If you ever visit an English village, make sure to look out for morris dancing. Undoubtedly one of the strangest traditions of English culture, morris dancing is a form of folk dancing that dates back to the 15th century. If you ever get the opportunely, you really have to see it.

Men and women wearing old-fashioned, shabby clothing dance in the streets of towns and villages across the country during the holiday periods. Women wear long, frilly(有褶皱边的) skirts and men wear short trousers with bells attached to them. They dance to traditional folk music which is often played on traditional musical instruments.

Some groups carry heavy black sticks which they beat against each other while they dance. Other groups wave handkerchiefs in the air while they perform. The dances are usually performed near a pub so that when it’s over, the dancers and audience can sing some traditional folk songs over a pint of beer. The celebrations will often continue long into the night, by which point most people are too drunk to think about performing again.

Morris dancing is a great English tradition but it’s facing a big crisis. As the years go by, fewer and fewer young people are joining morris dancing groups. The dancers are getting older and older and eventually, if nothing is done to change this trends, the tradition will die out within the next few decades.

If you’ve ever had the fortune to see morris dancing, you may understand why teenagers aren’t rushing to sign up. Putting it to the point, it’s not exactly the coolest thing for an 18-year-old to be doing. Why dress up in bells and funny costumes when you could be going clubbing? Or playing sport? Or doing anything else?

However, it would be a great shame to lose such a fun and lively part of England’s history and culture. It’s important to look after some traditions and customs especially when it’s something as harmless and happy as morris dancing. So here’s a toast to the next generation of would-be morris dancers! Let’s hope they don’t leave it too late.

1.What is the passage mainly about?

A. The origins of morris dancing

B. The popularity of morris dancing

C. The protection of morris dancing

D. The introduction of morris dancing

2.What to we know about morris dancers?

A. They dance in pubs late into the night

B. They sing folk music while they dance

C. They wear long dresses with bells attached

D. They perform with sticks or handkerchiefs

3.What is the present situation of morris dancing?

A. It is losing appeal among young people

B. It is keeping pace with people’s demand

C. It is witnessing great changes in history

D. It is being criticized by modern people

4.What does the author think about morris dancing?

A. It help stay healthy

B. It is fun for teenagers

C. It deserves mole attention

D. It is too old-fashioned

Dogs Don’t Tell Jokes-By Louis Sachar

Twelve-year-old Gary Boone knows he was born to be a comedian. He never stops joking, regardless of the fact that nobody laughs much and his classmates think he is stupid. Therefore he had no real friends at school. Due to being laughed at by his classmates, Gary Boone thought winning the school talent show would be his dream of proving himself to be a real comedian, but on the big night his dream went wrong with funny results.

Winners Never Quit-By Mia Hamm

Mia Hamm, American soccer champion, tells a true-to-life inspiring story of learning that winning and losing aren't as important as being part of a team. More than anyone, soccer superstar Mia Hamm knows the value of teamwork. She shares this lesson, paired with energetic pictures by Carol Thompson, and this story is perfect for soccer kids and their soccer moms.

Shackleton’s Incredible Voyage-By Alfred Lansing

The astonishing adventure of polar explorer Ernest Shackleton's survival for over a year on the ice-bound Antarctic seas, as Time t magazine put it, "defined heroism". To write the authoritative story, Lansing consulted with ten of the surviving members and gained access to diaries and personal accounts by eight others. The book has a first-hand account, expanded with maps and illustrations especially for this edition.

The Alchemist-By Paulo Coelho

The Alchemist, by Paulo Coelho, continues to change the lives of its readers forever. It tells the magical story of Santiago, an Andulusian shepherd-boy(牧童) who desires to travel in search of treasure. The story of the treasures Santiago finds along the way teaches us about the essential wisdom of listening to our hearts and above all, following our dreams.

1.From Shackleton’s Incredible Voyage, we know the main character .

A. is a writer for Time magazine

B. is a survival of one polar exploration

C. has left a lot of diaries and accounts

D. has formed a close friendship with Alfred Lansing

2.If you want to know more about teamwork, you can read .

A. Dogs Don't Tell Jokes B. Shackleton’s Incredible Voyage

C. Winners Never Quit D. The Alchemist

3.What do we know about The Alchemist?

