A new set of R's are here: Recycle, Reduce and Reuse. These three “Rs”,when used every day, can reduce the amount of waste going into landfills, reduce the litter polluting the land and water, conserve (节约) energy and save your money.

Recycling is one of the easiest ways to save energy, money and time while reducing the amount of garbage going into landfills.

Most communities have roadside pick?up service to recycle common household items like glass, steel, aluminum, newspaper and cardboard. By separating out the recyclable items from normal household trash, you can reduce the amount of trash entering a landfill by more than 75 percent.

Recycling one aluminum beverage can saves enough energy to run your television for three hours. Even better, local recyclers or scrap?metal dealers may pay money for your metal recyclables.

It is estimated that the 54 billion cans recycled last year in the US saved 15 million barrels of oil. That is equivalent (相等的) to the US oil consumption for one day. Recycling other household items offers similar savings in money and energy.

Composting food waste will reduce your trash load even more. A basic compost pile built with the help of instructions from numerous resources on the web can be constructed over a weekend, using materials easily obtained from local hardware or home improvement stores. In addition to reducing your waste, this all?natural recycling provides safe, clean and organic fertilizer for your garden, eliminating the need to buy chemical?derived products.

Finally, recycling other household items like computers, televisions and monitors and household chemicals like pesticides (农药) and paints will remove dangerous chemicals like mercury (水银) and lead from the landfills.

If your community doesn't offer recycling programs, contact your local government to get one established.

1.What's NOT true about recycling in the eyes of the author?

A. It's energy?efficient.

B. It's money?saving.

C. It's time?consuming.

D. It's environmentally?friendly.

2.Recycling________aluminum beverage cans save enough energy to keep your TV on for half a day.

A. three B. four

C. five D. six

3.What's the possible meaning of the underlined word “composting” in the sixth paragraph?

A. Turning waste into fertilizer.

B. Throwing waste into dustbin.

C. Making waste clean and useful.

D. Finding new land to put the rubbish in.

4.The passage tells us the way of living a ________life.

A. happy B. rich

C. green D. economical

If a noisy neighbor is blasting music at all hours of the day and night, drowning out your phone conversations and interrupting your sleep, you can call the police. But what is a whale to do?

Natural noise from waves, wind, rain and even earthquakes is common in oceans. Unfortunately, man?made noise from oil and gas drilling, sonar, and ships is also present.

Low frequency noise has doubled off the California coast every decade since the nineteen sixties. The main reasons are ships' propellers (螺旋桨). They not only generate continuous low frequency sound, some propellers cavitate(形成气穴), which means they create air bubbles that collapse, creating loud popping sounds.

Whales use low frequency calls to communicate across thousands of miles of ocean. They are threatened by noise pollution because it can prevent them from contacting each other and from locating their foods. Endangered humpback and right whales, which use fibrous baleen to strain food from the water, are the most at risk.

Scientists studying right whales off Canada's east coast have discovered that whales are sending louder calls through the water to make themselves heard. Because they invest more energy in making calls, they have less energy available for finding food and mating. Other scientists measuring whale calls against background noise pollution have discovered that right whales have lost about eighty percent of their normal communication area. This could seriously affect survival of this already threatened species.

Scientists don't have badges and guns, but they are trying to correct the noise pollution problem. By tracking ships and marine mammals and understanding how noise travels, they are creating sound maps. They hope to get shipping lanes moved so that the noise pollution ships create will not overlap with areas most important to the whales.

1.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. Whales are in danger because of the noise.

B. Noise pollution is affecting whales.

C. Natural noise is good for whales.

D. How to protect whales endangered.

2.The following statements are true EXCEPT ________.

A. You can call the police if you are disturbed by a noisy neighbor.

B. Low frequency noise has doubled off the Canadian coast every decade since the 1960s.

C. Noise pollution can prevent whales from contacting each other and from locating prey.

D. Endangered humpback and right whales are the most at risk.

3.We can infer from the last paragraph that ________.

A. some areas important to whales are overlapped with the ship lanes

B. scientists are creating the sound maps by tracking ships and marine mammals

C. if scientists have guns, they can correct the noise pollution

D. scientists have worked out a plan to protect the whales

4.According to scientists,________.

A. right whales off the Californian coast have been in danger because of the loss of the energy

B. right whales cannot find food and mate for they lose a lot of living area

C. there are about 20% of the normal communication areas still available for the right whales

D. the right whales always invest most of their energy for making calls

If anything can be said about recordbreaking globetrotter (环球旅行家) Graham Hughes, it's that— throughout his travels— he's always kept his feet firmly on the ground.

The 33?year?old adventurer, from Liverpool, has become the first person to visit all 201 countries in the world without using a plane.

Hughes used buses, taxis, trains and his own two feet to travel 160,000 miles in exactly 1,426 days — all on a shoestring(资金微薄) of just $100 a week.

He spent four days “crossing open ocean in a leaky (漏的) boat” to reach Cape Verde on the North Atlantic, was jailed for a week in the Congo for being mistaken as a “spy”, and was arrested trying to “sneak (溜;偷偷地做) into” Russia.

