Drowning (溺水) is among the 10 leading causes of death of children and young people in every region of the world, with children aged under 5 years especially at risk and males twice as likely to drown as females.

Tragedies are happening over and over again. To prevent them from growing further, we need to keep some safety tips in mind. Remember, you can drown in the sea just as easily as a swimming pool.

● Supervise when in or around Water.

Ask a responsible adult to watch young children while in the bath and all children swimming or playing in or around water. Because drowning occurs quickly and quietly, adults should not be involved in any other distracting activity (such as reading, playing cards, or talking on the phone) while watching children, even if lifeguards are present.

● Drowning ≠ Crying for help.

Drowning is often not as dramatic as what we see in movies. When someone is drowning, especially if it is a child, they may not be able to shout out. A lot of times when kids drown, they look like they are just absentminded — but they are actually going unconscious. At this point, they should be immediately carried out of the water.

● Life jackets can reduce risk.

Don’t use air-filled or foam toys, such as “water wings”, “noodles”, or inner-tubes, instead of life jackets. These toys are not life jackets and are not designed to keep swimmers safe.

● Don’t try to save drowning friends.

Yes, what we are telling you is this is not when you should show your unconditional love to your drowning friends and family members. It is very likely that by saving them, you can get yourself into danger, and might end up becoming a drowning victim yourself.

Saving someone drowning hand-in-hand with a few others can be even more dangerous. The “human chain” you form can easily break if one of you experiences any kind of tiredness, and one person can drag down the whole team.

● Know who can save a life.

Now, knowing that you cannot really save a life, who should you ask for help? Lifeguards. They are usually well-trained and are equipped with many tested life-saving methods. Therefore, if you think you see someone drowning, alert a lifeguard at once, even if you’re not sure what drowning looks like or think you might be wrong.

1.What is true about drowning?

A.People will shout out when they drown.

B.Men are less likely to drown than women.

C.Drowning can happen in a swimming pool as well as the sea.

D.Drowning is the 10th leading cause of death around the world.

2.What should you do when you see someone drowning?

A.Turn to a lifeguard for help. B.Make sure he is really drowning.

C.Show your unconditional love to him. D.Get him out of water with a “human chain”.

3.What should you do if your young child is in a swimming pool?

A.Talk with others. B.Keep an eye on the child all the time.

C.Ask one of the child’s peers to watch the child. D.Use air-filled toys as life jackets for the child.

4.The underlined word “victim” in paragraph 6 refers to ________.

A.a person who is dangerous B.a tool which is helpful

C.a person who is hurt or killed D.a tool which can be used to save people

5.What is the passage mainly about?

A.How to avoid drowning in sea. B.How to avoid drowning in water.

C.How to keep children off drowning. D.How to save a life when drowning happens.

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