A. It has an everlasting influence on its readers

B. It gives people magical power over their dreams

C. It tells a story of how to find treasures

D. It is mainly about the wisdom of listening to others

Our library offers different types of studying places and provides a good studying environment.

Zones

The library is divided into different zones. The upper floor is a quiet zone with over a thousand places for silent reading, and places where you can sit and work with your own computer. The reading places consist mostly of tables and chairs. The ground floor is the zone where you can talk. Here you can find sofas and armchairs for group work.

Computers

You can use your own computer to connect to the wi-fi specially prepared for notebook computers; your can also use library computers, which contain the most commonly used applications, such as Microsoft Office. They are situated in the area known as the Experimental Field on the ground floor.

Group-study places

If you want to discuss freely without disturbing others, you can book a study room or sit at a table on the ground floor. Some study rooms are for 2-3 people and others can hold up to 6-8 people. All rooms are marked on the library maps.

There are 40 group-study rooms that must be booked via the website. To book, you need an active University account and a valid University card. You can use a room three hours per day, nine hours at most per week.

Storage of Study Material

The library has lockers for students to store course literature. When you have obtained at least 40 credits(学分), you may rent a locker and pay 400 SEK for a year’s rental period.

Rules to be Followed

Mobile phone conversations are not permitted anywhere in the library. Keep your phone on silent as if you were in a lecture and exit the library if you need to receive calls.

Please note that food and fruit are forbidden in the library, but you are allowed to have drinks and sweets with you.

1.The library’s upper floor is mainly for students to .

A. read in a quiet place B. have group discussions

C. take comfortable seats D. get their computers fixed

2.Library computers on the ground floor .

A. help students with their field experiments

B. contain software necessary for schoolwork

C. are for those who want to access the wi-fi

D. are mostly used for filling out application forms

3.What condition should be met to book a group-study room?

A. A group must consist of 8 people

B. Three-hour use per day is the minimum

C. One should first register at the university

D. Applicants must mark the room on the map

4.A student can rent a locker in the library if he .

A. can afford the rental fee B. attends certain courses

C. has nowhere to put his books D. has earned the required credits

In 2012, I had just recovered from a serious illness when I received an invitation to a writer’s conference in Orlando, Florida. My family persuaded me that a(n)______might be just what the doctor ordered, so off I______.

Arriving in the Sunshine State was rather tiring, but I______to catch a taxi to my______and settle in. The next morning, I took another______to the shopping centre to buy a few souvenirs.______I went to a cafe to have lunch, but all the tables were______. Then I heard a friendly voice saying, "You can______my table."

I gratefully sat down with the______lady and we had a happy lunch together. As the______drew to a close she asked how long I would be in Orlando. I had already told her that I hadn't______a car, and hadn't realized how______taking taxis would he. After a while she said, "My dear, don't use any more taxis. I'm retired and it would be my pleasure to______you wherever you wish." I told her that I couldn't put her to that______,but she brushed aside my protests(反对). She asked me where I was______and the next morning she was waiting at my apartment at the______time to take me to Disney World. She spent some time with me before leaving me to______alone. At the end of the day, she______to take me back to my accommodation. I______her money but she refused to take any.

I'll never forget that wonderful lady who, through her______, filled my brief holiday in Florida with wonderful memories.

1.A. holiday B. ceremony C. operation D. experiment

2.A. kept B. went C. dropped D. knocked

3.A. intended B. promised C. managed D. deserved

4.A. hospital B. company C. university D. accommodation

5.A. colleague B. passenger C. suitcase D. taxi

6.A. Instead B. First C. Later D. Once

7.A. classified B. occupied C. decorated D. painted

8.A. share B. reserve C. set D. possess

9.A. old B. poor C. innocent D. stubborn

10.A. journey B. meal C. speech D. interview

11.A. donated B. repaired C. hired D. guided

12.A. convenient B. worthwhile C. unfortunate D. expensive

13.A. inspire B. entertain C. call D. drive

14.A. business B. argument C. trouble D. challenge

15.A. working B. staying C. moving D. shopping

16.A. appointed B. limited C. favourite D. regular

17.A. digest B. explore C. perform D. calculate

18.A. forgot B. refused C. returned D. preferred

19.A. sent B. lent C. offered D. owed

20.A. confidence B. dignity C. curiosity D. kindness

“It’s never too late and you are never too old to start something new!” says Englishtown______Ellen Rema. Ellen began to learn English at the age of 50, and in just a few years, she had made______progress!

