Teach your child about safety.

When you teach safety rules to your little child, it will help if you provide clear reasons for the rules. Try to help your four-year-old child understand that these rules are not used to spoil his fun, but to keep him safe. The fairer your rules seem to your child, the more likely he is to follow them.

Try to avoid scaring them. The reason why you don’t want your child to climb up onto the top of the tree is not “You’ll fall off the tree and break your neck and die”. but “If you do fall off the tree, you’ll get hurt.” If you exaggerate possible dangers, your child will not believe that your rule is serious.

When your child doesn’t follow your safety rules, you need to make him see that unsafe behavior is dangerous. If your child runs out into the street, you should immediately pull him back, repeat your rules, explain your rules and warm him not to do it again.

If your child then repeats the unsafe behavior, you should let him know the connection between his action and the results. In the example above, you might make him come back right away. “I told you that you can’t run in the street. It’s not safe. If you can’t play outside safely, you can’t play outside.”

If your safety rules seem fair to your child, he will probably be ready to follow them and even accept them as his own rules. And they will gradually become his safety habits and part of his developing consciousness.

1.What does the underlined word “spoil” mean?

A.Treat. B.Stop. C.Connect. D.Refuse.

2.What should we say to a child if he climbs up onto the top of the tree?

A.You may die. B.You can’t play outside.

C.You may break your neck. D.You may fall off the tree and get hurt.

3.According to the passage, what should safety rules be?

A.Reasonable B.Safe C.Smart D.Helpful

4.Which of the following is TRUE?

A.Parents should set a good example.

B.Children are more likely to get hurt.

C.Parents shouldn’t exaggerate possible dangers.

D.Children are not allowed to play outside alone.

5.Who is this passage written for?

A.Writers. B.Children. C.Teachers. D.Parents.

High-speed railways, Alipay, shared bikes and online payment are seen as the new four great achievements of China by young foreigners, according to a video survey by the Silk Road Research Institute of Beijing Foreign Studies University. In the video, young people from 20 countries along Belt and Road Routes were asked to name great achievements that had influenced their lives in China. The following is what they said from 4 young people of them.

Justin, from Bucharest, Romania

I’m from Romania. China is really a great country and its high-speed railways are very fast, convenient and tidy. It takes me only 6 hours from Beijing to Shanghai by train. It saves a lot of time and it’s cheaper than airplane. I wish we would have high-speed railways in our country someday.

Yala, from Kathmandu, Nepal

I’m from Nepa, I always go out by bike. A bicycle-sharing system allows people to borrow a bike from point “A” and return it at point “B”; It’s not only cheap but also a low-carbon and healthy way of life. I like it very much.

Archana, from New Delhi, India

My life in Beijing is quite different from that in India. Here is China, I seldom take money with me when I go out. I can pay for almost everything by Zhi Fu Bao. Oh, it’s amazing. However, in India, if you don’t take a wallet with you, you will be in a tough spot.

Bond, from Bangkok, Thailand

You can find many wonderful things that we don’t have in Thailand. We don’t have Alipay or other online payment Apps with which I can go shopping without stepping out of the doors. If only I could bring them back to my country.

1.What does Justin think of the high-speed railways in China according to his words?

A.Fast and tidy. B.Cheap and healthy.

C.Cheap and amazing. D.Convenient and wonderful.

2.What do “A” and “B” refer to in Yala’s words?

A.Two bikes. B.Two riders. C.Two shops. D.Two places.

3.What does the underlined phrase “be in a tough spot” mean?

A.Get into trouble. B.Lose your way.

C.Stay in silence. D.Get something for free.

4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the above information?

A.A bicycle-sharing system provides bikes for free.

B.There’re no high-speed railways in Romania now.

C.We can pay for everything by Zhi Fu Bao in Beijing.

D.Zhi Fu Bao is the only way of paying for things.

5.What conclusion can we draw about the new four great achievements?

A.They are only liked by young people.

B.They were created by young foreign people.

C.They are the signs that China is improving rapidly.

D.They were brought to the countries along Belt and Road Routes.

Birth order—does it matter? Are you different because you are the first, second, or third child in your family—or maybe the last of nine?

A study found that first-borns have an average IQ that is three points higher than people who fall into a different place in the birth order, perhaps because first-borns often help younger brothers and sisters, which improves their own skills. In 2007, an international organization of CEOs found that 43% of CEOs are first-borns, 33% are middle children, and 23% are last-borns. First-borns are more likely to be doctors and astronauts and get higher pay.

If first-borns are more successful, last-borns are generally more agreeable. They are also more likely to be funny, possibly to get attention from all the bigger people at the dinner table. Mark Twain and Stephen Colbert were both the youngest in large families, and Jim Carrey was the youngest of four. According to a 2007 Time magazine article, “The power of Birth Order.” last-borns are more likely to be artists and successful businessmen.

Then there are the middle children: we have not ignored (忽视) them! Many middle children are short of one-on-one time with their parents. They often feel short-changed: the oldest gets more rights, and the youngest is spoiled (宠坏的). Though they may be ignored, middle children are more likely to grow into easy-going adults.

Many factors make us who we are, but if the research is correct, birth order may be one of the most important factors.

