For many people, his name is another word for "genius". He is the father of the theory of relativity(相对论). His most famous formula(公式) is E=mc2, which describes the relationship between mass(质量)and energy. He is Albert Einstein, one of the most famous _______ in the world.

On March 19, 2012, some of Einstein's personal papers and scientific research were _______ online for the first time. They gave people a _______ to know more about Einstein as a person.

Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, into a Jewish family in the German city of Ulm. At the age of 15, Einstein _______ school and moved to Italy with his family. Later, he finished his studies in Switzerland.

Einstein published four important papers in 1905. _______ them, one on the photoelectric effect(光电效应) _______ him the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics. But Einstein's greatest work is the theory of relativity. It tells us that time can be _______or sped up depending on the speed of a moving object. This theory changed the _______ people understand the universe(宇宙).

But Einstein wasn't just a scientist. He was also a regular man and lived a _______ life. He liked playing Mozart on his violin, as well as hiking and walking. Einstein didn't ________ much about power. In 1952, the young nation of Israel asked Einstein to be their president, but he refused

1.A.teachers B.artists C.presidents D.scientists

2.A.closed B.published C.finished D.written

3.A.career B.change C.chance D.challenge

4.A.left B.reached C.graduated D.attended

5.A.Among B.From C.Between D.After

6.A.presented B.started C.experienced D.earned

7.A.broken down B.slowed down C.cut down D.taken down

8.A.interest B.way C.mind D.advantage

9.A.hard B.poor C.secret D.colorful

10.A.care B.know C.worry D.complain

One of the most often asked and most controversially(有争议的) answered questions is "What should I do when I meet a blind person?" A quick Google search will turn up plenty of answers, which are quite different from each other. So, obviously, there is no general agreement on what to do when you meet a blind person.

There are no special rules or does and doesn't that can deal with this situation. There is only one principle(原则): Blind people are nothing more or less than people who happen to be blind. As such, it is our own job to take care of ourselves, and we are grateful to no one else for special care or leadership. For we think we are equal(平等的)to normal people.

The best thing to do is nothing. Don't suppose you know what we need. If we do need something, we'll politely let you know.

Forget everything you've heard about the blind even if you consider yourself to be an expert. Blind people have plenty to say about "experts". Especially, forget anything you've heard or read about "Ten Things to Do if You Meet a Blind Person". The advice will probably just cause more embarrassment(尴尬). More of it is made up by sighted people anyway and doesn't necessarily stand for the blind's view.

There is completely no way to second—guess the situation by imposing(强加)any preformed ideas. Even if you've known other blind people, don't think you know what to do with every one of them. The thing that often makes us angry is to hear "It's OK. My mother(sister, cousin, friend)is blind."

Blind people are as different from each other as any two people on this earth. There are no similarities among us that you can depend on. Even the degree of vision, hearing or touch that we use can be very different. Most blind people do have same degree of vision,and even the very few of us who are totally blind may use our touch and hearing very effectively.

1.It can be inferred from the passage that the writer________.

A.is a blind person B.hears more clearly than others

C.never asks others for help D.thinks blind people need special care

2.According to the passage, which of the following opinions may the writer disagree with?

A.Most blind people can take care of themselves.

B.Blind people aren't equal to sighted people.

C.Blind people generally dislike those thinking they understand the blind a lot.

D.Each person, blind or sighted, is different from anyone else.

3.Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

A.Never Help the Blind B.Try to Help the Blind

C.Not Every Help Is Good for the Blind D.Learn More about the Blind

People all over the world are now taking action to fight against the novel coronavirus. But how they behave may depend on their own culture and traditions. Let's take a look.

When everyone in China is wearing masks to stop the novel coronavirus, many people in Western countries don't seem to want to do the same. For example, an Italian lawmaker was criticized (批评)by his coworkers when he went to work with a mask. They said he was "causing panic"(恐慌). But why do the East and West have different ideas about wearing masks? Let's take a look.

Western ideas about masks

In the West, people should wear masks only when they get sick—chronic allergies(慢性过敏) or infectious(传染的)diseases. People see masks as a tool to protect sick people and stop disease from spreading, so healthy people don't need to wear them. Therefore, during the novel coronavirus outbreak, people would be "treated as a virus spreader" if they go out with a mask. Some European and American people say wearing a mask outdoors makes them feel "worried", "shy", and "afraid of being looked at differently."

But as the number of COVID-19 cases is growing around the world, people in the West are changing their ideas. In the US, for example, many healthy people are starting to wear masks now to protect themselves.

Mask culture in the East

In Asian countries like China and Japan, wearing masks is common. In 1910, Chinese doctor Wu Liande invented the modern medical mask during the pneumonic plague(肺鼠疫). Since then, masks have been a symbol of China's position as a modern, scientific nation,according to Scottish medical anthropologist(人类学家)Christos Lynteris. During the 2003 SARS epidemic(传染病), people in China and East Asia also used masks to protect themselves.

In Japan, wearing masks shows your politeness when you get a cold or flu. Some Japanese also turn masks into fashion. They have different colors and patterns to choose to match their clothes. Some young women wear masks when they don't have their makeup on. Many pop stars in Asia also use masks to protect their privacy(隐私). This cultural and historical background has made it easier for people in the East to wear masks when epidemics break out.

1.What did the coworkers think of the Italian lawmaker?

A.He was too worried to work. B.He made other people nervous.

C.He was unwilling to go to work. D.He was just trying to protect himself.

2.From the story, what might people use masks to do in Japan?

a. Show politeness. b. Protect privacy. c. Look fashionable. d. Protect their makeup.

A.abc B.bcd C.acd D.abd

3.From the story, we know that________.

A.healthy people in the West will never wear masks

B.wearing masks is the only way to protect ourselves

C.masks can be used in many different ways

D.masks are not useful during a serious epidemic

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