally B. accidentally C. possibly D. necessarily
17.A. treat B. trick C. plot D. plan
18.A. needs B. admires C. loves D. defends
19.A. on account of B. as well as C. except for D. regardless of
20.A. order B. glimpse C. command D. impression
Facebook CEO Zuckerberg just had a baby girl named Max, and to honor the occasion, he’s giving away the majority of his wealth. In the letter1.(write) by Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, to2.(they) new baby girl, he announced the birth of his first child and the3.(create) of the Chan Zuckerberg Fund,4.will focus on curing disease, connecting people and5.(build) strong communities.
“For your generation to live in6.better world, there is so much more our generation can do,” Zuckerberg wrote. “Today your mother and I are committing to spend our lives doing our small part to help solve these challenges.” The couple7.(donate) nearly all of their Facebook stock to the cause. “We will give 99% of our Facebook shares-currently about $45 billion-to advance this8.(value) mission,” he wrote. “We know this is a small contribution compared9.all the resources and talents already working on these issues. But we want to do10.we can, working along with many others.”
注意：1. 词数：100左右；2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
We are glad to inform you that________________________________________________________
We are glad to inform you that_____________________________________________________________
We’ve organized the following information to help you prepare for your arrival at Boston College. Please feel free to contact our Admissions Office at any time over the coming months with any questions.
Your First Steps…
Please return the Acknowledgment Form sent with your acceptance letter to Dean Robert Howe, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, McGuinn Hall 221,140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467.
■For Ph. D. Acceptances and Master’s Acceptances with funding, we ask you to reply by April 25, 2008.
■For Master’s Acceptances without funding and Non-degree Acceptances, we ask you to reply by May 31, 2008.
■You should also contact your department to receive any department information.
Over the Coming Months…
Get informed about services around campus. We have provided links for you to the following offices.
After you return your Acknowledgment Form, you should receive a letter containing your BC Username and Eagle ID number. With this information you can reach email and Agora. In Agora, BC’s online community, you can update your student information, check your student account, and register for classes.
The Office of Student Services issues (发行) your BC Eagle One Card. This ID card acts as your campus library card and meal card.
Student Services’ website offers a complete listing of courses for the school year, as well as student forms and other important student information. The Office of Student Services also handles billing.
CLICK HERE for more information.
If we can be of any more help to you, just contact us. Congratulations again! We look forward to you joining our University!
1.The above page can most probably be read _________.
A. on the Boston College website B. in the Boston College newspaper
C. on BC Eagle One Card D. at Student Services
2.The information above is particularly useful for those ________.
A. who want to apply for Boston College
B. who want to know about Boston College
C. who’ve been admitted to Boston College
D. who’ve decided to pay a visit to Boston College
3.If you want to study for your master’s degree with funding, you will have to _______.
A. return your Acknowledgment Form by May 31, 2008
B. send back your Acknowledgment Form by April 25, 2008
C. email your Acknowledgment Form to Admissions Office by May 31, 2008
D. return your Acknowledgment Form to Student Services by April 25, 2008
Many editors have a rule that they will not even read stories that are not formatted and presented as requested in their Submission（投稿）Guidelines.Even if this policy is not stated,it affects their decision-making.There are a few reasonable reasons.
A good editor likes to read all stories for the first time in the same format（格式）as the publication standard.A consistent format between manuscripts（手稿）removes distractions like unusual presentation and puts each manuscript on the same starting level,with the focus on content.
Leading publications get thousands of submissions a year.Editor time is extremely valuable.Most editors enjoy finding gems among the manuscripts,but they really dislike reformatting(don't you prefer eating an elegant meal to washing dishes?).When an editor sees he will have to spend an extra half hour of precious time in reformatting,he subconsciously marks that submission down compared to other submissions of equal quality.
Publications need to have consistency in formatting for all their published stories: letterform,type size,spacing, paragraph structure etc.This keeps the reader’s focus on the words and not their structure.Since editors don't have a choice to just accept a weirdly（古怪的）formatted story as it is,they are forced to either reformat or decline the submission.
Publications use different software and other tools in their operations.Editors know what makes their system go smoothly.Many invisible software formatting structures between types of documents create disasters.
Editors are not pedantic（迂腐的）.Their job is to find great material and expose those works to appreciative readers.Differently formatted manuscripts steal time away from that responsibility,which is bad for everyone.Editors love nothing more than finishing a read and thinking “Wow.A great story-AND it's cut and paste!"
1.What does the underlined word "gems" refer to in the third paragraph?
A. Precious Jewels. B. Creative formats.
C. Great stories. D. Amazing characters.
2.What kind of manuscript is most likely to be refused?
A. One with no special structures.
B. One with a general letterform.
C. One with attractive plots.
D. One with a weird format.
3.What does the passage mainly talk about?
A. How the editors usually work.
B. Why publications need consistent format.
C. Why the manuscript's format can influence the editor's decision.
D. The ways on how to format manuscripts.
A woman in her sixties lived alone in her little cottage with a pear tree at her door. She spent all her time taking care of the tree. But the children nearby drove her ______ by making fun of her. They would climb her tree and then run away with pears, ______ “Aunty Misery” at her.
One evening, a passer-by asked to ______ for the night. Seeing that he had an ______ face, she let him in and gave him a nice ______. The next morning the stranger, actually a sorcerer (巫师), thanked her by granting (允准) her ______ that anyone who climbed up her tree ______ not be able to come back down until she ______ it.
When the children came back to steal her ______, she had them stuck on the tree. They had to beg her long ______ she gave the tree permission to let ______ go. Aunty Misery was free from the ______ at last.
One day another man ______ her door. This one did not look trustworthy to her, ______ she asked who he was. “I am Death. I’ve come to take you ______ me,” said he.
Thinking fast Aunty Misery said, “Fine, but I’d like to ______ some pears from my pear tree to remember the ______ it brought to me in this life. But I am too ______ to climb high to get the best fruit. Will you be so ______ as to do it for me?” With a deep sigh, Mr. Death climbed up the tree ______ and was immediately stuck to it. No matter how much he warned or begged, Aunty Misery would not allow the tree to let Death go.
1.A. hopeless B. painful C. dull D. crazy
2.A. calling B. shouting C. announcing D. whispering
3.A. stay B. live C. hide D. lie
4.A. interesting B. honest C. anxious D. angry
5.A. gift B. kiss C. treat D. smile
6.A. suggestion B. advice C. permission D. wish
7.A. could B. should C. might D. must
8.A. permitted B. promised C. answered D. declared
9.A. branch B. food C. tree D. fruit
10.A. after B. while C. since D. before
11.A. it B. them C. him D. her
12.A. trick B. question C. trouble D. difficulty
13.A. stepped into B. left for C. stopped at D. walked around
14.A. so B. but C. although D. because
15.A. with B. off C. upon D. for
16.A. choose B. pick C. shake D. hit
17.A. honor B. pleasure C. hope D. excitement
18.A. thin B. short C. old D. light
19.A. light B. kind C. fine D. smart
20.A. disappointedly B. cheerfully C. unwillingly D. eagerly