In 2012, I had just recovered from a serious illness when I received an invitation to a writer’s conference in Orlando, Florida. My family persuaded me that a(n)______might be just what the doctor ordered, so off I______.

Arriving in the Sunshine State was rather tiring, but I______to catch a taxi to my______and settle in. The next morning, I took another______to the shopping centre to buy a few souvenirs.______I went to a cafe to have lunch, but all the tables were______. Then I heard a friendly voice saying, "You can______my table."

I gratefully sat down with the______lady and we had a happy lunch together. As the______drew to a close she asked how long I would be in Orlando. I had already told her that I hadn't______a car, and hadn't realized how______taking taxis would he. After a while she said, "My dear, don't use any more taxis. I'm retired and it would be my pleasure to______you wherever you wish." I told her that I couldn't put her to that______,but she brushed aside my protests(反对). She asked me where I was______and the next morning she was waiting at my apartment at the______time to take me to Disney World. She spent some time with me before leaving me to______alone. At the end of the day, she______to take me back to my accommodation. I______her money but she refused to take any.

I'll never forget that wonderful lady who, through her______, filled my brief holiday in Florida with wonderful memories.

1.A. holiday B. ceremony C. operation D. experiment

2.A. kept B. went C. dropped D. knocked

3.A. intended B. promised C. managed D. deserved

4.A. hospital B. company C. university D. accommodation

5.A. colleague B. passenger C. suitcase D. taxi

6.A. Instead B. First C. Later D. Once

7.A. classified B. occupied C. decorated D. painted

8.A. share B. reserve C. set D. possess

9.A. old B. poor C. innocent D. stubborn

10.A. journey B. meal C. speech D. interview

11.A. donated B. repaired C. hired D. guided

12.A. convenient B. worthwhile C. unfortunate D. expensive

13.A. inspire B. entertain C. call D. drive

14.A. business B. argument C. trouble D. challenge

15.A. working B. staying C. moving D. shopping

16.A. appointed B. limited C. favourite D. regular

17.A. digest B. explore C. perform D. calculate

18.A. forgot B. refused C. returned D. preferred

19.A. sent B. lent C. offered D. owed

20.A. confidence B. dignity C. curiosity D. kindness


My Grandpa has arthritis (关节炎), and it’s getting harder and harder for him to do certain things.

When I was a little girl, my grandpa would play this game with me. He would tell me to hold out my hand, and in it he would place a shiny silver quarter. Wow, I thought I had the world sitting in my hand. He would tell me that if I could keep it away from him, I could have it. I knew that I couldn’t keep it away from him, but I would always try. Then he would tell me that if I could get it away from him, then he would give it back to me.

I remember feeling so small compared with him, and I also remember feeling embarrassed because I knew there was no way that I could get that quarter from him. But I tried. I would climb down from my chair, with defeat weighing heavily on my back.

“Bug?” he’d say.

“Ya Grandpa?” I’d reply, trying to sound as sad as possible.


There in his outstretched hand would be my quarter. It always ended the same. He would always hand it over. I always knew that I would have to wait until the game was over to get my quarter, because he had so much pride and self-worth that he couldn’t lose to a 4-year-old girl. After I grew up, when we played the game again, I never wanted to defeat him. I just wanted to be with him. I loved to hear him tell me what I did wrong, and how to get it right the next time, and I loved the pride in his voice.

1.In which order did the following things happen during the game?

a. Grandpa placed a shining silver quarter in my hand.

b. Grandpa told me if I could get it away from him, I could keep it.

c. He gave the quarter over to me and I got it.

d. Grandpa told me if I could keep it away from him, I could keep it.

A. a d b c B. a b c d

C. a b d c D. a c d b

2.This passage is mainly about _______.

A. the writer’s grandpa’s serious arthritis

B. the writer’s deep feeling for her Grandpa

C. games between the grandpa and the writer

D. grandpa’s success in all games

3.Why didn’t the writer want to defeat her grandpa?

A. She couldn’t defeat her grandpa.

B. She liked to see his pride.

C. She didn’t want to shame her grandpa.

D. She was afraid that Grandpa wouldn’t play with her.

Winter begins in the north on December 22nd. People and animals have been doing what they always do to prepare for the colder months. Squirrels (松鼠), for example, have been busy gathering nuts from trees. Well, scientists have been busy gathering information about what the squirrels do with the food they collect.

