Understanding Disabilities

There are around 650 million people in the world that have disabilities,yet most people are still quite ignorant about it.

(1)What do you think of when you see the word, ‘disability’?

Wheelchairs? White sticks? The Paralympics? 1. The legal definition of disability is that someone has a physical or mental impairment that has a great and long?term bad effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day?to?day activities.

This affects about 650 million of us, worldwide. 2. Most become disabled during the course of their life. So maybe the term TAB (Temporarily Able?Bodied) is better for people who are not disabled,because we may not stay that way forever.


Imagine not being able to see,or not being able to walk. Think of all the things that would be different. How can I get my education? What about my future? Would my friends still want to hang out with me? Will strangers laugh at me in the street? Can I get my own place? What job can I do?

Clearly,having a disability can affect many things in a person's life.

(3)Disability and the law

4. It is illegal and extremely unpleasant to discriminate (歧视) against someone who is differently abled. The label ‘disabled’ is not always helpful. Even if someone meets the legal definition,they may not see themselves that way. Instead of thinking about what is wrong with those people,or noticing what they can't do,we should look at how we like to live,and try to make it possible for everyone to join in.

After all—what is normal?5. But better understanding would be a start.

A. How can the disabled find better jobs?

B. How does disability affect people?

C. People with disabilities don't need pity.

D. Most of us have never really thought about it.

E. We should consider more for people with disabilities.

F. Only 17% of people with a disability are born with it.

G.There are laws to prevent people with disabilities being treated unfairly.


When Joe was about to start school, all signs pointed to success. Yet things turned out 1.(be) quite disappointing. The fourth grade even found him at the bottom of the class. Joe struggled day and night, but 2. made him upset was that it did not work—until one stormy afternoon.

On that afternoon, as the math teacher started to introduce difficult concepts, dark clouds covered the sky, and the storm set in. 3. she tried to make the kids concentrate, the thunder won the battle for their attention. No one grasped the concepts. Except for Joe. He understood them and answered all the questions correctly. The teacher patted him on the back and told him to go around to the others and explain how he 4.(manage) it. 5. (encourage) by his newfound success, Joe moved quickly throughout the room. Soon math time 6. (follow) by the time for art. All children 7. (natural) drew dark pictures on such a day. Except for Joe.

Since then, Joe started improving. Though he never made 8. to the top, his math teacher was always curious about the 9. (amaze) change: Why had that stormy day changed Joe?

On the day Joe graduated, he presented the teacher with his most familiar 10.(possess)— the picture of bright yellow sun. On the picture Joe had written: This is the day I woke up to my brightness.

Jane Eyre

Jane Eyre, a novel written by Charlotte Bronte, was published in 1847 in England. It is Charlotte Bronte’s most famous book. Jane Eyre is a love story. It tells about a young and independent woman called Jane Eyre, who is brave enough to pursue her own love.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Uncle Tom’s Cabin is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel “helped lay the base for the Civil War”, according to Will Kaufman. When Abraham Lincoln met Stowe at the start of the Civil War, Lincoln declared, “So it is the little lady who started this great war.” The character of Uncle Tom in the novel is a longsuffering black slave. The sad novel exposes the reality of slavery.

Gone with the Wind

Gone with the Wind is a novel by Margaret Mitchell in 1936. It tells the story of Scarlett O’Hara, and her adventures in the American South during the Civil War. She falls in love with Rhett Butler, a city gentleman. It is one of the most famous books of its time, and was made into a movie with the same name. The title took its name from the lines an Ernest Dowson poem: “I have forgotten much, Cynara! Gone with the wind.” (This line also appears in the book.) The book won the Pulitzer Prize on May 3,1937.

Rich Dad Poor Dad

Rich Dad Poor Dad is a book by Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter. In the story, Robert’s own father was the superintendent (厅长) of education in Hawaii and end up dying penniless. His best friend’s father dropped out of school at age 13 and went on to become one of the wealthiest men in Hawaii. It advocates financial independence through investing, real estate (地产), owning businesses, and the use of finance protection tactics.

1.Whose book had a great impact on the Civil War in the U.S.?

A. Charlotte Bronte’s.

B. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s.

C. Margaret Mitchell’s.

D. Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter’s.

