Everyone speaks a language, but language is not just for talking. It is our most important communication tool. Through language, we can tell other people what we think, how we feel, and what we need. In fact, civilization (文明) itself depends on our ability to communicate.

In the long history of human, languages survive, grow, disappear, move from place to place, and change with time. There are about 6,000 different living languages around the world today, and there are many thousands more that are no longer in use. Languages might sound different, but they are thought to have come from a single ancient language.

Nobody knows exactly when people first started using languages. Some scientists say that people first spoke to one another about two million years ago.

Today, our complicated (复杂的) languages get fully used in the magazines, novels, science books, and movies that fill our libraries and bookstores. As humans, it is important that we can tell the long stories, which separates us from the great apes (类人猿). Other animals may use kinds of methods to communicate, but we humans can send complicated messages through space and time.

Throughout history there were many languages that served as a lingua franca (通用语)—a common language that could serve as a bridge between people of different cultures. Today, English is the main language that plays that role around the world. Many people have studied English as a second or third language.

Language helps people to work together, to share knowledge, feelings, and build up modern societies. The development of humanity’s many languages was an important process that helped humans move forwards towards civilization.

Language

Language is our most important communication tool

● With the help of language, we tell others our 1., feelings and needs.

● Our ability to communicate leads to civilization.

Some facts about languages

● There are about 6,000 different languages that are being 2. around the world.

● People started to speak to one another two million years ago, according to some scientists.

● Humans’ languages make it 3. for us to send complicated messages through space and time.

● English is used most 4. around the world today.

The 5. of language

● Language helps people to work together, to share knowledge, feelings, and build up modern societies.

● The development of humanity’s many languages was an important process that helped humans move towards civilization.

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