And yesterday Graham Hughes trudged (长途跋涉) into Juba, the capital of South Sudan, to end the epic four?year journey that began in his hometown of Liverpool on New Year's Day 2009.

“I love travel, and I guess my reason for doing it was that I wanted to see if this could be done, by one person traveling on a shoestring,” he told the Christian Science Monitor. “I think I also wanted to show that the world is not some big, scary place, but in fact it is full of people who want to help you even if you are a stranger.”

Guinness has now confirmed that Hughes, who filmed the expedition for a documentary and raised money for charity Water Aid, has achieved the world record.

“The main feeling today is just one of intense gratitude to every person around the world who helped me get here, by giving me a lift, letting me stay on their couch, or pointing me in the right direction,” Hughes added.

1.Which of the following is NOT described Graham Hughes?

A. Globetrotter.

B. Adventurer.

C. The first person traveling around the world not using a plane.

D. Scientist.

2.Which of the following is NOT true according to the text?

A. When he traveled on the ocean, his boat was leaking water.

B. He was put into prison because of being considered a spy in the Congo.

C. He was caught in Russia because he stole something.

D. It was in South Sudan that he ended his epic four?year journey.

3.Why did Hughes make the world record that he had achieved into the film — the expedition for a documentary?

A. Because he wanted to be remembered by people all over the world.

B. Because he wanted to raise money for charity Water Aid.

C. Because he only wanted to record his experience.

D. Because he wanted to earn money.

4.What can we learn from the last paragraph?

A. When he traveled all over the world, he got a lot of help from different people.

B. He often sleeps on the coach.

C. He often points the direction for others.

D. He is grateful to the people who have helped him.

Passage 1

As one of China's most popular and widely known legends,the Story of Monkey King is set to return to screens with 3D effects. It may feature many of the same leading actors from the earliest 1986 TV series Journey to the West.According to the producer,viewers can enjoy the 3D cinematic experience at home simply with a pair of special 3D glasses, which can be got easily in the market. The TV drama,with a total investment of 150 million yuan,will be aired on Sichuan TV. Almost 90 million yuan has been put into 3D effects with each 45?minute episode containing eight minutes of 3D. “The 3D effects not only cost us a lot of money but also a lot of time,” director Kan Weiping said. “We had to put off its broadcasting time,which was set at first this summer.”

Passage 2

The Solar Roadway is an intelligent road that provides clean renewable energy using power from the sun,while providing safer driving conditions along with power. American inventors of the Solar Road said that it will power itself,and reduce the country's carbon marks. Many panels are fixed on the Solar Road. The top of the Solar Road panels is made of glass and the inventors are working together with top glass researchers to develop super?strong glass that would offer vehicles pulling power they need. The Solar Roadway creates and carries clean renewable electricity and, therefore, electric vehicles can be recharged at any rest stop,or at any business that uses solar road panels in their parking lots. Such parking lots will be safer at night with the light provided by LED within the road panels. The inventors say their solar roadway has many applications and advantages from main roads to driveways, parking lots, bike paths and runways.

1.What's Passage 1 mainly about?

A. The origin of the story about Monkey King.

B. Monkey King will return to screens with 3D effects.

C. The brief introduction to the TV series Journey to the West.

D. The amount of money invested on the 3D TV series Journey to the West.

2.About the 3D TV series Journey to the West we can learn that ________.

A. it contains 45 episodes in total

B. it will feature new actors completely

C. we could watch it on TV after the summer

D. we can enjoy it at home just with normal glasses

3.What can be inferred about the Solar Roadway from Passage 2?

A. It will have a bright future.

B. It can't work without electricity.

C. Its driving conditions aren't safe.

D. The electric vehicles can't be recharged on it.

Autumn is a time when nature prepares to test and it is just the same with many people.With less energy or strength they have no desire to meet with friends after work,preferring to sit still in front of the television before going to bed early.And the next morning they find it hard to get up, too.

For most people, this period of time passes without any major effects, but a small minority suffer from complete winter depression(压抑).Apart from tiredness and without energy, the latter often has the following symptoms(症状).

They have an increased need for sleep and also for sweet food like chocolate.Normally, depression is along with difficulty in falling asleep and loss of appetite(胃口).

True winter depression exists when the symptoms occur repeatedly in autumn and winter.Moreover, they have to last at least two weeks.Symptoms of winter depression begin for northern hemisphere(北半球)countries in October, November or December, and reduce in January.The symptoms decrease when the days grow longer again.

Lack of light during the cold months is the cause of people's depression.

To reduce the bad effect of the winter depression, sufferers should spend as much time outdoors as possible.Exercise is also a tested cure for depression.A regular sleep wake cycle can help too, and sufferers should stick to it even at weekends.By getting up early, they can receive more daylight regardless of the weather.


Light up your life

Main idea

People who 1. from winter depression can light up their life.


·Feel tired.

·Lack 3..

·Need more sleep and sweet food.

·Find it 4. to go to sleep.

·Have no 5. to have meals.


·Winter depression exists with the symptoms occurring over and over again in autumn and winter, and

6. two weeks or longer.