Ellen chose to study at Englishtown because no evening classes were______in the German countryside where she lives. At Englishtown, she joins______classes online and speaks with live native English-speaking teachers.

In 2001, Ellen began with the first level of Englishtown and quickly______. “I spent hours and hours studying.” she said. “Maybe I wanted too much in a short time. I finished all my______after 2 years and studying English isn’t all about hard work. It should also be______! I really like the online conversation classrooms, in which I can learn so much about other cultures and traditions. I am open for all______.” Ellen has been able to______her English to use by visiting England five times! “I'm very thankful to Englishtown because most of the English I know was learned here,” Ellen says. “My life has______with Englishtown.”

1.A. professor B. friend C. student D. reporter

2.A. amazing B. challenging C. discouraging D. disturbing

3.A. satisfied B. offered C. attended D. represented

4.A. conversation B. composition C. listening D. reading

5.A. dropped B. brushed C. awarded D. progressed

6.A. channels B. schedules C. courses D. papers

7.A. fun B. waste C. weakness D. wonder

8.A. measures B. topics C. timetables D. fashions

9.A. take B. set C. make D. put

10.A. ruined B. started C. changed D. turned

假定你是李华,你的加拿大网友Peter成立一个网上“读书俱乐部”,邀请世界各地中学生参加。假定你对读书特感兴趣,希望加入该俱乐部,请用英文写一封自荐信。要点如下:

1.你对此事情的看法,并表达积极参加的愿望;

2.陈述自己的有利条件,如痴迷于读书,中英文阅读和写作能力强等;

3.若成为会员,会给其他会员提供更多帮助并使自己读更多的书。

注意:1.不要逐词逐句地翻译;

2.为使语句连贯,可以适当增加细节;

3.词数100左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总数。

Dear Peter,

I’m Li Hua. I’d like to join your “Reading Club” on the Internet. ……

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Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

Winter begins in the north on December 22nd. People and animals have been doing what they always do to prepare for the colder months. Squirrels (松鼠), for example, have been busy gathering nuts from trees. Well, scientists have been busy gathering information about what the squirrels do with the food they collect.

They examined differences between red squirrels and gray squirrels in the American state of Indiana. The scientists wanted to know how these differences could affect the growth of black walnut (黑胡桃) trees. The black walnut is the nut of choice for both kinds of squirrels. The black walnut tree is also a central part of some hardwood forests.

Rob Swihart of Purdue University did the study with Jake Goheen, a former Purdue student now at the University of New Mexico. The two researchers estimate that several times as many walnuts grow when gathered by gray squirrels as compared to red squirrels. Gray squirrels and red squirrels do not store nuts and seeds in the same way. Gray squirrels bury nuts one at a time in a number of places. But they seldom remember where they buried every nut. So some nuts remain in the ground. Conditions are right for them to develop and grow the following spring. Red squirrels, however, store large groups of nuts above ground. Professor Swihart calls “death traps for seeds”.

Gray squirrels are native to Indiana. But Professor Swihart says their numbers began to decrease as more forests were cut for agriculture. Red squirrels began to spread through the state during the past century.

The researchers say red squirrels are native to forests that stay green all year, unlike walnut trees. They say the cleaning of forest land for agriculture has helped red squirrels invade Indiana. Jake Goheen calls them a sign of an environmental problem more than a cause.

1.The study done by Rob Swihart and Jake Goheen is to ________.

A. find out the living conditions for squirrels

B. learn squirrels’ influence on black walnut trees

C. do something to get rid of squirrels

D. save the forests in the American state of Indiana

2.The difference between gray squirrels and red squirrels mainly lies in ________.

A. the way they gather the walnut

B. the time they have winter sleep

C. the place they have winter sleep

D. the place they store the walnuts

3.When Professor Swihart says “death traps for seeds”, he actually means that ________.

A. red squirrels eat more nuts than gray squirrels

B. gray squirrels and red squirrels will have severe fights

C. nuts above the ground will not develop into plants

D. seeds can be traps for other animals in the forest

4.According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A. The black walnut is equally attractive to both gray and red squirrels.

B. Gray squirrels do more harm to the forest than red squirrels.

C. Red squirrels and gray squirrels have helped the spread of walnut trees.

D. The cleaning of forest land benefits red squirrels directly.

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