They examined differences between red squirrels and gray squirrels in the American state of Indiana. The scientists wanted to know how these differences could affect the growth of black walnut (黑胡桃) trees. The black walnut is the nut of choice for both kinds of squirrels. The black walnut tree is also a central part of some hardwood forests.

Rob Swihart of Purdue University did the study with Jake Goheen, a former Purdue student now at the University of New Mexico. The two researchers estimate that several times as many walnuts grow when gathered by gray squirrels as compared to red squirrels. Gray squirrels and red squirrels do not store nuts and seeds in the same way. Gray squirrels bury nuts one at a time in a number of places. But they seldom remember where they buried every nut. So some nuts remain in the ground. Conditions are right for them to develop and grow the following spring. Red squirrels, however, store large groups of nuts above ground. Professor Swihart calls “death traps for seeds”.

Gray squirrels are native to Indiana. But Professor Swihart says their numbers began to decrease as more forests were cut for agriculture. Red squirrels began to spread through the state during the past century.

The researchers say red squirrels are native to forests that stay green all year, unlike walnut trees. They say the cleaning of forest land for agriculture has helped red squirrels invade Indiana. Jake Goheen calls them a sign of an environmental problem more than a cause.

1.The study done by Rob Swihart and Jake Goheen is to ________.

A. find out the living conditions for squirrels

B. learn squirrels’ influence on black walnut trees

C. do something to get rid of squirrels

D. save the forests in the American state of Indiana

2.The difference between gray squirrels and red squirrels mainly lies in ________.

A. the way they gather the walnut

B. the time they have winter sleep

C. the place they have winter sleep

D. the place they store the walnuts

3.When Professor Swihart says “death traps for seeds”, he actually means that ________.

A. red squirrels eat more nuts than gray squirrels

B. gray squirrels and red squirrels will have severe fights

C. nuts above the ground will not develop into plants

D. seeds can be traps for other animals in the forest

4.According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A. The black walnut is equally attractive to both gray and red squirrels.

B. Gray squirrels do more harm to the forest than red squirrels.

C. Red squirrels and gray squirrels have helped the spread of walnut trees.

D. The cleaning of forest land benefits red squirrels directly.

David Beckham was born in 1975 in London, at a place called Leytonstone. When he was a young boy, his greatest passion was in football. He played it whenever he had the chance. Sometimes he would go and watch a game with his friends. When David Beckham was 12 years old, he won the Bobby Charlton Soccer Skills award. This was an important step forward for this young boy, and it led him to go for a visit to a football training camp in Spain. As a boy he played for schools of Essex and also for his county team.

In 1991, he became a trainee with Manchester United. This meant that he could practice football as much as he wanted to and play for the highly successful Manchester United Youth Cup team and Under-21 team. In April, 1995 he played his first football league game against Leeds Untied. During 1995 and 1996, David became a regular member of the team and Manchester United won in both football seasons, with David scoring many goals.

His goals made him a household name. In the first game of the 1996-1997 season, he scored a surprising goal from beyond the halfway line; seeing the goalkeeper a little way out of his goal, Beckham became famous overnight. He continued to score astonishing goals, especially from free-kicks. The speed of one of his shots was timed at 157 kph. He also had the ability to make the ball go from left to right, or right to left, whenever he chose. Goalkeepers were never sure where the ball was going, and it regularly ended up in the goal.

1.Which word can take the place of the underlined word “passion” in Paragraph 1?

A. success B. interest

C. prize D. skill

2.The unusually surprising way that he scored goals .

A. helped him to gain many prizes for Essex

B. kept him playing for Leeds United

C. offered him the chance to join the national team

D. made him popular and famous

3.Which of the following shows the right order of what Beckham experienced?

a. Beckham played his first football league game

b. Beckham won the Bobby Charlton Soccer Skills award

c. Beckham played for Manchester United Youth Cup team

d. Beckham went to Spain to join a football training camp

e. Beckham played for the schools of Essex

A. e, d, a, c, b B. b, e, d, a, c

C. e, b, a, d, c D. b, d, e, c, a

4.The passage mainly talks about .

A. how Beckham became a successful football player

B. what abilities Beckham had to score so many goals

C. when Beckham became famous all over Britain

D. why Beckham could win in football league games

Well, parents, surprise! Lots of us are using Twitter and Facebook to thumb rides, and not just to school. It’s awkward to be refused when you call a friend and ask for a ride. But with Twitter, you just look for other people heading the same way.

