The hard-working blacksmith(铁匠) Jones used to work all day in his shop and so hard-working was he that at times he would make the sparks(火花) fly from his hammer(锤子).

The son of Mr. Smith, a _______ neighbour, used to come to see the blacksmith every day and for hours and hours he would enjoy himself _________ how the blacksmith worked.

“Young man, why don’t you _______ your hand to learn to make shoe tacks(鞋钉), even though it is only to pass the _______?” said the blacksmith. “Who _________, one day, it may be of use to you.”

The lazy boy began to see what he could do. After a little _______ he found that he was becoming very _______ and soon he was making some of the finest tacks.

Old Mr. Smith died, and because of the war, the son _______ all his goods. He had to leave home and was forced to live in a village in another country. In this village, there were large numbers of shoemakers who were spending a lot of money on tacks for their shoes, and sometimes _______ when they paid high prices they were not always able to ________ what they wanted, because in that part of the country there was a great ________ of tacks for soldiers’ shoes.

Our young Mr.Smith, who was finding it difficult to earn(挣) his daily bread, remembered that once upon a time he had learned the__________of making tacks and had the sudden idea of making a bargain(交易) with the________. He told them that he would make the tacks if they would ________ him to get settled(安顿) in the workshop. The shoemakers were only too glad of the bargain. And soon, young Mr. Smith found that he was making the finest tacks in the village.

“How __________ it seems,” he said with a smile, “even making tacks can bring me good luck. My trade is more useful to me than all my former(从前的) riches.”

1.A.creative B.hard-working C.wealthy D.generous

2.A.testing B.seeing C.watching D.explaining

3.A.wash B.try C.force

4.A.hammer B.experience C.skill D.time

5.A.cares B.knows C.complains D.thinks

6.A.practice B.control C.exam D.check

7.A.skilled B.excited C.tired D.worried

8.A.carried B.lost C.sold D.harmed

9.A.ever B.instead C.although D.even

10.A.protect B.get C.make D.remember

11.A.number B.standard C.need D.price B.advantage C.importance D.achievement

13.A.blacksmiths B.soldiers C.shoemakers D.villagers

14.A.accept C.refuse D.return

15.A.challenging B.attractive C.lively D.funny

A live-streaming app that monitors (监控) students in classrooms in some middle schools has raised a lot of online discussion. It was reported that any user of the app Shuidi could see inside classrooms. Some parents have praised the app for giving them the chance to monitor their children, while others worry about privacy problems. Do you think the app is a good idea?

Zhang Xiaoru, 16:

I strongly support this app. Nowadays, children play an important role in the whole family, and parents always want to care for their children, wherever they are. This app helps parents see what their children are doing in classes. It’s also a good way to make students behave themselves in school.

Du Yina, 15:

I’m a supporter of this app if parents get their children’s permission (准许) first. The app could help parents focus on children’s bad habits. It could also be used as a tool to prevent bullying (霸凌). However, parents should get their permission first to protect their privacy.

Zhao Xuehan, 16:

I think this app is a bad idea. Schools should be a pleasant and relaxing place for students to study and play. But we will feel uncomfortable if cameras are watching us all the time. We should pay attention to our privacy. Our lives shouldn’t be watched by the public.

Zhang Liliang, 15:

Any form of privacy invasion (侵犯) shouldn’t be allowed. Although some parents want to know more about their children, they should do it in a better way. Being under the eye of strangers is too dangerous.

1.What does the live-streaming app do?

A.It plays educational videos in class. B.It lets students join online discussions.

C.It reports on which apps teachers use. D.It monitors students in classrooms.

2.On which condition does Du support the app?

A.Parents should get their children’s permission before using it.

B.Parents can change their children’s bad habits through the app.

C.The app could be used as a tool to prevent bullying.

D.The app is able to protect students’ privacy.

3.According to what Zhao Xuehan said, what does she do?

A.She is a student. B.She is a teacher. C.She is a parent. D.She is an app maker.

4.Zhang Liliang thinks the app is dangerous because it will _____.

A.invade students’ privacy B.allow parents to see something they shouldn’t see

C.force students to do things they don’t want to do D.hurt people’s eyes

5.Which of the following is TRUE?

A.Now most middle schools have used apps to monitor students.

B.Different people have different opinions about using the app.

C.Zhang Xiaoru supports the app only in some ways.

D.Middle schools aren’t allowed to use this app.