2.Where was the name of the book Gone with the Wind taken from?

A. An adventurous story. B. The Civil War.

C. A poem. D. The Pulitzer Prize.

3.Who will be interested in the book Rich Dad Poor Dad?

A. A woman who is eager for free love.

B. A historian who studies the history of the U.S.A.

C. A businessman who wants to be wealthy.

D. A politician who warns to enter politics.

My father was always a good gardener. One of my earliest memories is standing without shoes in the freshly tilled (翻耕的) soil, my hands blackened from digging in the ground.

As a child, I loved following Dad around in the garden. I remember Dad pushing the tiller (耕作机) ahead in perfectly straight lines. Dad loved growing all sorts of things: yellow and green onions,watermelons almost as big as me, rows of yellow com, and our favorite—red tomatoes.

As I grew into a teenager, I didn’t get so excited about gardening with Dad. Instead of magical land of possibility, it had turned into some kind of prison. As Dad grew older, his love for gardening never disappeared. After all the kids were grown and had started families of their own, Dad turned to gardening like never before. Even when he was diagnosed with cancer, he still took care of his garden.

But then, the cancer, bit by bit, invaded his body. I had to do the things he used to do. What really convinced me that Dad was dying was the state of his garden that year. The rows and rows of multicolored vegetables were gone. Too tired to weed them, he simply let them be.

For the first few years after he died, I couldn’t even bear to look at anyone’s garden without having strong memories pour over me like cold water from a bucket. Three years ago, I decided to plant my own garden and started out with just a few tomatoes. That morning, after breaking up a fair amount of soil, something caught the comer of my eye and I had to smile. It was my eight-year-old son Nathan, happily playing in the freshly tilled soil.

1.Why did the author like the garden when he was a child?

A. He wanted to be a garden-crazy like his father.

B. He loved being in the garden with his father.

C. The garden was full of his favorite food.

D. The garden was just freshly tilled.

2.When all the kids started their own families,the author’s father .

A. stopped his gardening

B. turned to other hobbies

C. devoted more to gardening

D. focused on planting tomatoes

3.What happened to the garden when the author’s father was seriously ill?

A. There was a great harvest.

B. The garden was almost deserted.

C. No plant grew in the garden at all.

D. The author’s son took charge of the garden.

4.Why did the author start his garden with tomatoes?

A. He wanted to honor his father.

B. His son liked the fields of tomatoes.

C. He only knew how to grow tomatoes.

D. He thought tomatoes were easy to manage.

There are two ways of driving in the world: if the driver’s seat is on the left and cars travel on the right side of the road, it is called “left-hand driving”, as it is in China, while the other way of driving is called “right-hand driving”, as it is in Britain. Nowadays, around 65% of the world’s population drives on the right of the road, while the rest is used to driving on the left.

Though no one knows the exact reasons, it seems likely that people in ancient times travelled on the left. Roman coins show pictures of horsemen passing on each other’s right. And right-hand people generally got on a horse from the animal’s left. Obviously, it’s safer to do this at the left side of the road, and it makes sense for the horse to be ridden on the left.

A change happened in the late 1700s. When Napoleon conquered nations, he forced them to travel on the right side of the road, which spread left-hand driving throughout Europe. However, Britain still stuck with the right-hand driving rule and countries which were part of the British Empire (帝国) were made to follow. This is why India, Australia and the former British colonies (殖民地) in Africa continue to drive on the left. One exception is Egypt, as that country was defeated by Napoleon before becoming part of the British Empire.

Some countries changed sides’ until modem times. Sweden only moved to driving on the right in 1967 and Iceland changed the following year. Ghana changed sides in 1974. On September 7,2009, Samoa became the third country ever to change from left-to-right-hand driving for the reason that it made it easier to import (进口) cheap cars from right-hand driving Japan, Australia and New Zealand.

So if you want to travel to another country or go on business, make sure you know whether it is left-or right- hand driving to avoid unnecessary troubles.

1.Which picture shows the correct driving in Britain?

A. B.

C. D.

2.In ancient times, Romans .

A. travelled on the right

B. rode past each other’s right

C. got on the horses from the right

D. behaved as they liked

3.In modem times, countries follow the same driving way except .

A. Egypt. B. China

C. Sweden D. Australia

4.What is the writer’s purpose for writing this passage?