·Winter depression starts for northern hemisphere countries in October, November or December and 7. in January.


·8. to lack of light in cold weather


·Spend as much time outdoors as 9..

·Take exercise.

·Go to bed and get up

10. every day.

In recent years,internet voting has become increasingly popular in China.People not only cast on?line votes themselves,but also urge others to vote for competitions like the“Most Beautiful Teacher” and the “Cutest Baby”.

Li Jiang,a high school student,is invited to vote in the “Best Police Officer” competition,organized by the local government to let the public have a better understanding of police officers' daily work.Li Jiang visits the website and reads all the stories.He is deeply moved by their glorious deeds.He is already thinking of becoming a policeman himself in the future.

Su Hua is invited by his uncle to vote for his cousin in the “Future Singer” competition.He has already received three similar invitations this week.His uncle tells him that if his cousin wins the competition,the family will win an overseas tour for free.Su Hua likes his cousin very much,but he finds other singers perform even better.To vote,or not to vote? This is a question that troubles him very much.



















Do you often talk with your parents? Here is some advice on how to talk with them.

★ Try to start your talk with something fun. This will make talking easier. For example,

ask them questions about their day. How is work? They love this.

★ Make it clear what you want to tell your parents. If they have an opinion, let them finish and don’t stop their talking. Ask them to do the same for you.

★ Show them respect by listening to them carefully. Look at them in the eye.

★ Be honest. Honesty builds trust. Life is good when your parents trust you.

★ If your parents don’t understand, that’s OK. It doesn’t mean that they don’t love you. Sometimes you have to explain the things to them again

★ When you finish the talk, thank them for listening. Say something like“Thanks, that helps.” It will let them know that is important to you and make them want to do it more often.

1.If you want to start the talk easily, you should say something ____________ at the beginning.

A. interesting B. dishonest

C. serious D. unhappy

2.While talking to your parents, you should look at them in the eye to show you _____ them.

A. hate B. understand

C. respect D. like

3.When the parents don’t understand you, you can_____.

A. ask them to stop B. argue with them

C. leave them angrily D. explain your ideas to them again

4.What’s the main idea of the passage?

A. We should respect our parents.

B. It’s important to trust our parents.

C. We should love our parents.

D. Some ways to communicate with our parents.

You may know the saying: An apple a day keeps the doctors away. A recent study by the Chinese University of Hong Kong has discovered another saying: An apple a day keeps old age away.

The study involved fruit flies, as they share many genes with humans. Researchers gave one group of fruit flies normal food, and another group of fruit flies got the same food including apple.

The results showed that flies that ate apple lived an average of 55 days longer than the flies that didn’t eat apple. The study also found that apple-eating flies were more able to walk, climb and move about as they became old, the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry reports.

The researchers believe that the antioxidants (抗氧化剂) found in apples are good for health.

In another experiment, researchers studied the diets of thousands of women. They found that those women who often ate apples were 20 percent less likely to have a heart attack.

Scientists have recently discovered the apple’s genetic code. This allows scientists to make new kinds of fruit that are healthier. Researchers are already using this information to grow apples with added antioxidants. Antioxidants help to keep eyes and joints (关节) healthy and protect against heart attacks and cancer.

Apples that help people lose weight may be in supermarkets in just four or five years. They are said to be “extra healthy” apples that can stop people from overeating.

1.Fruit flies were used in the research because_______.

A. they are very easy to catch B. they are fond of eating apples

C. they can live longer than before D. they share similar genes with humans

2.By studying the diets of many women, researchers _______.

A. found they are healthier than men

B. helped them lose weight successfully

C. discovered the genetic code of the apple

D. proved apples were good for people’s health

3.From the story, we can infer that _____.

A. scientists are studying new types of apples

B. apples’ genetic code is similar to other fruits

C. women like to eat apples more often than men

D. people who eat apples are protected from heart disease

Once you open the book, you will become a good speaker. Susan Weinschenk’s excellent ideas on how to make a perfect speech (演说) are very helpful to you. With the help of the book, you will be confident to know how to give your speech. Also, you will learn how to catch people’s attention (注意) during the speech.

Car and Driver is the world’s most popular car magazine. People who like cars can get information from it. It offers the best car tests in the business. The magazine also covers the latest (最新的) developments in car technology (技术).

There are four parts in IELTS: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Listening is very important. Are you confident? Have you made good preparation? The book IELTS Listening is helpful for your preparation for IELTS.

The book offers healthy and delicious food. These dishes can all be completed in less than half an hour, and in many cases, in just a few minutes. Sisson and Meier show you how to delight your family or guests every time with quick, delicious meals using local materials: meats, healthy fats (yes, and real butter) and vegetables.

1.If you are going to join in an English talk show, which of the books can you read?

A. Designing Effective Speech Interfaces B. Car and Driver

C. IELTS Listening D. Quick & Easy Meals

2.We can find the latest developments in car technology in the ________ of Car and Driver.

A. newspaper B. magazine

C. picture D. poster

3.What’s the meaning of the word “delight” in Quick & Easy Meals?

A. To cook the food well. B. To invite people to dinner.

C. To make people happy. D. To show people how to cook.

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