When shopping for clothes, my mother and I have always disagreed on what fits me well. To me, if it zips(拉上拉链), it fits. My mom , however, usually says I need a bigger size.

When I was a teenager, I wanted to dress like my friends, but my body size made it impossible. When mom told me something didn’t suit me, or that I needed a bigger size, all I heard was that my body was wrong.

To avoid arguments(争吵), we stopped going shopping together. This continued until I got engaged(订婚) and I needed to find a wedding dress(婚纱).

I could have just bought it alone, of course, but my mom is my favourite person to hang out with. The idea of looking for a wedding dress without her seemed as frightening as taking her with me.

And so the day came. As I tried on a simple white dress, I saw tears in my mom’s eyes. “You look beautiful.” she told me. Nothing could have shocked me more.

This one didn’t zip up at the back and I did actually need a bigger size , but my mom didn’t say that .She just told me how beautiful I looked. At that moment, all those arguments we’d had while shopping in the past were laid to rest. We didn’t buy a dress that day, We decided to see more, which I would never have predicted.

A few weeks and many shopping trips later, we found the perfect dress. And during those few weeks, mom and I also found the perfect fit for our shopping relationship.

1.According to the first two paragraphs, we know that________.

A.the writer’s mom could always find perfect clothes for her.

B.the writer and her mom often argued about the size of her clothes.

C.the writer’s mom thought she was too thin.

D.the writer tried to lose weight when she was a teenager.

2.Why did the writer go shopping with her mom to buy the wedding dress?_________

A.Because she couldn’t find any friends to go with her.

B.Because her mom was very experienced in choosing a wedding dress.

C.Because a wedding dress is special and she liked hanging out with her mom.

D.Because they always had a great shopping relationship.

3.When the writer and her mom went shopping for the wedding dress, the writer felt shocked because___________

A.her mother said she looked beautiful even though the dress didn’t fit her.

B.none of the wedding dresses could zip up the writer’s back.

C.her mom asked her to try on a bigger-sized dress.

D.they found the perfect dress more quickly than she expected.

4.What does the underlined word “predicted” in Paragraph 6 mean?

A.想象 B.争辩 C.谈论 D.预见

5.What would be the best title for the passage?

A.Shopping with parents. B.Choosing wedding dresses.

C.Perfect mother-daughter relationship D.Finding the perfect fit.

A man in Germany may not have been in danger when he called the police about a baby squirrel running after him, but it all worked out for the best for the funny suspect.

Emergency service centre(应急服务中心) in the city of Karlsruhe got a call on Thursday from a man afraid that the tiny animal wouldn't stop following him around. The Guardian reported. Police arrived at the scene, where the squirrel finally stopped running after him by lying down and going to sleep.

It turned out that the squirrel actually needed help, the police said. ""It often happens that squirrels which have lost their mothers look for a replacement(代替者)and then focus(集中) their efforts on one person, "the policewoman Christina Krenz told The Guardian.

The squirrel, now named Karl-Friedrich, is in the care of an animal center. Karlsruhe police posted a statement on Facebook about the animal, including several lovely photos.

The baby squirrel chase(追逐) is the second squirrel event to make international headlines this summer. Last month, a London woman called police after she heard loud noises in her home and suspected a burglar. The intruder turned out to be a squirrel, according to the police who came for help.

Although the government in the German case said the squirrel did need help, wildlife experts(专家) warn that before intervening (介入) in the case where you suspect a squirrel is orphaned(孤儿的), you should do your best to make sure the animal truly requires help. The Wildlife Centre of Virginia, which gets hundreds of calls every year about supposedly orphaned squirrels, published this handy guide to help decide whether such an animal really needs help and what to do if so. When in doubt, contact a local wildlife rescuer or animal center.

1.Karl-Friedrich in the passage turns out to be _______________.

A.a policewoman B.a little squirrel C.a guide in Virginia D.a woman from London

2.What does the underlined part "The intruder" in Paragraph5 mean?

A.A wildlife expert. B.A brave policeman. C.A female suspect. D.An unpopular visitor.

3.Why did the baby squirrel run after the man?

A.The man gave food to it. B.The man would take it to the animal center.

C.It wanted to bite the man. D.It needed the replacement for the loss of its mother.

4.What can we get from the wildlife experts' words?

A.People should find out if the squirrels truly need help.

B.The police should punish the people who hunt the squirrels.

C.The government should made laws to protect the squirrels.

D.The animal center needs enough money to carry on with their work.