A. To introduce the development of the two ways of driving.

B. To compare the differences of the two ways of driving.

C. To explain the advantages of the two ways of driving.

D. To complain about the change of the two ways of driving.

The extraordinary Eastgate Building in Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital city, is said to be the only one in the world to use the same cooling and heating principles as the termite mound (白蚁堆).

Architect Mick Pearce used precisely the same strategy when designing the Eastgate Building, which has no air conditioning and almost no heating. The building is the country’s largest commercial and shopping complex but uses less than 10% of the energy of a conventional building of its size. The Eastgate’s owners saved 3.5 million on a 36 million building because air conditioning didn’t have to be equipped.

The complex is actually two buildings linked by bridges across a shady, glassroofed atrium (天井) open to the air. Fans suck fresh air in from the atrium, blow it upstairs through hollow spaces under the floors and from there into each office through vents (通风口). As it rises and warms, it is drawn out via ceiling vents and finally exists through fortyeight brick chimneys.

During summer’s cool nights, big fans blow air through the building seven times an hour to cool the empty floors. By day, smaller fans blow two changes of air an hour through the building to circulate the air which has been in contact with the cool floors. For winter days, there are small heaters in the vents.

This is all possible only because Harare is 1,600 feet above sea level, and has cloudless skies, little dampness and rapid temperature swings-days as warm as 31 °C commonly drop to 14°C at night. “You couldn’t do this in New York, with its fantastically hot summers and fantastically cold winters,” Pearce said.

The engineering firm of Ove Arup & Partners monitors daily temperatures. It is found that the temperature of the building has generally stayed between 23 °C and 25 °C, with the exception of the annual hot period just before the summer rains in October and three days in November, when a doorkeeper accidentally switched off the fans at night. And the air is far fresher than in airconditioned buildings, where up to 30% of the air is recycled.

1.Why was Eastgate cheaper to be built than a conventional building?

A. It was designed in a smaller size.

B. No air conditioners were fixed in.

C. Its heating system was less advanced.

D. It used rather different building materials.

2.What does the underlined word “it” refer to in Paragraph 3?

A. Fresh air from outside.

B. Heat in the building.

C. A hollow space.

D. A baseboard vent.

3.Why would a building like Eastgate not work efficiently in New York?

A. New York has less clear skies as Harare.

B. Its dampness affects the circulation of air.

C. New York covers a larger area than Harare.

D. Its temperature changes seasonally rather than daily.

4.The data in the last paragraph suggests Eastgate’s temperature control system .

A. allows a wide range of temperatures

B. functions well for most of the year

C. can recycle up to 30% of the air

D. works better in hot seasons

Summer is the season to dive into new activities and relax. And right now is the time to make sure that you’re ready for the great outdoors, the holiday planning and travel, and the bathing suit beach days.

If you want to lose weight before summer, concentrate on dropping no more than a pound or two a week. 1.And when you trouble yourself, sooner or later you,re going to gain it back. Operate on a 500-calorie-a-day deficit (亏损). 2. So if you cut 500 calories a day for seven days straight, you’ll lose a pound a week right there.

Operating at a decrease of 500 calories a day should involve both eating less and moving more. For example, you could consume 300 fewer calories and bum 200 extra per day.

Include both healthy eating and exercise in your weight-loss plan, and break the 500-calorie goal into small groups to make it more reachable. 3.

To cut 100 calories: 4. Have vegetable pizza instead of pepperoni (意大利辣香肠). Use our Nutritional Needs Calculator to determine how many daily calories you should consume in order to lose, gain, or maintain your healthy goal weight. Once you’ve reached your goal, recalculate your nutritional needs for keeping extra weight off all summer long.

To burn 100 calories: spend 15 minutes biking. 5. Spend 20 minutes gardening. Keep on exercising at least 30 minutes daily a week. Reading food labels and counting calories or writing down what and when you eat can give you more control as well.

A. Here are some simple ways to get there.

B. Walk or run one mile.

C. A pound is 3,500 calories.

D. It is okay to have some snacks between your meals.

E. You should always make sure you get a lot of sleep.

F. Anything more than that usually means you’re troubling yourself.

G. Eat a chicken breast without the skin.

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