1.Who is most likely to be a CEO?

A.A first-born. B.A second-born. C.A third-born. D.A last-born.

2.What can we learn about Jim Carrey?

A.He is a middle child. B.He is likely to be serious.

C.He is a successful businessman. D.He is likely to be agreeable.

3.What does the underlined sentence mean?

A.They are usually controlled. B.They are always spoiled.

C.They are often popular at home. D.They are often treated unfairly.

4.What can we learn from the 4th paragraph?

A.Middle children often get more attention from parents.

B.Middle children usually communicate with others well.

C.Middle children are more likely to get on well with others.

D.Middle children are usually famous artists and businessmen.

5.What would be the best title for the text?

A.What makes you powerful B.How you can be a CEO

C.What influence birth order has on you D.How you can grow up

The first time I saw Carlos I would never have believed he was going to change my life. I had my arms full of books and I was rushing into the classroom when I ran into something solid. It was Carlos.

“My ......, you’re tall,” he said.

Of course, the class began to laugh. Angry, I walked to my seat without a word.

I glanced back to see if Reed Harrington was laughing with the rest. That would be the last straw. To my relied, Reed was studying chemistry and did not seem to be aware of anything else. I didn’t know why I considered Reed my friend. Maybe just because he was a good two inches taller than me. Anyway, every time I blew out my birthday candles and made a wish, it was for a date with Reed Harrington.

“Take that seat,” Mr. McCarthy told the cocky newcomer Carlos, pointing to the only empty one, in the back of the room.

Carlos laughed widely. “But I need a couple of dictionaries.” Again, the class laughed, but now they were laughing with Carlos, not at him. He had been here only 10 minutes and already he had them on his side.

The bell rang for classes. As I stood up to go, I saw Carlos coming toward me. “I’m sorry I embarrassed you,” he said. I looked straight ahead over the top of his black hair. “That’s all right.”

“I ought to know better.” He was still blocking my way. “What’s your name?” “Karen Forbes.” He held out his hand. Unwillingly, I shook hands with him. He looked up at me seriously with his brown eyes. “I am Carlos. I don’t see why you’re so touchy.”

It was the school elections that made me think of Carlos again. Reed Harrington was voted president and Carlos vice-president. “How come?” I kept asking myself, “How come this shrimp who’s only been in town for a little over a month gets to be so popular?”

So on that morning, I stopped Carlos and said, “It doesn’t seem to bother you — being short.” He looked up at me, “Of course I mind being short. But there isn’t anything I can do about it. When I realized I was going to have to spend my life in this undersized skin, I just decided to make the best of it and concentrate on being myself.” “You seem to get along great,” I admitted, “But what about me? Nobody wants to date a girl taller than he is.” “The trouble with you is you’re afraid to be yourself. You’re smart. And you could be pretty. In fact, you might be more than pretty.” I felt myself turning red...

1.Why was the author angry?

A.Because the class made fun of her.

B.Because she had to carry many books.

C.Because Reed Harrington laughed at her.

D.Because Reed Harrington didn’t date her.

2.What can we infer from Paragraph 4?

A.The author cared much about Reed’s attitude.

B.The author hoped Reed was laughing with others.

C.The author thought Reed was the same as the others.

D.The author couldn’t stand Carlos playing tricks on her.

3.What can we know about Carlos?

A.Handsome and proud. B.Humorous and confident.

C.Diligent but shy. D.Honest but sensitive.

4.What does the underlined word “touchy” in Paragraph 8 probably mean?

A.Annoyed. B.Cheerful. C.Curious. D.Moved.

5.According to the passage, which is the most likely ending?

A.Carols and Reed became very good friends.

B.Carols and the author argued with each other.

C.The author changed her attitude towards Carlos.

D.Carlos was elected president of the student committee.

A doctor entered the hospital in a hurry after being called in for an urgent surgery (紧急手术). He changed his clothes and went directly to the surgery room. He found the boy’s ________ in the hall. On seeing him, the dad yelled, “________ did you come so late? Don’t you know that my son’s life is in ________?” The doctor smiled and said, “I am sorry. I wasn’t in the hospital. I came as ________ as I could after receiving the call... And now, I wish you’d ________ so that I can do my work.” “Calm down? What if ________ son is in this room right now? Will you calm down?” The doctor ________ again and replied, “I will do my best to save your son.” The surgery ________ some hours. The doctor went out happily. “Thank goodness! Your son is saved!” And ________ waiting for the father’s reply, he carried on his way running. “If you have any questions, ask the nurse!” “Why is he in such a hurry?” asked the father when he saw the nurse. The nurse answered, tears coming down her face, “His son died yesterday in a road accident. He was at the burial when he got the ________. And he is running to finish his son’s burial.”

1.A.mother B.sister C.father D.brother

2.A.When B.How C.Why D.Where

3.A.time B.danger C.surprise D.help

4.A.fast B.slowly C.early D.late

5.A.turn down B.calm down C.put down D.sit down

6.A.my B.his C.your D.her

7.A.smiled B.cried C.shouted D.refused

8.A.spent B.cost C.paid D.took

9.A.with B.except C.besides D.without

10.A.gift B.note C.call D.job

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