It may sound risky, so many teens stay within their own social circles to find rides, and don’t branch out beyond friends when asking on Twitter just like me, but to some young people, especially those taking longer trips, stranger danger is less of a concern.

“I think the digital connection of young people is really important, because younger generations grew up sharing things on line, sharing files, photos, music, etc, so they’ve been very used to sharing,” said Juliet Schor, a sociology professor at Boston College.

The sharing economy got big during the recession (经济衰退), allowing people to access more goods, services using technology and even to share costs. And that technology, for me, is what the car was for my mom, a gateway to more freedom, like what my friend Earl says, “The symbol of freedom isn’t the car any more because there’s technology out there connecting you to a car.”

According to the researchers at the University of Michigan, 30 years ago, eight in ten American 18-year-olds had a driver’s license compared to six in ten today. So it’s not that surprising that on my 16th birthday I wasn’t rushing to get a license but an iPhone.

“Driving, for young people, does mean they have to disconnect from their technology, and that’s a negative. So if they could sit in the passage side and still be connected, that’s going to be a plus.” Schor continued.

To me, another plus is that ridesharing represents something, something much bigger than trying to save money. I see it as evidence that people still depend on each other. My generation shares their cars and apartments the way neighbors used to share cups of sugar. For the system to work, some of us still need our own cars. But until I get my own version of the silver Super Beetle, you can find me on Twitter.

1.The American teens prefer to possess an iPhone as a birthday gift because ______.

A. it is most fashionable and cool B. they are bored with driving cars

C. they are fond of being connected D. it is much cheaper than a car

2.We can learn from the text that ______.

A. Twitter is a website for teens to make friends and achieve goals

B. ridesharing can be seen as a sign that people still count on each other

C. drwing cars for teens means a plus and connecting with technology

D. having a car and cost-sharing symbolize more freedom for the author’s mother

3.Professor Juliet would agree that ______.

A. young people will sit waiting to be contacted by reading a passage

B. sharing economy is bound to be responsible for the recession

C. young people tend to share a car with strangers by means of Twitter

D. being connected via technology comes first for young people

4.The best title for the passage is probably ______.

A. Twitter, an Awesome Website B. Cars or iPhone

C. Teens Use Twitter to Thumb Rides D. Cool Teens on the Go

Imagine looking at something and being able to move it just by using your brain!That is exactly what the new technology called BrainGate can do —with the help of a robotic arm,anyway.

BrainGate is the idea of Professor John Donoghue and his team of researchers at the Brown Institute for Brain Science,USA. BrainGate is attached directly to the brain. First of all,gold wires are put into the part of the brain that controls movement. These are then connected to a small computer chip(芯片) . When the person thinks about different movements,this creates electrical signals,which are picked up by the chip. After this,the signals that are created by the brain are sent back to a computer,which changes the signals into movements. Finally,the computer uses the robotic arm to carry out these movements. BrainGate can already be used to write an e-mail or play computer games,just by brain power.

The technology has already cost millions of dollars to develop and when it is available for use,it will probably cost thousands of dollars per person. There are still many challenges ahead for Donoghue and his team. They are currently planning a mini wireless version,which will allow people to be connected to the computer at all times. Donoghue also dreams of using this technology to help disabled people who can't move their arms or legs. He plans to connect BrainGate directly to their own paralysed limbs(瘫痪的胳膊或腿) .This will mean that the person can control their own body again,without relying on a robotic arm.

This research is attracting the military's (军方的) attention as well. However,it is easy to understand why scientists might be concerned about how thought-controlled machines could be used by the military.

1.What does the underlined word “These” refer to?

A. Movements. B. Thoughts.

C. Brains D. Wires.

2.What is one of BrainGate's disadvantages?

A. It needs improvement. B. It produces few movements.

C. It is too expensive. D. It is difficult to control.

3.How will Donoghue help disabled people?

A. By developing a wireless version.

B. By replacing their limbs with robotic ones.

C. By making BrainGate smaller.

D. By attaching BrainGate to their bad limbs.

4.What does the military think of thought-controlled machines?

A. They could lead to disasters. B. They would face fierce competition.

C. They could be useful. D. They would be in mass production.

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