5.Which part of a newspaper may this passage come from?

A.Nature & Environment. B.Humans & culture. C.Geography & History. D.Sports & Music

It's common to play video games as a way to reduce stress. We play games for fun, relaxation and even to kill time. However, one student has found a much more creative way to use video games.

Wu Hele, 17, a Senior 3 student from Jinling High School, Nanjing, has been preparing a gift for his high school - a recreation(重建) of his own school in the game Minecraft《我的世界》.

It is a game that allows players to design landscapes and buildings in all different types of locations with different materials.

For Wu, recreating the school was not just a sudden idea. During Wu's first time visiting the school, he found that it was perfect for rebuilding. "The landscape of the school is regular, and buildings all had a symmetrical, aesthetic feeling, which is suitable for rebuilding with Minecraft," he told Modern Express《现代快报》.

After his first visit to the school, Wu decided to rebuild it. However, this was not an action that could be done in a day. During his three years in high school, Wu has effectively organized his time. After finishing his homework or exercises, he always walked around the school with a notebook. "I measured all the corners by eyeballing(目测) or counting footsteps. I also drew sketches(草图). When I played the game, I would build the school based on my sketches," he told the Bejing Evening News《北京晚报》.

Wu experienced several challenges as he recreated every detail of the school. One of the most difficult challenges was building the gym. At first, he didn't know how to rebuild the shape. Then, Wu learned the conic curve formula(圆锥曲线公式), which was used for the building.

His hard work has paid off. Almost all of the scenes of Jinling High School have been rebuilt in the game. The gate, the teaching buildings, the unique corridor with the wisteria(紫藤长廊)- every tree and flower has been exactly rebuilt. The player can visit the classrooms, gyms and office buildings and view the detailed decorations inside. In addition, their school's pet cat can be seen running downstairs in the teaching building just like in real life.

"I'm the first one who rebuilt our school in this way. I've cherished(珍惜) the three years I've spent here, and I have learned a lot during the whole process," Wu told Nanjing Daily《南京日报》.


1.Which grade is Wu Hele in? ______________________________________

2.Where did Wu rebuild his school? ______________________________________

3.How did he measure all the corners in his school? __________________________________

4.When did Wu decide to rebuild his school? ______________________________________

5.What do you think of Wu’s recreation of Jinling High School? _________________________

A national survey was carried out in Australia on how children aged eight to sixteen read news. The survey found children as young as eight were interested in news. However, the spread of wrong information makes it difficult for children to understand events. The survey also found only one-third of young people felt they could tell whether news they read was real or not.

Here are what adults can do to help children critically (批判地) think about the news.

To help decide if a source (来源) can be trusted, they can ask the following questions. Is it clear who created this news? Viewers need to be able to ask the person or organization about why and how they created the story. Does it present facts straight or does it include opinions? If opinions are presented as facts, this may lead to wrong ideas. Does it include all the important people? If a story speaks up for organizations or groups of people, they should have the chance to reply to these opinions.

Some media may make use of people’s feelings. Discussing how children feel about news helps them decide which news programs to watch. Research shows sensationalist (耸人听闻的) news titles can receive more clicks online. Adults can also talk to children why people spread wrong information, such as changing people’s mind on who to vote for or attracting more clicks.

News media talk about events in different ways. Parents and teachers can help children be careful while reading stories. In some stories people can’t present their ideas honestly. In these cases, it’s best to find other news sources to consider how they are reporting the story. Discussing what children think of the news can help build their critical thinking skills.

News that can be trusted is important to society. People depend on it to help make decisions in lives. Seeing how wrong information is different from real news is a challenge for everyone at present. Listening to children’s experiences is a valuable starting point for improving their critical thinking abilities.

Ways to Help Children Think Critically about News


of the survey

? Children aged eight have shown an news.

? Two-thirds of young people have 2. telling whether news is real or not.


for adults

to take

Help decide if a source can be 4. in

? Find out the creators of the news.

? Make sure that news should avoid 5. opinions as facts.

? Check whether all the important people are 6. in the story.

Explain why some media make use of people’s feelings

? Attract much 7.with sensationalist news titles.

? Make a difference to votes by spreading wrong 8..

Discuss how news media report the stories differently

?Compare stories they read with other stories from different news sources to consider whether they are reported honestly.

? Talk with children about what they 9. of the news.


Reading news critically is 10. but challenging to everyone at present. Adults need to start from listening to children’s experiences.

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